Peter Suber

Peter Suber

Peter Suber in Brooksville, Maine, November 2009
Born (1951-11-08) November 8, 1951
Evanston, Illinois
Fields Open access
Institutions Northwestern University
Earlham College
Harvard University
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition
Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society
Wikimedia Foundation
Open Knowledge Foundation
Public Knowledge
Alma mater Northwestern University
Thesis Kierkegaard's Concept of Irony especially in relation to Freedom, Personality and Dialectic (1978)
Doctoral advisor William A. Earle
Known for Nomic
Open access[2]
Budapest Open Access Initiative
Notable awards Lyman Ray Patterson Copyright Award (2011)[3]
Spouse Liffey Thorpe

Peter Dain Suber (born November 8, 1951) is a philosopher specializing in the philosophy of law and open access to knowledge. He is a Senior Researcher at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society, Director of the Harvard Office for Scholarly Communication,[4] and Director of the Harvard Open Access Project (HOAP).[1][5][6] Suber is known as a leading voice in the open access movement,[7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15] and as the creator of the game Nomic.


Suber graduated from Earlham College in 1973, received a PhD degree in philosophy in 1978, writing a dissertation on Søren Kierkegaard[16] and a Juris Doctor degree in 1982, both from Northwestern University.


Previously, Suber was senior research professor of philosophy at Earlham College, the open access project director at Public Knowledge, a senior researcher at Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC),.[17] He is a member of the Board of Enabling Open Scholarship,[18] the Advisory Boards at the Wikimedia Foundation, the Open Knowledge Foundation, and the advisory boards of other organizations devoted to open access and an information commons.

Suber worked as a stand-up comic from 1976 to 1981, including an appearance on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson in 1976. Suber returned to Earlham College as a professor from 1982 to 2003 where he taught classes on philosophy, law, logic, and Kant's Critique of Pure Reason, among other topics.

Suber participated in the 2001 meeting that led to the world's first major international open access initiative, the Budapest Open Access Initiative. He wrote Open Access News and the SPARC Open Access Newsletter, considered the most authoritative blog and newsletter on open access. He is also the founder of the Open Access Tracking Project, and co-founder, with Robin Peek, of the Open Access Directory.

In philosophy, Suber is the author of The Paradox of Self-Amendment,[19] the first book-length study of self-referential paradoxes in law, and The Case of the Speluncean Explorers: Nine New Opinions,[20] the first book-length "rehearing" of Lon Fuller's classic, fictional case. He has also written many articles on self-reference, ethics, formal and informal logic, the philosophy of law, and the history of philosophy.[21]

He has written many articles on open access to science and scholarship.[22] His 2012 book, Open Access, was published by MIT Press and released under a Creative Commons license.[2] His latest book is a collection of 44 of his most influential articles about open access, Knowledge Unbound: Selected Writings on Open Access, 2002–2010, also published by MIT Press under a Creative Commons license.[23]

Honours and awards

Lingua Franca magazine named Suber one of Academia's 20 Most Wired Faculty in 1999.[24] The American Library Association named him the winner of the Lyman Ray Patterson Copyright Award for 2011.[3] Choice named his book on Open Access[2] "an Outstanding Academic Title for 2013.".[25]

Peter Suber at the 10th anniversary meeting of the Budapest Open Access Initiative in February 2012.

Personal life

Suber is married to Liffey Thorpe, professor emerita of Classics at Earlham College, with whom he has two daughters. Since 2003, he and Thorpe have resided in Brooksville, Maine.[26]


  1. 1 2 Peter Suber's publications indexed by Google Scholar
  2. 1 2 3 Suber, Peter (2012). Open Access. MIT Press Essential Knowledge. Cambridge, Mass: The MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-51763-9.
  3. 1 2
  6. List of publications from Microsoft Academic Search
  7. Suber, P. (2012). "Ensuring open access for publicly funded research". BMJ. 345: e5184. doi:10.1136/bmj.e5184. PMC 3414432Freely accessible. PMID 22875953.
  8. Suber, P. (2008). "An open access mandate for the National Institutes of Health". Open medicine : a peer-reviewed, independent, open-access journal. 2 (2): e39–e41. PMC 3090178Freely accessible. PMID 21602938.
  9. Rogawski, M. A.; Suber, P. (2006). "Support for the NIH Public Access Policy". Science. 313 (5793): 1572a. doi:10.1126/science.313.5793.1572a. PMID 16973859.
  10. Suber, P. (2005). "Open access, impact, and demand". BMJ. 330 (7500): 1097–1098. doi:10.1136/bmj.330.7500.1097. PMC 557876Freely accessible. PMID 15891208.
  11. Suber, P. (2003). "Open access: Other ways". Nature. 426 (6962): 15. doi:10.1038/426015b. PMID 14603286.
  12. Suber, P. (2003). ""Author pays" publishing model: Answering to some objections". BMJ. 327 (7405): 54. doi:10.1136/bmj.327.7405.54. PMC 1126400Freely accessible. PMID 12842973.
  13. Suber, P. (2002). "Open access to the scientific journal literature". Journal of Biology. 1 (1): 3–1. doi:10.1186/1475-4924-1-3. PMC 117246Freely accessible. PMID 12144706.
  14. Suber, P. (2002). "Where does the free online scholarship movement stand today?". Cortex; a journal devoted to the study of the nervous system and behavior. 38 (2): 261–264. doi:10.1016/S0010-9452(08)70656-7. PMID 12056694.
  15. "Keeping Up To Date On Scholarly Communication Issues". Retrieved 2010-02-25.
  16. Suber, Peter Dain (1978). Kierkegaard's Concept of Irony especially in relation to Freedom, Personality and Dialectic (PhD thesis). Northwestern University.(subscription required)
  17. "SPARC". 2009-11-06. Retrieved 2010-02-25.
  19. Suber, Peter (1990). The paradox of self-amendment: a study of logic, law, omnipotence, and change. Frankfurt am Main: P. Lang. ISBN 0-8204-1212-0.
  20. Suber, Peter (1998). The case of the speluncean explorers: nine new opinions. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-18546-7.
  21. Suber, Peter. "Writings". Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society.
  22. Suber, Peter. "Writings on Open Access". Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society.
  23. Suber, Peter (2016). Knowledge Unbound. Cambridge, Mass: The MIT Press. ISBN 978-0262528498.
  26. "Liffey's Home Page". Earlham College.
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