Peter Huchel

Berlin memorial plaque, Peter Huchel, Hindenburgdamm 32, Berlin-Steglitz, Germany

Peter Huchel (April 3, 1903 April 30, 1981), born Hellmut Huchel, was a German poet.


Huchel was born in Lichterfelde (now part of Berlin). From 1923 to 1926 Huchel studied literature and philosophy in Berlin, Freiburg and Vienna. Between 1927 and 1930 he travelled to France, Romania, Hungary and Turkey. In 1930, he changed his first name to Peter and befriended Ernst Bloch, Alfred Kantorowicz and Fritz Sternberg. His early poems, published from 1931 to 1936, are strongly marked by the atmosphere and landscape of Brandenburg. In 1934, Huchel married Dora Lassel. The couple would divorce in 1946 and Huchel would marry Monica Rosental in 1953. Between 1934 and 1940, Huchel wrote plays for German radio. During the Second World War, he served as a soldier until he was taken prisoner by the Russians in 1945. After his release, he began working for East German radio and in 1949, he became editor of the influential poetry magazine Sinn und Form ("Sense and Form"). After the building of the Berlin Wall in 1961, Huchel came under attack from the East German authorities and the following year he was forced to resign the editorshop of Sinn und Form. From 1962 to 1971, he lived in isolation under Stasi surveillance in his house in Wilhelmshorst near Berlin. In 1971, he was finally permitted to leave the German Democratic Republic and move, first to Rome, then to Staufen im Breisgau, where he later died. The poem and song Ermutigung, written by his friend Wolf Biermann in 1968, was dedicated to Huchel.



This article is based on material from the German Wikipedia.

Hilton, Ian: Peter Huchel. Plough a lonely furrow. Lochee Publications, Blairgowrie 1986.

Nijssen, Hub: Der heimliche König. Leben und Werk von Peter Huchel. (The secret king. Life and Works of Peter Huchel) Nijmegen University Press 1995. Königshausen & Neumann Verlag, Würzburg 1998.

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