Pecheneg language

Region Crimea
Era 7th–12th century[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 xpc
Linguist list
Glottolog pech1242[2]

Pecheneg is an extinct Turkic language spoken by the Pechenegs in Eastern Europe (most of Ukraine, parts of southern Russia, Moldova and Hungary) in the 7th–12th centuries. It is also possible that the language was spoken by the Cumans, per Byzantine princess Anna Komnene.[3]

It was most likely a member of the Oghuz branch of the Turkic family,[4] but poor documentation and the absence of any descendant languages have prevented linguists from making an accurate classification; most experts would be fairly confident in placing it among the Oghuz languages, but would refuse to classify it further.

Comparison of Pecheneg with Modern Turkish

Pecheneg word Modern Turkish word Meaning in English
somor sıçan rat
şegor sığır cattle
tavışgan tavşan rabbit
dohs domuz pig
çotka fırça brush
bitig -betik book
betleg defter notebook
alpagut asker soldier
eçi amca uncle (paternal)


  1. Pecheneg at MultiTree on the Linguist List
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Pecheneg". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Howorth, Henry Hoyle. "History of the Mongols". Google Books. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  4. Баскаков, Н. А. Тюркские языки, Москва 1960, с. 126-131.

See also

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