Paul Hornung

Paul Hornung

refer to caption

Hornung in 1961
No. 5
Position: Halfback
Personal information
Date of birth: (1935-12-23) December 23, 1935
Place of birth: Louisville, Kentucky
Height: 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)
Weight: 215 lb (98 kg)
Career information
High school: Louisville (KY) Flaget
College: Notre Dame
NFL Draft: 1957 / Round: 1 / Pick: 1
Career history
Career highlights and awards
Career NFL statistics
Rushing yards: 3,711
Rushing average: 4.2
Receptions: 130
Receiving yards: 1,480
Receiving average: 11.4
Touchdowns: 72
Player stats at

Paul Vernon Hornung (born December 23, 1935) is a former professional American football player, a Hall of Fame running back for the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League (NFL) from 1957 to 1966, winning four NFL titles and the first Super Bowl. He is the first in pro football history to win the Heisman Trophy, be selected as the first overall selection in the NFL Draft, win the NFL most valuable player award, and be inducted into both the professional and college football halls of fame.[1]

A versatile player, Hornung was a halfback, quarterback, and placekicker. An excellent all-around athlete, he also played college basketball for Notre Dame.

Early years

Born and raised in Louisville, Kentucky, Hornung was an outstanding athlete at Bishop Benedict Joseph Flaget High School in Louisville, and lettered four years each in football, basketball, and baseball. He was recruited by Bear Bryant at Kentucky in nearby Lexington, but chose to attend Notre Dame instead. Flaget High School was permanently closed in 1974.

College career

After spending his sophomore season of 1954 as a backup fullback, Hornung blossomed as a halfback and safety during his junior year in 1955. He finished fourth in the nation in total offense with 1,215 yards and six touchdowns. His two touchdowns on offense and two interceptions on defense spurred a victory over No. 4 Navy, and his touchdown pass and field goal beat Iowa. In a loss to Southern California, Hornung ran and threw for 354 yards, the best in the nation in 1955. Hornung, nicknamed the "Golden Boy," won the Heisman Trophy in 1956 as the year's outstanding college football player in the United States and is the only player from a losing team (his Notre Dame team finished 2-8 that year) ever to win the trophy.[2] Highly versatile, he was a quarterback who could run, pass, block, and tackle. Many consider Hornung the greatest all-around football player in Notre Dame history.[3][4][5] In the 1956 season, he led his team offensively in passing, rushing, scoring, kickoff and punt returns, and punting. He also played defense and led his team in passes broken up and was second in interceptions and tackles made. He jokes about the fact that he was among the nation's leaders in kickoff returns by saying, "We gave up so many points that our opponents were always kicking off to us."

Hornung also played basketball during his sophomore year at Notre Dame.[6] He has said that he attended Notre Dame in part for the opportunity to play basketball, and that he was asked not to continue playing in order to help keep his grades up.[7]

At the 1957 College All Star game in August in Chicago, Hornung had a famous match race with Abe Woodson. This was one of the greatest college all star teams ever assembled. Woodson said, "We had Jim Brown, Jim Parker, John Brodie, Jon Arnett, Len Dawson, Paul Hornung, and Tommy McDonald, with Curly Lambeau and Otto Graham as our coaches, and we still lost 22-7 to the New York Giants. Oh, well." Just for fun, Woodson, one of the fastest players ever to put on pads, and Hornung agreed to a 100-yard (91 m) match race. Hornung won by five yards.

Passing statistics

Year Comp   Att   Comp % Passing   TD  
1954 5 19 26.3 36 0
1955 46 103 44.7 743 9
1956 59 111 53.2 917 3

Professional career

After graduating from Notre Dame with a degree in business, Hornung was the first selection overall in the 1957 NFL Draft. He was taken by the Green Bay Packers, with whom he went on to win four league championships, including the first Super Bowl in January 1967.

He was the only Packer on the roster who did not play in Super Bowl I. A pinched nerve sidelined him, and he chose not to enter the game in the fourth quarter.

As a pro, Hornung played the halfback position as well as field goal kicker for several seasons. Hornung led the league in scoring for three straight seasons from 195961. During the 1960 season, the last with just 12 games, he set an all-time record by scoring 176 points. Hornung also passed for two additional touchdowns, which did not add to his point-scoring total. The record stood until the 2006 season, when running back LaDainian Tomlinson of the San Diego Chargers broke the record with 180 points by scoring his 30th touchdown on December 17, leaving him with four points more than Hornung's record with more than two games to play (but in his 14th game, compared to Hornung's 12 games).

In 1961, he set the scoring record in an NFL championship game with 19 points.[8][9][10] In Green Bay's 1965 championship win, he rushed for 105 yards and a touchdown on a very muddy field against the Cleveland Browns.[11][12][13] In October of that same year, he set a record for most points in a calendar month with 77. This was also broken by Tomlinson, who posted 78 points in November 2006.

Hornung was voted the league's most valuable player in 1961 and was chosen as an All-Pro twice and named to the Pro Bowl twice. He is one of only five players to have won both the Heisman Trophy and the NFL's Most Valuable Player Award. He is also the only one to ever make a 50+ yard fair catch kick which came in 1964 on September 13, at the end of the first half of the opener against rival (and defending champion) Chicago.[14][15][16]

In 1965 at age 29, Hornung scored a team-record five touchdowns (three rushing and two pass receptions) in a 42–27 road win over the Baltimore Colts on December 12.[17][18] Hornung's five TD's were overshadowed by the record-tying six touchdowns scored by Chicago's Gale Sayers later that same day against San Francisco at Wrigley Field.[17][19] But the Packers' victory over the Colts proved important for the Packers, as they wound up tied with the Colts in the Western Conference standings at season's end (forcing an extra playoff game on December 26 which the Packers won in overtime to advance to the NFL Championship). In that NFL championship game against the Cleveland Browns on January 2, Hornung ran for 105 yards and a touchdown in the Packers' 23–12 win for their third league title under Lombardi.[11][12][13]

A pinched nerve in Hornung's neck severely curtailed his playing time in 1966,[20] and Hornung did not see action in Super Bowl I, when the Packers defeated the Kansas City Chiefs, 35–10. Hornung was selected in the expansion draft by the New Orleans Saints,[20] who later traded for Hornung's backfield mate at Green Bay, former LSU All-American Jim Taylor. Hornung never suited up for the Saints, as the neck injury forced him to retire during training camp. Taylor & Hornung were affectionately known as "Thunder & Lightning" by Packer fans of the early 1960s.

Hornung holds the record for most games with 30+ points (2), the most games with 25+ points (3), and the most games with 13 points in a season (8 games in 1960). He also holds the dubious distinction of having missed an NFL record 26 field goals in a season, doing so in 1964.[21]

Honors and awards

Hornung was elected to the College Football Hall of Fame in 1985,[22][23] the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1986,[24] and the Wisconsin Athletic Hall of Fame in 1990. Also, the "Paul Hornung Award" is given out annually to the state of Kentucky's top high school player. Starting in 2010, an award named in Hornung's honor is given out to the most versatile college football player in the nation.[25] Hornung's number 5 was also unofficially retired by Lombardi on July 10, 1967,[26][27] as there has not been a ceremony to have his number on the wall of retired numbers at Lambeau Field.[28]

Off the field

Obliged to serve in the U.S. Army, Hornung was called to active duty during the 1961 season but was able to get weekend passes to play on Sundays. Head coach Vince Lombardi was a friend of President John F. Kennedy, and it was arranged for a pass so Hornung could play in the NFL championship game against the New York Giants.

Sport magazine named Hornung the most outstanding player in the 1961 championship game, which led to a tax dispute that cemented the tax status of awards to athletes. Hornung was awarded a 1962 Chevrolet Corvette, but the car's fair market value was not included on his tax returns for either 1961 or 1962. Because it would have been impossible for Hornung to take possession of the Corvette in 1961 - the game was played on December 31 in Green Bay and the car was in a closed dealership in New York - it was determined that the car should have been included in income in 1962. More importantly for the athletic community, the court in Hornung v. Commissioner also determined that awards for achievement in the field of athletics do not fall under the exceptions provided under section 74(b) of the Internal Revenue Code. From this point on, it became impossible for athletes to exclude any awards they are given for athletics from their gross incomes.[29]

His penchant for high-living would prove disastrous when, in 1963, a major scandal erupted and Hornung and another of the league's top stars, defensive tackle Alex Karras of the Detroit Lions, were suspended from football indefinitely in April 1963 by commissioner Pete Rozelle for betting on NFL games and associating with undesirable persons.[30][31][32] Forthright in admitting to his mistake, Hornung's image went relatively untarnished, and in 1964 his suspension, and Karras's, were re-evaluated by the league and both were reinstated in March.[33][34][35]

In a September 2006 interview with Bob Costas, Hornung stated that it was his belief that it was Lombardi's constant lobbying of Rozelle that got him reinstated for the 1964 NFL season. In exchange for Lombardi's efforts, Hornung agreed not to have anything to do with gambling, to stay out of Las Vegas and to even forgo attending the Kentucky Derby which he had done annually.[36]

During a radio interview on March 30, 2004, Hornung, speaking about the recent lack of football success at Notre Dame, said, "We can't stay as strict as we are as far as the academic structure is concerned because we've got to get the black athletes. We must get the black athletes if we're going to compete."[37] The response was immediate. The University replied, "We strongly disagree with the thesis of his remarks. They are generally insensitive and specifically insulting to our past and current African-American student-athletes."[37] Famed former Notre Dame head coach Ara Parseghian also disagreed with Hornung, saying that Notre Dame didn't lower admission standards for him.

Hornung said that he was not differentiating between races. "We need better ball players, black and white, at Notre Dame."[37]

Upon Rozelle's retirement in 1989, Hornung wrote him a letter crediting him with promoting the NFL's growth and for having been "the best commissioner of any [sports league]."[36]

See also


  1. List of Heisman Trophy winners
  2. "1956 - 22nd Award". Archived from the original on December 3, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-22.
  3. "Biography of Paul Hornung". All American. Retrieved 2007-12-22.
  4. "Heisman History: A Look Back At 1956". The Heisman Pundit. November 10, 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-10-29. Retrieved 2007-12-22.
  5. "Notre Dame Heisman Trophy Winners". Retrieved 2007-12-22.
  6. Douchant, Mike (1995). Encyclopedia of College Basketball. International Thomson Publishing. ISBN 0-8103-9640-8.
  7. Live interview during the broadcast of the March 15, 2012 NCAA Tournament first round game between Murray State and Colorado State.
  8. Lea, Bud (January 1, 1962). "Packers World Champions!". Milwaukee Sentinel. p. 1M.
  9. "Facts and figures". Milwaukee Sentinel. January 1, 1962. p. 1S.
  10. Strickler, George (January 1, 1962). "Green Bay 37, New York 0!". Chicago Tribune. p. 1, part 6.
  11. 1 2 Strickler, George (January 3, 1966). "Green Bay wins N.F.L. crown, 23 to 12". Chicago Tribune. pp. 1, 3.
  12. 1 2 Lea, Bud (January 3, 1966). "Packers blast Browns for title". Milwaukee Sentinel. p. 2, part 2.
  13. 1 2 Hand, John (January 3, 1966). "Green Bay's ball-control tactics beat Browns for title, 23-12". Youngstown Vindicator. Ohio. Associated Press. p. 18.
  14. Lea, Bud (September 14, 1964). "Packers hammer Bears, 23-12!". Milwaukee Sentinel. p. 4, part 2.
  15. "Green Bay uses fair catch rule". Lawrence Journal-World. Kansas. Associated Press. September 14, 1964. p. 10.
  16. Sell, Jack (September 17, 1964). "Something for free". Pittsburgh Post Gazette. p. 37.
  17. 1 2 "Paul's pure gold for Pack; Sayers scores 6 Bear TD's". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. Associated Press. December 13, 1965. p. 12.
  18. Bochat, Rel (December 13, 1965). "Hero Hornung lauds mates". Milwaukee Sentinel. p. 2, part 2.
  19. Strickler, George (December 13, 1965). "Bears win; 6 touchdowns by Sayers". Chicago Tribune. p. 1, section 3.
  20. 1 2 "Move to New Orleans no surprise to Hornung". Free Lance-Star. Fredericksburg, Virginia. Associated Press. February 11, 1967. p. 6.
  21. Who Holds the Record for Most Missed Field Goals in a Season?
  22. "Hornung, Miller make hall of fame". Milwaukee Journal. AP and UPI. February 11, 1985. p. 2, part 3.
  23. "Hornung finally enshrined into College Hall of Fame". Gainesville Sun. Florida. Associated Press. October 30, 1987. p. 5D.
  24. "Hornung celebrates long-sought honor". Toledo Blade. Ohio. Associated Press. August 3, 1986. p. D3.
  25. "Home". The Paul Hornung Award. September 17, 2012. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
  26. "Vince: Got what we wanted". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. July 11, 1967. p. 1, part 2.
  27. Johnson, Chuck (July 11, 1967). "Milwaukee will get play-off game if the Packers win division crown". Milwaukee Journal. p. 9, part 2.
  28. Christl, Cliff. "No. 5 should hang on Lambeau wall". Retrieved July 28, 2010.
  29. Samuel A. Donaldson, "Federal Income Taxation Of Individuals: Cases, Problems and Materials", 2d. edition (St. Paul: Thompson-West 2007, 2d edition), 353-359
  30. "Hornung suspended". Milwaukee Sentinel. April 18, 1963. p. 1, part 1.
  31. "Suspend 2 football stars". Chicago Tribune. Associated Press. April 18, 1963. p. 1, section 1.
  32. Grimsley, Will (April 18, 1963). "All pro leagues honor suspension of Paul Hornung, Detroit's Karras". Lakeland Ledger. Florida. Associated Press. p. 28.
  33. "Hornung's exile is ended; Karras reinstated as well". Milwaukee Journal. March 16, 1964. p. 12, part 2.
  34. Lea, Bud (March 17, 1964). "Can Paul overcome year's lay-off". Milwaukee Sentinel. p. 2, part 2.
  35. "N.F.L. lifts suspensions". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. Associated Press. March 17, 1964. p. 12.
  36. 1 2 "Reggie Bush". Costas Now. Episode 202. 2006-09-06. HBO.
  37. 1 2 3 "Sports of The Times; Hornung Has Failed to Meet Standard of Common Sense". The New York Times. 2004-04-01. Retrieved 2011-12-18.

Further reading

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