The Paṭṭhāna (paṭṭhāna, Burmese: ပဌာန်း, pa htan:) is a Buddhist scripture, part of the Pali Canon of Theravada Buddhism, where it is included in the Abhidhamma Pitaka.

Translation: Conditional Relations, 1969-, in progress, 2 volumes so far tr U Narada, Pali Text Society, Bristol

This book is a detailed examination of causal conditioning, analyzing 24 types of conditional relations (paccaya) in relation to the classifications in the matika of the Dhammasangani:[1]

  1. root cause (hetupaccaya)
  2. object support
  3. predominance
  4. proximity
  5. contiguity
  6. simultaneity
  7. reciprocity
  8. support
  9. decisive support
  10. pre-existence
  11. post-existence
  12. habitual cultivation
  13. karma
  14. result
  15. nutriment
  16. controlling faculty
  17. jhāna – a relation specific to meditation attainments
  18. path – a relation specific to the stages on the Buddhist path
  19. association
  20. dissociation
  21. presence
  22. absence
  23. disappearance
  24. non-disappearance


  1. Ronkin, Noa, "Abhidharma", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2014 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <>.

External links

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