|Part of the Politics series|
A political party platform or platform is a formal set of principal goals which are supported by a political party or individual candidate, in order to appeal to the general public, for the ultimate purpose of garnering the general public's support and votes about complicated topics or issues. "Plank" is the term often given to the components of the political platform – the opinions and viewpoints about individual topics, as held by a party, person, or organization. The word "plank" depicts a component of an overall political platform, as a metaphorical reference to a basic stage made out of boards or planks of wood. The metaphor can return to its literal origin when public speaking or debates are actually held upon a physical platform.
A party platform is sometimes referred to as a manifesto or a political platform. Research on American politics suggests that platform positions offer an important clue to the policies that U.S. parties will enact. Over the past 30 years, Democratic and Republican members of the United States Congress voted in line with their respective party platforms 74% and 89% of the time, respectively.
The first known use of the word platform was in 1535. The word platform comes from Middle French plate-forme, literally meaning "flat form". The political meaning of the word to reflect "statement of party politics" is from 1803, probably originally an image of a literal platform on which politicians gather, stand, and make their appeals.
Famous political platforms
- The Ninety-Five Theses of Martin Luther in 1517, opposed practices of the Catholic Church at that time (both a religion and a political territory), and led to the establishment of Protestantism
- Thomas Paine's pamphlet Common Sense (1776) advocated freedom from the rule of Great Britain for the American Colonists and proposed a constitution for the new United States
- Friedrich Engels and Karl Marx's 1848 Communist Manifesto, called for the abolition of private property and applied a scientific understanding to the development of society through socialism into a society without money-usage, social classes, or state coercion, which would be called "communism"
- Franklin Roosevelt's 1932 New Deal
- The 1948 United States Democratic Party's platform including civil rights
- Lyndon Baines Johnson's War on Poverty, 1965
- The 1993 Liberal Party of Canada Red Book
- The 1994 Republican congressional Contract with America
- Mike Harris's 1995 Common Sense Revolution
- 100-Hour Plan of the United States Democratic Party in 2006
- Election promise
- Government platform
- List of democracy and elections-related topics
- Mandate (politics)
- Party line (politics)
- Stump speech (politics)
- "Manifesto". Merriam Webster. Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- Stein, Jeff (2016-07-12). "We asked 8 political scientists if party platforms matter. Here's what we learned.". Vox. Retrieved 2016-07-19.
- "Platform". Merriam Webster. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- "Platform". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- Platforms of U.S. political parties, 1840-present from the American Presidency Project at the University of California, Santa Barbara
- Electronic Manifestos Canada Manifestos of Canada's major political parties since 1949