Partido Ortodoxo

Orthodox Party
President (last) Emilio Ochoa
Founder Eduardo Chibás
Founded May 15, 1947 (1947-05-15)
Dissolved 1959 (1959)
Split from Authentic Party
Merged into 26th of July Movement
Headquarters Havana
Newspaper CMQ Radio (FM)
Youth wing Juventud Ortodoxa
Ideology Cuban nationalism
International affiliation None
Colors      Black
Slogan "Shame against money"
(Vergüenza contra dinero)

The Party of the Cuban People – Orthodox (Spanish: Partido del Pueblo Cubano – Ortodoxo, PPC-O), commonly called Orthodox Party (Spanish: Partido Ortodoxo, PO), was a Cuban left-wing populist political party. It was founded in 1947 by Eduardo Chibás in response to perceived government corruption and lack of reform. Its primary aims were the establishment of a distinct national identity, economic independence and the implementation of social reforms.


In the 1948 general elections Chibás came third in the presidential election, whilst the party won four seats in the House of Representatives. In the 1950 mid-term elections they won nine. Chibás' cousin, Roberto Agramonte, was the favorite to win the 1952 election (for the Orthodoxos) but Fulgencio Batista staged a coup before the winner was determined.

Fidel Castro was an active member of the Ortodoxo Party in the late 1940s and early 1950s. He intended to run as an Ortodoxo Party candidate for the Cuban parliament prior to the coup by Batista.[1][2]

Ideology and composition

The Orthodox Party was a catch-all party, open to the all that wanted join to it. Like a populist party, there weren't internal factions or organizations, but only the support to the Eduardo Chibás' goals and ideals. With this opening, the party's composition were miscellaneous:

Political agenda


  1. Jules Robert Benjamin (1990), The United States and the Origins of the Cuban Revolution, Princeton University Press, ISBN 978-0-691-02536-0, ISBN 0691025363
  2. Castro biography
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