Central American jaguar

Central American jaguar
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Panthera [1]
Species: P. onca
Binomial name
Panthera onca
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The Central American jaguar was proposed as a subspecies of jaguar, native to Colombia and Central America, with the taxonomic name Panthera onca centralis (Mearns, 1901).[2][3] In 1939, due to lack of evidence, Reginald Innes Pocock accepted that other proposed subspecies of jaguars, from the southern part of the United States to Colombia, such as Panthera onca arizonensis and Panthera onca hernandesii, and Panthera onca centralis were one subspecies, before recent tests failed to establish evidence for different subspecies of jaguar.[4] Therefore, the name Panthera onca centralis referred to a geographic group, if not subspecies, of jaguars, from the United States and Mexico in the north, Central America in the middle, and Colombia in the south.[3][5]

See also


  1. Wozencraft, W.C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 546–548. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. Baker, Taxonomy, pp. 5–7.
  3. 1 2 Seymour, K.L. (1989). "Panthera onca" (PDF). Mammalian Species. 340 (340): 1–9. doi:10.2307/3504096. JSTOR 3504096. Retrieved 2015-09-09.
  4. Larson, Shawn E. (1997). "Taxonomic re-evaluation of the jaguar". Zoo Biology. 16 (2): 107–120. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-2361(1997)16:2<107::AID-ZOO2>3.0.CO;2-E.
  5. Ruiz-Garcia, M.; Payan, E; Murillo, A.; Alvarez, D. (2006). "DNA microsatellite characterization of the jaguar (Panthera onca) in Colombia" (PDF). Genes & Genetic Systems. 81 (2): 115–127. doi:10.1266/ggs.81.115. Retrieved 2015-09-10.

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