Golosov graduated from the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture in 1911. From 1918 he taught at the State Free Artist Studios (Svomas), then at VKhUTEMAS and at the Moscow Architectural Institute. He later became a member of the OSA Group.
- 1919 - Worked under Alexey Shchusev and Ivan Zholtovsky on Moscow City planning.
- 1923 - Series of pavilions for the All-Russian Agricultural and Handicraft Industries Exhibition, Moscow.
- 1924 - Competition entry for the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes.
- 1930–1934 - Designed and built the headquarters and printing works for the Pravda newspaper, Moscow.
- Cooke, Catherine, (et al.) (1990). Architectural Drawings of the Russian Avant-Garde. The Museum of Modern Art. ISBN 0-87070-556-3.