In March 455 his father become Emperor after the death of Valentinian III. Petronius appointed Palladius Caesar and had him marry Eudocia, the elder daughter of Valentinian. However, Eudocia had been betrothed to Huneric, son of the King of the Vandals Genseric, who retaliated sacking Rome. Petronius died stoned by an angry mob (April 455), a fate probably shared by Palladius.
- Hydatius, Chronica, s.a. 455.31
- According to Henning (p. 30), Palladius married Placidia, Valentinian's younger daughter.
- Henning, Dirk, Periclitans res Publica: Kaisertum und Eliten in der Krise des Weströmischen Reiches 454/5-493 n. Chr. Stuttgart 1999, ISBN 3-515-07485-6.
- Mathisen, Ralph, "Palladius", De Imperatoribus Romanis