Duchy of Palatine Neuburg
Herzogtum Pfalz-Neuburg
State of the Holy Roman Empire (until 1806)

Coat of arms

Capital Neuburg an der Donau
Languages Austro-Bavarian
Religion Calvinism
Government Principality
Count Palatine
   1505–59 Otto Henry
  1653–90 Philip William
  1742–99 Charles Theodore
Historical era Middle Ages
   Established July 30, 1505
  Ceded to Zweibrücken 1557
  Sulzbach separated 1614
  Merged with the Electorate of the Palatinate 1685
   Disestablished 1808
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Electorate of the Palatinate

Palatine Neuburg (German: Herzogtum Pfalz-Neuburg) is a former territory of the Holy Roman Empire, founded in 1505 by a branch of the House of Wittelsbach. Its capital was Neuburg an der Donau. Its area was about 2,750 km², with a population of some 100,000.


Timeline of Palatinate-Neuburg
view  discuss  
1505 - Duchy was created
1557 - Ceded to another family
1608 - Joined the Protestant Union
1808 - Duchy was abolished

The Duchy of Pfalz-Neuburg was created in 1505 as the result of the Landshut War of Succession and existed until 1799 or 1808. After the so-called Kölner Spruch (Verdict of Cologne) the duchy was created from the territories north of the Danube for Otto Henry and Philipp, the sons of Ruprecht of the Palatinate. While they were minors, their grandfather Philip, Elector Palatine, ruled the duchy until his death in 1508, followed by Elector Frederick II. In 1557 Otto Henry ceded his duchy (the so-called Young Palatinate) to Count Palaine Wolfgang of Zweibrücken. The eldest son of Wolfgang, Philipp Louis, founded in 1569 the elder line of Palatine Zweibrücken-Neuburg, from which the Palatine Sulzbach lineage was separated in 1614.

Pfalz-Neuburg joined the Protestant Union in 1608. In 1800, the duchy was invaded by the France and on June 26, 1800, the Habsburg, Württemberg and Bavarian armies fought a battle there. After fighting for most of a day, the Coalition armies withdrew. Neuburg was occupied by the French, and General Ney established his headquarters in the castle there.[1]

The Duchy of Palatine Neuburg was abolished in 1808. In the partition of Bavaria in 1837 Pfalz-Neuburg was joined with Swabia but became a part of Upper Bavaria in the 1970s.

Dukes of Palatine Neuburg

House of Palatine Zweibrücken-Neuburg

With the death of Elector Charles Philip in 1742 all his territories including the state of Palatine Neuburg passed to the Palatine Sulzbach line of the Wittelsbach dynasty. Charles Theodor of the Sulzbach line was a descendant of Augustus, Count Palatine of Sulzbach, a brother of Wolfgang Wilhelm.

House of Palatine Sulzbach

House of Palatine Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld

See also


  1. Marceau, p 105.
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