PM M1910

Maxim's Machine Gun Model 1910/30
Type Heavy machine gun
Place of origin  Russian Empire
 Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1910–present
Used by See users
Wars World War I, Russian Revolution, Russian Civil War, Polish–Soviet War, Finnish Civil War, Spanish Civil War, Winter War, Chinese Civil War, World War II, Second Sino-Japanese War, Korean War, Vietnam War, War in Donbass
Production history
Designed 1909–10[1]
Produced 1910–39
Weight 64.3 kg (139.6 lbs)
Length 1,067 mm (42 in)
Barrel length 721 mm (28.4 in)

Cartridge 7.62×54mmR
Action Short recoil, toggle locked
Rate of fire 600 round/min
Muzzle velocity 740 m/s (2,427 ft/s)
Feed system 250-round belt

The PM M1910 (Russian: Пулемёт Максима образца 1910 года, Pulemyot Maxima obraztsa 1910 goda or "Maxim's machine gun model 1910") was a heavy machine gun used by the Imperial Russian Army during World War I and the Red Army during Russian Civil War and World War II. Later, the gun saw service in the Korean War and the Vietnam War, and some have been spotted in the recent War in Donbass.


It was adopted in 1910 and was derived from Hiram Maxim's Maxim gun, chambered for the standard Russian 7.62×54mmR rifle cartridge. The M1910 was mounted on a wheeled mount with a gun shield and was replaced in Soviet service by the SG-43 Goryunov, which retained the wheeled and shielded carriage, starting in 1943. However, production of the Maxim did not end until 1945. In addition to the main infantry version, there were aircraft-mounted and naval variants. Some were fitted with a tractor radiator cap fitted on top of the water jacket to allow handfuls of snow to be packed in to melt while firing.



See also


  1. 1 2 3 4 Семён Федосеев. Столетие легендарного "Максима" // журнал "Мастер-ружьё", № 11 (164), ноябрь 2010. стр.40-46
  2. 1 2 Lugosi, József (2008). "Gyalogsági fegyverek 1868–2008". In Lugosi, József; Markó, György. Hazánk dicsőségére: 160 éves a Magyar Honvédség. Budapest: Zrínyi Kiadó. p. 382-383. ISBN 978-963-327-461-3.


External links

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