P-800 Oniks

Yakhont/Onyx missile

Yakhont/Onyx missile at MAKS Airshow in Zhukovskiy, 1997.
Type anti-ship cruise missile
Place of origin Soviet Union/Russia
Service history
In service 2002–present[1]
Used by See Operators
Production history
Manufacturer NPO Mashinostroyeniya
Produced 1987–present
Weight 3,000 kg (6,614 lb)
Length 8.9 m (29.2 ft)
Diameter 0.7 m (2.3 ft)
Warhead 250 kg (551 lb) semi-armour piercing HE
delay fuze

Engine Ramjet
4 tons of thrust
Wingspan 1.7 m (5.6 ft)
Propellant kerosene liquid fuel
600 km (370 mi; 320 nmi) (Oniks version for Russia)
120 to 300 km (75 to 186 mi; 65 to 162 nmi) depending on altitude (Yakhont export version)
Flight ceiling 14,000 m
Flight altitude 10 meters or higher
Speed Mach 2.5
midcourse inertial guidance, active radar homing-passive radar seeker head
coastal installations, naval ship, Fixed-wing aircraft

The P-800 Oniks (Russian: П-800 Оникс; English: Onyx), also known in export markets as Yakhont (Russian: Яхонт; English: ruby), is a Soviet/Russian supersonic anti-ship cruise missile developed by NPO Mashinostroyeniya as a ramjet version of P-80 Zubr. Its GRAU designation is 3M55, the air launched Kh-61 variant also exists. Development officially started in 1983, and by 2001 allowed the launch of the missile from land, sea, air and submarine. The missile has the NATO reporting codename SS-N-26 "Strobile". It is reportedly a replacement for the P-270 Moskit, but possibly also for the P-700 Granit. The P-800 was used as the basis for the joint Russian-Indian supersonic missile BrahMos.[2]


The missile is carried in flight by aerodynamic lift. The solid-propellant booster is located in the ramjet's combustion chamber and is ejected by the airflow after it has burned out.

Standard batteries of the K-300 Bastion-P (Бастион-П-Подвижный):


Operational history


In 2010 Sergei Prikhodko, senior adviser to the Russian President, has said that Russia intends to deliver P-800 to Syria based on the contracts signed in 2007.[3][4] Syria received 2 Bastion missile systems with 36 missiles each (72 in total).[5] The missiles' test was broadcast by Syrian state TV.[6]

In May 2013, Russia continued the contract delivery to the Syrian government supplying missiles with an advanced radar to make them more effective to counter any future foreign military invasion.[7][8] The warehouse containing the Bastion Missile was destroyed in an Israeli air strike on Latakia on 5 July 2013, but US intelligence analysts believe that some missiles had been removed before the attack.[9]


Radar homing head



Map with P-800 operators in blue

Current operators


  1. "MIC "NPO mashinostroyenia" - History". Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  2. "Brahmos Missiles - The Hans India". www.thehansindia.com. Retrieved 2015-11-22.
  3. "BBC News - Syria crisis: Russia 'sends sophisticated weapons'". BBC News. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  4. "Despite Israeli protests, Russia won't halt arms sale to Syria". Haaretz.com. 30 August 2010. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  5. "Bastion missile systems to protect Russian naval base in Syria". Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  6. "Syria Navy with Yakhont missile.flv". YouTube. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  7. "BBC News - Syria crisis: US rues Russian missiles sent to Damascus". BBC News. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  8. Russia Sends More Advanced Missiles to Aid Assad in Syria
  9. Gordon, Michael R. (31 July 2013). "Some Syria Missiles Eluded Israeli Strike, Officials Say". New York Times.
  10. http://rbth.co.uk/science_and_tech/2013/08/08/russian_supersonic_missiles_behave_like_wolves_28781.html
  11. http://inbsite.com/missiles.html
  12. http://www.granit-electron.ru/products/mil/complex/yahont_head/
  13. http://www.npomash.ru/press/ru/podrobnee020915.htm?l=0
  14. Amos Harel and Gili Cohen: Hezbollah: From terror group to army, Haaretz, 12 July 2016. Quote: "Hezbollah now [as compared to 2006] has Yakhont missiles with a longer range, better precision and diverse launching options." . Retrieved 13 July 2016.
  15. Koh Swee Lean Collin (31 May 2011). "Indonesia's Anti-ship Missiles: New Development In Naval Capabilities – Analysis". Eurasia Review. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  16. "Ракетный комплекс "Бастион" будет защищать берега Анапы". Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  17. Wertheim, Eric (2007). The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World: Their Ships, Aircraft, and Systems. Naval Institute Press. p. 625. ISBN 9781591149552.
  18. "Nakat". Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  19. "Russia parades Bastion-P in Crimea". Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  20. http://www.armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2015/1009/145031589/detail.shtml
  21. http://sputniknews.com/russia/20160221/1035124038/russia-northern-fleet-bastion.html
  22. http://tass.com/defense/907916
  23. http://sputnikimages.com/en/site/feature/527850/
  24. http://www.maritime-executive.com/article/russias-first-yasen-class-submarine-is-combat-ready
  25. "Lenta.ru: Наука и техника: Россия поставила Сирии противокорабельные комплексы "Бастион"". Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  26. Haaretz (1 December 2011). "Report: Russia delivers supersonic cruise missiles to Syria". Haaretz. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
  27. "/ / «»". 24 October 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  28. "Indonesia's Anti-ship Missiles: New Development In Naval Capabilities - Analysis". Eurasia Review. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
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