Coordinates: TR 41°37′41″N 27°30′44″E / 41.62806°N 27.51222°E / 41.62806; 27.51222Coordinates: TR 41°37′41″N 27°30′44″E / 41.62806°N 27.51222°E / 41.62806; 27.51222
Country  Turkey
Province Kırklareli
  Mayor Mustafa Cingöz (CHP )
  Kaymakam Mevlüt Özmen
  District 576.08 km2 (222.43 sq mi)
Elevation 189 m (620 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
  Urban 11,021
  District 19,686
  District density 34/km2 (89/sq mi)
Post code 39300

Pınarhisar, ancient Brysis (Βρύσις in Ancient Greek), is a large town and district of Kırklareli Province in the Marmara region of Turkey. The mayor is Mustafa Cingöz (CHP). The population is 10,463 as of 2010.

The town was a part of the defensive line Lüleburgaz - Karaağaç - Bunarhisar during the First Balkan War. The former spelling of its name was Bunarhisar. The settlement was captured by Bulgarians in the First Balkan War but was taken back by the Ottoman Empire in the course of the Second Balkan War.


According to Turkish government resources, Pınarhisar was founded during the reign of Theodosius II, by c. 425, under the name "Brysis" meaning "spring" in Greek. The town's fortress was built during the Byzantine era. In 1190, the town was significantly damaged by Crusader occupation. It was attacked by Tatars in 1264.[3][4]

The town was captured by the Ottomans in 1368, by the forces under the command of Ghazi Mihal, as a part of a campaign led by Murad I.[3]

Christian bishopric

The first mention of the archdiocese of Brysis is in an early 10th-century Notitia Episcopatuum associated with Emperor Leo VI the Wise. Extant documents record the names of three of its ancient archbishops: John took part in the Second Council of Nicaea in 787; Nicetas was at the Photian Council of Constantinople (879) dell'879; Leo was one of the signatories of a decree of Patriarch Alexius of Constantinople in 1027.[5][6][7]

During the Fourth Crusade Brysis became a Latin Church archbishopric under the name Verissa (of Thrace).[8]

No longer a residential bishopric, Brysis is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[9]


  1. "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. 1 2 "Tarihi Yapı". Pınarhisar Governorate. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  5. Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 428
  6. Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, Vol. I, coll. 1187-1188
  7. Gaetano Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica, vol. 6, p. 151 e vol. 93, p. 322
  8. Raymond Janin, La hiérarchie ecclésiastique dans le diocèse de Thrace, in Revue des études byzantines, tome 17, 1959. pp. 136-149, in particolare p. 143; e Darrouzès Jean (recensione di): Giorgio Fedalto, La Chiesa latina in Oriente. II. Hierarchia latina Orientis, in Revue des études byzantines, 1977, vol. 35, n° 1, pp. 302-303, in particolare p. 303.
  9. Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 853

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