|3rd Prime Minister of Georgia|
August 20, 1993 – October 5, 1995
|Preceded by||Tengiz Sigua|
Bakur Gulua (acting);|
Position abolished;Nikoloz Lekishvili as the State Minister of Georgia
15 May 1929|
Ingiri, Zugdidi District, Georgian SSR, Soviet Union
A former Communist bureaucrat and enterprise manager, Patsatsia led the Georgian cabinet, with Eduard Shevardnadze as Georgia's Head of State, during the years of civil strife and economic crisis. His appointment as Prime Minister was an attempt to placate the supporters of President Zviad Gamsakhurdia, militarily ousted in 1992, as Patsatsia was from Zugdidi, the powerbase of Gamsakhurdia loyalists. After holding a seat in the Parliament of Georgia from 1995 to 1999, he has played no role in politics since then.
Early life and career
Otar Patsatsia was born in the family of Ambako Patsatsia and Luba Patsatsia in the village of Ingiri, Zugdidi District in the Georgian SSR. Trained at the Leningrad Institute of Technology as an engineer, he became a Communist party functionary in Zugdidi, serving as the First Secretary of the local Communist Party Committee from 1955 until being sacked in 1965. In 1966 he became a Director of the Zugdidi Paper Factory, a large enterprise, which he led for nearly 25 years until 1990. In the last years of the Soviet Union, he was elected a Soviet People's Deputy from 1989 to 1990 and awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labour.
Political career in independent Georgia
In 1992, Eduard Shevardnadze – a veteran Soviet politician, who became Georgia's Head of State shortly after the violent overthrow of President Zviad Gamsakhurdia – appointed Patsatsia as the head of Zugdidi district administration. Zugdidi was the principal powerbase of the Gamsakhurdia loyalists – the "Zviadists" – who continued their resistance, frequently with arms in hands, to the new regime and its undisciplined paramilitary groups. Shevardnadze's promotion of Patsatsia, a Zugdidi native with extensive ties with the local community, was an attempt to appease Gamsakhurdia's supporters.
After the collapse of the government of Tengiz Sigua on August 5, 1993, Shevardnadze nominated Patsatsia as a new prime minister. He won approval in the parliament on August 20, 1993. He retained his post in the September 7, 1993 reshuffle of the cabinet. The two years of Patsatsia's tenure was marked by increasingly chaotic political environment, violent power struggles, military setback in the secessionist war in Abkhazia, a full-scale civil war with the pro-Gamsakhurdia forces, and severe economic crisis, followed by controversial economical and military agreements with Russia. He was no reformer and had a conservative view of economic development, for example, privatization. Patsatsia resigned on October 5, 1995, to stand for the parliamentary election, in which he ran as a non-party candidate from Zugdidi and won a majoritarian seat for the next four years.
- Wheatley, Jonathan (2005), Georgia from National Awakening to Rose Revolution, pp. 77, 82, 100. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., ISBN 0-7546-4503-7
- "Otar Patsatsia", in: The International Who's Who 2004, p. 1293. Routledge, ISBN 1-85743-217-7
- Dawisha, Karen & Parrott, Bruce (1997), Conflict, cleavage, and change in Central Asia and the Caucasus, p. 189. Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-59731-5
- Patsatsia Otar. The Parliament of Georgia, 1995-1999. Retrieved on April 9, 2011
|Prime Minister of Georgia
| Succeeded by|