Born: October 14, 1896|
Died: October 6, 1954 57) (aged|
|Negro league baseball debut|
|1915, Indianapolis ABCs|
|1941, Philadelphia Stars|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Member of the National|
|Baseball Hall of Fame|
|Election Method||Negro League Committee|
Born in Indianapolis, Indiana, Charleston joined the Army at 15 and served in the Philippines. After returning to the United States, he immediately began his baseball career with the Indianapolis ABC's in 1915. He served as a player and/or manager for the ABCs, Chicago American Giants, Lincoln Stars, St. Louis Giants, Harrisburg Giants, Philadelphia Hilldales, Homestead Grays, and Pittsburgh Crawfords.
Negro leagues career
An intense, focused, and intelligent man, Charleston was among the most renowned players of his time, a tremendous power and contact hitter and one of the finest defensive center fielders of all-time. His career batting average was .348, and he regularly finished among league leaders in both home runs and stolen bases. He was also known for his combative nature, getting into many brawls, including at least one memorable fight with an array of Cuban soldiers.
In 1932, Charleston became player-manager of the Pittsburgh Crawfords and presided over what some baseball historians consider the best Negro league team ever. His roster included Hall of Famers Josh Gibson, Satchel Paige, and Judy Johnson. The team went 99-36, and Charleston himself batted .363.
In addition to his tremendous play in the Negro leagues, Charleston excelled in exhibition play against all-white major league teams, batting .318 with 11 home runs in 53 games. Contemporary observers compared his play to that of Tris Speaker and Babe Ruth. Some baseball historians consider him one of the greatest players in history. He died at age 57 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Election to Baseball Hall of Fame
Charleston was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1976. In 1999, he was ranked #67 on The Sporting News list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players, one of five players so honored who played all or most of their careers in pre-1947 black leagues. He was also nominated as a finalist for the Major League Baseball All-Century Team. Baseball writer Bill James, in his The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract, ranked Charleston as the fourth-best player of all-time.
- "A.B.C.'s Take Three From The Sprudels" Indianapolis Star, Indianapolis, IN, Wednesday, May 19, 1915, Page 10, Column 6
- "Hilldale Team Wins" Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, PA, August 6, 1919, Page 12
- "Harrisburg Takes Two From Chester Team" Chester Times, Chester, PA, Monday, July 28, 1924, Page 8, Column 1
- Lawrence D. Hogan, Shades of Glory, p. 385.
- The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract 2001, p.189, (ISBN 0-684-80697-5)
- Negro league and Cuban League statistics and player information from Seamheads.com, or Baseball-Reference (Negro leagues)
- Oscar Charleston at NegroLeagueBaseball.com
- Oscar Charleston at Negro League Players Association
- Find a Grave Bio