Government of Ontario

Government of Ontario
Gouvernement de l'Ontario (French)

Formation 1867
Country Canada
Legislative branch
Legislature Legislative Assembly
Meeting place Legislative Building
Executive branch
Main body Executive Council
Head of Government Premier
Viceregal Representative Lieutenant Governor
Meeting place Whitney Block
Judicial branch
Court Superior Court of Justice
Seat Toronto
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The Government of Ontario (French: Gouvernement de l'Ontario) is the provincial government of the province of Ontario, Canada. Its powers and structure are set out in the Constitution Act, 1867.

In modern Canadian use the term "government" refers broadly to the cabinet (formally the Executive Council of Ontario) of the day, selected from members the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, and to the non-political civil service staff within each provincial department or agency. The civil service that manages and delivers government policies, programs, and services is called the Ontario Public Service.

The province of Ontario is governed by a unicameral legislature, the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, which operates in the Westminster system of government. The political party that wins the largest number of seats in the legislature normally forms the government, and the party's leader becomes premier of the province, i.e., the head of government.

Due to the location of the Ontario Legislative Building on the grounds of Queen's Park, the Ontario government is frequently referred to by the metonym "Queen's Park".[1]

Awards and recognition

The Ontario Public Service was named one of "Canada's Top 100 Employers" by Maclean's newsmagazine in 2009, and again in 2010. The Ontario Public Service was also named one of Greater Toronto's Top Employers by the Toronto Star in 2009, and was named one of "Canada's Best Diversity Employers" in 2009 by Bank of Montreal[2]

Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario

Further information: Monarchy in Ontario

The functions of the Sovereign, Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, and known in Ontario as the Queen in Right of Ontario, are exercised by the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario. The Lieutenant Governor is appointed by the Governor General of Canada on the recommendation of the Prime Minister of Canada, in consultation with the Premier of Ontario.

Executive powers

The Ontario Government Buildings, in downtown Toronto, contain the head offices of several provincial ministries.

The executive powers in the province lie with the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, but these are practiced almost always on the advice of the Premier of Ontario and the rest of the Executive Council of Ontario (Cabinet).

Legislative powers

The Ontario Legislative Building is the seat of the Legislative Assembly.

The legislative powers in the province lie with the Legislative Assembly of Ontario. The premier and other ministers in the Cabinet are also members of, and responsible to, the legislature.


For the 2013-2014 fiscal year, the Ontario government planned to spend {{currency}} – invalid code (help), including a deficit of {{currency}} – invalid code (help).[3]


As of March 31, 2014 the total Ontario debt stood at $295.80 billion.[4]

See also


  1. "Legacy of a People's Park". Education Portal. Legislative Assembly of Ontario. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  2. "Reasons for Selection, 2009 Canada's Top 100 Employers and 2009 Canada's Best Diversity Employers Competitions".
  3. "2013 Ontario Budget" (PDF). Ontario Financing Authority. 3 May 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  4. "Ontario 2014 Budget" (PDF). Ontario Financing Authority. 1 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014.

External links

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