On the Councils and the Church

On the Councils and the Church (1539) is a treatise on ecclesiology written by Protestant reformer Martin Luther late in life.

On the Councils and the Church is best known for its teaching, in the third part of the book, of the "seven marks of the Church", of which the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church can be recognized. These marks are:

  1. holy word of God, effective means of grace
  2. holy sacrament of baptism, regeneration
  3. holy sacrament of the altar
  4. office of keys exercised publicly, although not the office of pope. Includes also private confession as a means of grace.
  5. it consecrates or calls ministers, or has offices, that is, to administer, bishops, pastors, preachers, but not women.
  6. prayer, public praise, and thanksgiving to God, the liturgy
  7. holy possession of the sacred cross, suffering and carrying the cross as followers of Christ.

English translation

Luther's Works: vol. 41

See also

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 4/11/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.