|Date of birth:||May 1, 1930|
|Place of birth:||Trinity, Texas|
|Date of death:||February 19, 2011 80)(aged|
|Place of death:||Los Angeles|
|NFL Draft:||1952 / Round: 1 / Pick: 3|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Career NFL statistics|
|Olympic medal record|
|Representing the United States|
|1952 Helsinki||4 × 400 metres relay|
|1952 Helsinki||400 metres|
Ollie Genoa Matson II (May 1, 1930 – February 19, 2011) was an American Olympic medal winning sprinter and professional American football running back who played in the National Football League (NFL) from 1952 to 1966. Drafted into the NFL by the Chicago Cardinals, Matson was traded to the Los Angeles Rams for nine players following the 1958 season.
Matson was named to the Pro Bowl six times during the course of his career and was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1972. His 2011 death due to complications associated with dementia was posthumously linked to Chronic traumatic encephalopathy.
Ollie Matson graduated from George Washington High School in San Francisco in 1948.
Matson attended the City College of San Francisco prior to transferring to the University of San Francisco. While in school, Matson became a member of Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity. In 1951, Matson's senior year at USF, he led the nation in rushing yardage and touchdowns en route to leading the Dons to an undefeated season. He was selected as an All-American and finished ninth in Heisman Trophy balloting that year.
Despite its 9-0 record, the 1951 San Francisco team was not invited to a bowl game. It was later reported that the Orange, Sugar and Gator Bowls—all hosted in the Deep South—did not consider inviting any teams that had African American players, and USF refused to play without its two African-American members.
Matson was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1976.
Prior to joining the National Football League in 1952, Matson competed in track and field as part of the United States Olympic Team in the 1952 Summer Olympics at Helsinki, Finland. Matson won a bronze medal in the 400-meter run and a silver medal as part of the United States 4x400-meter relay team.
Ollie Matson was Drafted in the first round of the 1952 NFL draft by the Chicago Cardinals, third pick overall. He went on to share 1952 Rookie of the Year honors with Hugh McElhenny of the San Francisco 49ers.
During the 1957 season, Matson was used extensively as a wide receiver by Chicago Cardinals head coach Ray Richards. Matson's productivity at the position was questioned in the wake of the team's 3 win, 9 loss finish, with some observers arguing that Matson's effectiveness as a running back was diminished by such use. New Cardinals head coach for 1958 Frank "Pop" Ivy took strong exception to such criticism of Matson lining up as a wide out, declaring:
"I have heard people say that the Cards stuck Matson out there on the flank as a 'decoy' on pass plays, and then forgot about him. That is absurd. He was sent out as flanker with the idea of throwing to him. But most opponents feared him so much that they doubled up on him. They watched him just as closely when he lines up as running back. They'd double team him if he were sitting up in the grandstand eating hot dogs, just to make sure."
Matson finished the aforementioned 1957 campaign as the NFL's sixth most prolific running back, with 577 yards gained in 134 carries, for a 4.3 yard average, with 6 touchdowns. To this he added 20 catches for 451 yards and 3 touchdowns through the air.
Following the 1958 season, Matson was traded by the Cardinals to the league's marquee franchise, the Los Angeles Rams, for nine players. Matson would later play for the Detroit Lions and the Philadelphia Eagles, earning Pro Bowl honors six times in his career (1952 and 1954–1958).
When Matson retired in 1966, his 12,799 career all-purpose yards were second only to Jim Brown.
Matson was inducted to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1972.
He married his wife Mary, whom he met when both were San Francisco teenagers in the mid-1940s, in 1952. He and Mary lived in the same Los Angeles home from the time he played for the Los Angeles Rams until his death. The site is being nominated as the 'Ollie and Mary Matson Residence', a City of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument.
In his later years Matson suffered from dementia (he had been mostly bedridden for several years), which was linked to Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a progressive degenerative disease, diagnosed post-mortem in individuals with a history of multiple concussions and other forms of head injury.
On February 19, 2011, Ollie Matson died of dementia complications (respiratory failure) surrounded by family at his home in Los Angeles, California . According to his nephew, Matson hadn't spoken in the four years prior to his passing.
- List of college football yearly rushing leaders
- List of NCAA major college football yearly scoring leaders
- Ollie Matson Story: https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=N9Z2M1TbuNw#!
- Cooper Rollow, "Cardinals: 1958 Season May Determine Cards' Future in the Windy City", in 1958 Pro Football. Los Angeles, California: Petersen Publishing Co., 1958; pg. 80.
- "Official 1957 NFL Season Statistics", 1958 Pro Football. Los Angeles, California: Petersen Publishing Co., 1958; pp. 86-90.
- Eisenberg, 2009, pg. 10
- Ollie Matson Obituary http://www.legacy.com/ns/obituary.aspx?n=ollie-matson&pid=148772388
- Aggression, explosivity linked to multiple concussions in new study http://www.latimes.com/health/boostershots/la-heb-aggression-concussions-20121203,0,7539049.story
- John Eisenberg, That First Season:: How Vince Lombardi Took the Worst Team in the NFL and Set It on the Path to Glory. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Co., 2009.
- Ollie Matson at the Pro Football Hall of Fame
- Ollie Matson at the College Football Hall of Fame
- Career statistics and player information from NFL.com • Pro-Football-Reference