Ocracoke, North Carolina
|Ocracoke, North Carolina|
Ocracoke, North Carolina
Location within the state of North Carolina
|Coordinates: 35°6′46″N 75°58′33″W / 35.11278°N 75.97583°WCoordinates: 35°6′46″N 75°58′33″W / 35.11278°N 75.97583°W|
|• Total||9.6 sq mi (24.9 km2)|
|• Land||9.6 sq mi (24.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||3 ft (1 m)|
|• Density||99/sq mi (38/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1021718|
Ocracoke // is a census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated town located at the southern end of Ocracoke Island, located entirely within Hyde County, North Carolina. The population was 948 as of the 2010 Census. As of 2014, Ocracoke's population was 591. It is also the location of the pirate Blackbeard's death in November 1718.
The Outer Banks area was occasionally visited by Algonquian-speaking Native Americans, but was never permanently settled. Ocracoke, then called Wokokkon, was used as a subsistence hunting and fishing ground for the Hatterask Indians. Yaupon Tea or Black Drink, made from the dried leaves of the indigenous yaupon, a native holly, was used ceremonially by the Native Americans in the area. A small village on Hatteras Island is said to have had forty fighting men. The area was first described in detail by Giovanni da Verrazzano, an Italian navigator, in 1524. Verrazzano was unable to navigate the tortuous channels leading into the Pamlico Sound and assumed that China lay beyond the Outer Banks.
An attempt at an English settlement was tried at Roanoke Island in the late 16th century, but it failed. This effectively halted European settlement until 1663, when Carolina Colony was chartered by King Charles II. However, remote Ocracoke Island was not permanently settled until 1750, being a pirate haven at times before then. It was a favorite anchorage of Edward Teach, better known as the pirate Blackbeard. He was killed in a fierce battle with troops from Virginia on November 22, 1718. The grounds of what is now the Springer's Point Nature Preserve were said to be the pirate's favored hang-out during those days.
Throughout the mid-to-late 18th century, the Island was home to a number of especially skilled schooner pilots, who could get smaller ships through the inlet to the Pamlico Sound. As population increased on the mainland, demand for transshipment of goods from ocean-going vessels increased. The population was listed as 139 in the 1800 census. Warehouses were built to hold goods off-loaded from larger ships offshore and then loaded onto smaller schooners to be delivered to plantations and towns along the mainland rivers.
By the late 19th century, the shipping business was gone, and the United States Lifesaving Service became a major source of steady income for local men. Fishing, including charters for tourists, became more important to the livelihood of the area.
In August and September 1933 and again in September 1944 and August 1949 major hurricanes struck the island. Interestingly the first person accounts of these storms were recorded on the walls of the "Hurricane House."
Fort Ocracoke, a Confederate fortification constructed at the beginning of the American Civil War, was situated on Beacon Island in Ocracoke Inlet, two miles to the west-southwest of Ocracoke village. The octagonally shaped fort was built on a previous War of 1812 site. It was also known as Fort Morgan or possibly Fort Morris and at one point nearly 500 Confederate troops were stationed in and around Ocracoke and the fort. The Confederates abandoned and partially destroyed the fort in August 1861 after Union victories on nearby Hatteras Island. Union forces razed it a month later on September 17, 1861. Beacon Island and the fort subsided beneath the waves of the inlet after the 1933 hurricanes that struck the area. The remnants of Fort Ocracoke were relocated and identified in 1998 by the Surface Interval Diving Company.
The island of Ocracoke is a part of the Outer Banks of North Carolina. It is one of the most remote islands in the Outer Banks, as it can only be reached by one of three public ferries (two of which are toll ferries), private boat, or private plane. Other than the village of Ocracoke and a few other areas (a ferry terminal, a pony pen, a small runway), the entire island is part of the Cape Hatteras National Seashore.
The village of Ocracoke is located around a small sheltered harbor called Silver Lake, with a second smaller residential area built around a series of man-made canals called Oyster Creek. The village is located at the widest point of the island, protected from the Atlantic Ocean by sand dunes and a salt marsh. The average height of the island is less than five feet above sea level, and many of the buildings on the island are built on pilings to lift them off the ground. Flooding is a risk during both hurricanes and large storms. Ocracoke Lighthouse is situated near Silver Lake and has remained in continuous operation since 1823.
The island is also home to a British cemetery. During World War II, German submarines sank several British ships including the HMT Bedfordshire, and the bodies of British sailors were washed ashore. They were buried in a cemetery on the island. A lease for the 2,290-square-foot (213 m2) plot, where a British flag flies at all times, was given to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission for as long as the land remained a cemetery, and the small site officially became a British cemetery. The United States Coast Guard station on Ocracoke Island takes care of the property. A memorial ceremony is held each year in May.
Ocracoke village is located at 35°6′46″N 75°58′33″W / 35.11278°N 75.97583°W (35.112687, -75.975895). According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 9.6 square miles (25 km2), of which, 9.6 square miles (25 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.62%) is water.
|Climate data for Ocracoke, North Carolina (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1957–present)|
|Record high °F (°C)|| 74
|Average high °F (°C)|| 49.6
|Daily mean °F (°C)|| 43.8
|Average low °F (°C)|| 38.0
|Record low °F (°C)|| 14
|Average precipitation inches (mm)|| 4.04
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||8.8||8.5||8.4||7.7||7.3||8.2||10.6||10.1||10.3||7.3||7.5||9.7||104.4|
A single paved two-lane road, NC 12, runs from the village at the southern end of the island to the ferry dock at the northern tip of the island, where a 40-minute-long free ferry connects to Hatteras Island. The second ferry dock, located in the village, has toll connections to Swan Quarter, North Carolina on the mainland and Cedar Island, near Atlantic, North Carolina.
Ocracoke Island Airport (FAA Identifier W95) is located slightly south-east of the village, allowing small aircraft to land. The average commute time on the island is 3 minutes. The National Average is 25 minutes.
The economy of Ocracoke Island is based almost entirely on tourism. During the winter, the population shrinks and only a few businesses remain open. During the spring, summer, and early fall, an influx of tourists occupy hotels, campgrounds and weekly rental houses — and day visitors arrive by ferry from Hatteras Island. Several bars, dozens of restaurants, and many shops, stores and other tourist-based businesses open for the tourist season. Visitors can find many shops that feature local, handmade goods, as well as imported artisinal goods and rare antiques, unusual for such a small island.
Commercial fishing contributes to the local economy with chartered sport fishing drawing tourism. With easy access to the Pamlico Sound, the Atlantic coast and the Gulf Stream, Ocracoke offers various fishing opportunities, from small Sound fish to tuna and drum.
On November 4, 1987, the world record 13 pound Spanish mackerel was caught on a boat owned by Woody Outlaw off Ocracoke. The fish that set this world record, exceeded the previous record by almost 20%.
During the winter, the island's only main employers are construction, the NC Department of Transportation and the businesses that support the small population. Many islanders use the winter as time off, since they tend to work between 60 and 80 hours a week during the tourist season.
Ocracoke Island historically had its own distinct dialect of English, often referred to as a brogue. A characteristic phrase is "high tide," pronounced somewhat like "hoi toid", Due to the influx of tourists and greater contact with the mainland in recent years, however, the Ocracoke brogue has been increasingly influenced by outside dialects.
As of 2010, there were 948 people residing in the CDP. The population density as of 2000 was 80.4 people per square mile (31.1/km²). In 2000, There were 784 housing units at an average density of 82.0/sq mi (31.7/km²) in 2000. As of 2010, The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.2% White, 1.6% African American, 0.6% from two or more races, 0.4% from Native American, and 0.2% Asian. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.1% of the population.
There were 370 households out of which 17.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.8% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were composed of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.55.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 13.0% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 34.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $34,315, and the median income for a family was $38,750. Males had a median income of $26,667 versus $25,625 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $18,032. About 7.7% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.8% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.
The residents of Ocracoke Island are served by the Ocracoke School (K-12), part of the Hyde County Schools, with a student population of 135 as of 2010. The island also has a small airport located southeast of the village on NC 12. Hyde County maintains the Ocracoke Volunteer Fire Department located on highway 12.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Talk Like A Tarheel, from the North Carolina Collection website at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2013-01-29.
- "Ocracoke's Most Famous Visitor". nps.gov. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- "Blackbeard the Pirate". ocracokeweb.com. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- "Ocracoke Island, North Carolina: A Research Guide". University of North Carolina's Library. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- Konstam, Angus (2006). Blackbeard : America's most notorious pirate.
- John Amrhein. "Ocracoke, North Carolina". treasureislandtheuntoldstory.com. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- The inlet appears as "Okok" in the map "A New Description of Carolina", engraved by Francis Lamb (London, Tho. Basset and Richard Chiswell, 1676).
- "The History behind Ocracoke Island". ocracokepreservation.org. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- Earl W. O'Neal, Jr. "OCRACOKE ISLAND HISTORY - Hyde County, NC". files.usgwarchives.net (USGenWeb Archives). Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- "A Brief History of Ocracoke". outerbankschamber.com. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- D. Moore. (1997) "A General History of Blackbeard the Pirate, the Queen Anne's Revenge and the Adventure". In Tributaries, Volume VII, 1997. pp. 31–35. (North Carolina Maritime History Council)
- Porter, Darwin; Prince, Danforth (2007). Frommers: The Carolinas & Georgia.
- "Ocracoke Newsletter: September 21, 2011". villagecraftsmen.com. 2011-09-21. Retrieved 2013-06-13.
- "Ocracoke's Favorite Residents". nps.gov. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- Cindy Price (2005-11-11). "Ocracoke in Fall: Gloriously Empty". nytimes.com. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Burlingame, Dr. William V. "Hurricane Boards". Ocracoke Newsletter. Village Craftsman. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
- "Fort Ocracoke". Ocracoke Navigator. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
- "Fort Ocracoke Submerged Archaeological Site". Surface Interval Diving Company. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
- "Outer Banks Ferries". outer-banks.com. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- "TripAdvisor: Ocracoke Traveler Article: Ocracoke: A Primer for the Ocracoke Ferries". tripadvisor.com. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- "Ocracoke History". ocracokeguide.com. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- "Ocracoke Island / Hyde County's Outer Banks". ocracoke-nc.com. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- Neala Schwartzberg. "Offbeat Travel". offbeattravel.com. Retrieved 2007-06-20.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "USGS ENHANCED QUAD: Howard Reef". mytopo.com. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- "NC Ocracoke". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- "The official Ocracoke Civic & Business Tourism Site". ocracokevillage.com. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- "Roxy's Rocks!". OcracokeCurrent. Retrieved 2015-12-17.
- "The Official Website of the Ocracoke's Working Watermen's Association". ocracokewatermen.org. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- Robert J. Goldstein (1 January 2000). Coastal Fishing in the Carolinas: From Surf, Pier, and Jetty. John F. Blair, Publisher. pp. 99–. ISBN 978-0-89587-195-4.
- "About Ocracoke Island". ocracokeislandrealty.com. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- "Ocracoke History". ocracoke-nc.com. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- Neal Hutcheson, director (2009). The Carolina Brogue (television documentary). Ocracoke Island, North Carolina.
- Wolfram, Walt; Estes, Natalie Schilling (1997). Hoi Toide on the Outer Banks. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. pp. 117–136. ISBN 0-8078-4626-0.
- "Profile: Ocracoke, North Carolina". city-data.com. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- "Ocracoke, North Carolina Population: Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts". censusviewer.com. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- "Ocracoke School". Ocracoke Island Journal. 11 June 2010. Retrieved 10 March 2012.
- "Ocracoke Island (W95)". ocracokeairport.com. 2013-06-01. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- "History of the Ocracoke Volunteer Fire Department". ocracokevfd.org. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- Weigl, Andrea (September 1, 2015). "Learning to make a better fig cake". The News & Observer. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ocracoke.|
- Town of Ocracoke, North Carolina website
- Cape Hatteras National Seashore - Ocracoke Island
- Clips from The Ocracoke Brogue documentary
- Preliminary Site Sketch, Fort Ocracoke