|Cultural origins||Mid-1990s USA, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Norway, Mexico, and Brazil.|
Nu jazz, also known as jazztronica, is a genre of contemporary electronic music. The term was coined in the late 1990s to refer to music that blends jazz elements with other musical styles, such as funk, soul, electronic dance music, and free improvisation.
According to critic Tony Brewer,
“Nu Jazz is to (traditional) Jazz what punk or grunge was to Rock, of course. [...] The songs are the focus, not the individual prowess of the musicians. Nu Jazz instrumentation ranges from the traditional to the experimental, the melodies are fresh, and the rhythms new and alive. It makes Jazz fun again.”
Nu jazz ranges from combining live instrumentation with beats of jazz house, exemplified by St Germain, Jazzanova and Fila Brazillia, to more band-based improvised jazz with electronic elements, such as that of The Cinematic Orchestra, Kobol, and the "future jazz" style pioneered by Bugge Wesseltoft, Jaga Jazzist, Nils Petter Molvær, and others.
Nu jazz typically ventures farther into the electronic territory than does its close cousin, acid jazz, which is generally closer to earthier funk, soul, and rhythm and blues, although releases from noted groove & smooth jazz artists such as the Groove Collective, and Pamela Williams blur the distinction between the styles. Nu jazz can be very experimental in nature and can vary widely in sound and concept. The sound, unlike acid jazz, departs from its blues roots and instead explores electronic sounds and ethereal jazz sensualities. Nu jazz “is the music itself and not the individual dexterity of the musicians.”
Development in the 21st century
Los Angeles scene
Los Angeles based artist, Flying Lotus, and artists under his independent record label, Brainfeeder, have instigated significant stylistic development and commercial exposure of nu jazz. While nu jazz is not the primary focus of Brainfeeder, many of the in-house artists such as Thundercat, Taylor McFerrin, Daedelus, and Flying Lotus fuse jazz elements with experimental electronic sounds. Cosmogramma by Flying Lotus released in April 20, 2010 featured jazz saxophonist Ravi Coltrane in "Arkestry" and "Germain Haircut" which both present avant-garde jazz backed by dense futuristic beats and texture. Flying Lotus's more recent work, You're Dead released in 2014 October 20, invited the performance of saxophonist Kamasi Washington and jazz titan Herbie Hancock who shared his prowess as a keyboardist and cowriter. Both albums by Flying Lotus were awarded "Best New Music" by Pitchfork. On November 27, 2015, Daedelus and grammy-nominated jazz fusion group, Kneebody, released a collaboration album entitled "Kneedelus".
Jazz artists come to nu jazz
Established jazz artists have become increasingly active as leaders of nu jazz works in the 21st century. Jazz trumpeter Dave Douglas and his trio involving Mark Guiliana and Jonathon Maron worked with electronic musician, Shigeto, who established the musical theme of the band with his ambient synth bass and texture. The resulting amalgam, entitled "High Risk", reminisces the experimental sound of Miles Davis's "Bitches Brew" with a psychedelic and chill touch. Drummer of the band, Mark Guiliana, has released nu jazz works under his own name as well. Showing clear influences from Jojo Mayer & Nerve, many of the albums such as "Beat Music" in 2012 and "My Life Starts Now" in 2014 incorporates synthesized melodies, bass and harmony accompanied by acoustic drumming that successfully replicated the nuance of electronic beats. Although no studio recording has been released, Mark Guiliana performed duo sets with Zach Danziger who constructed melodies using samples and, once the theme was established and looped, joined Guiliana on drums to create rhythmically intense electronic jazz. On a more subtle level, Brad Mehldau's album "Largo" in 2002, featured Mehldau's contemporary lines with acoustic hip-hop/house beats from the percussion and occasional electronic overdubs on tracks such as Sabbath and Free Willy
- Acid jazz
- Broken beat
- Gamm (record label)
- Groovera New Modern Radio
- Japanese jazz
- Saint-Germain-des-Prés Café (popular series of nu-jazz compilations)
- "A Flourish of Jazz", Time Magazine article, including mention of the use of electronics in jazz fusion.
- Nicholson, Stuart (March 2003). "Jazztronica: A Brief History of the Future of Jazz". JazzTimes. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
- Definition from Sergey Chernov, June 7, 2002, in The St. Petersburg Times
- Archived December 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Barton, Chris. "The groove where jazz and dance music meet". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- Colly, Joe. "Cosmogramma". Pitchfork. Pitchfork. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- Patrin, Nate. "You're Dead". Pitchfork. Pitchfork. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- Hart, Ron. "Kneebody and Daedalus: Kneedelus". Pitchfork. Pitchfork.
- Turner, Mark. "Dave Douglas: High Risk (2015)". AllAboutJazz. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
- Harris, Anthony. "Mark Guiliana - 'Beat Music: The Los Angeles Improvisations'". NextBop. NextBop. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- Bilawsky, Dan. "Mark Guiliana: Beat Poet Of A Different Sort". All About Jazz. All About Jazz. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- Michael, Dan. "Exclusive Interview: Mark Guiliana – 'Beat Music: Los Angeles Improvisations' + 'My Life Starts Now' Pt. I". Revive. Revive. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- Doerschuk, Robert. "Brad Mehldau - "Largo"". Allmusic. Allmusic. Retrieved 10 December 2015.