Northern Pashto

Northern Pashto
یوسفزئی پښتو
Native to Pakistan, Afghanistan
Ethnicity Pashtun
Native speakers
21 million (2013)[1]
Pashto alphabet
Official status
Regulated by Pashto Academy (Peshawar, Pakistan)[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 pbu
Glottolog nort2646[3]

Northern Pashto or Northeastern Pashto,[4] sometimes known as Pekhawari Pashto after its principal subdialect, is a Northern dialect of Pashto spoken in northern Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.


Yusufzai Pashto has a difference in affricates: in other dialects t͡s, d͡z/z, ʒ, in Peshawari instead s, z, j. Such as in most Northern dialects, in Yusufzai is pronounced x and g instead southern ʂ, ʐ.

Dialects[5] ښ ږ څ ځ ژ ā ū
Kandahari Pashto [ʂ] [ʐ] [t͡s] [d͡z] [ʒ] [ɑ] [u]
Quetta Pashto [ʃ] [ʒ] [t͡s] [d͡z] [ʒ, z] [ɑ] [u]
Ghilji, central Pashto [ç] [ʝ] [t͡s] [z] [ʒ, z] [ɑ] [u]
Northern (Peshawari) Pashto [x] [ɡ] [s] [z] [d͡ʒ] [ɑ] [u]


  1. Northern Pashto at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Sebeok, Thomas Albert (1976). Current Trends in Linguistics: Index. Walter de Gruyter. p. 705.
  3. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Northern Pashto". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. Prods Oktor Skjærvø, P.O. 1989. Pashto. In "Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum", R. Schmitt (ed.), 384-410.
  5. Hallberg, Daniel G. 1992. Pashto, Waneci, Ormuri. Sociolinguistic Survey of Northern Pakistan, 4.

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