Northern Ireland Assembly election, 2016
|Number of seats gained by each of the parties.|
The 2016 election to the Northern Ireland Assembly was held on 5 May 2016. It was the fifth election to take place since the devolved assembly was established in 1998. 1,281,595 individuals were registered to vote in the election (representing an increase of 5.9% compared to the previous Assembly election). Turnout in the 2016 Assembly election was 54.9%, a decline of less than one percentage point from the previous Assembly election but down 15 percentage points from the first election to the Assembly held in 1998.
As in the 2007 and 2011 elections, the Democratic Unionist Party and Sinn Féin won the most seats, with the DUP winning 38 and Sinn Féin winning 28 of the available 108 seats. The Ulster Unionist Party won 16 seats, the Social Democratic and Labour Party 12 and the Alliance 8, while two seats were won by the Green Party and People Before Profit. The Traditional Unionist Voice and an independent candidate each won one seat.
Change of date
Under the Northern Ireland Act 1998, elections to the Assembly were originally for a four-year term; thus there would have been an election due in May 2015, four years after the 2011 election. Following the introduction of the UK Fixed Term Parliaments Act, this date would have clashed with the 2015 UK general election. The Scottish Parliament and Welsh Assembly elections were postponed for a year to 2016 to avoid this clash.
In May 2013, Theresa Villiers, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, announced the next Assembly election would be postponed to May 2016, and would be held at fixed intervals of five years thereafter. Section 7 of the Northern Ireland (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2014 specifies that elections will be held on the first Thursday in May on the fifth (rather than fourth, as previously) calendar year following that in which its predecessor was elected.
End of dual mandate
The Northern Ireland (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2014 also ends the practice of dual mandate, prohibiting someone being elected to the assembly who is also a member of the House of Commons or Dáil Éireann. At the time the Act was passed, there were three such dual-members: the DUP's Sammy Wilson (MP for East Antrim and MLA for East Antrim) and Gregory Campbell (MP for East Londonderry and MLA for East Londonderry) and the SDLP's Alasdair McDonnell (MP for Belfast South and MLA for Belfast South). Wilson and McDonnell resigned from the Assembly after being re-elected to the House of Commons in the 2015 election. Campbell, who was also re-elected as an MP, is retiring from the Assembly at this election.
There are several circumstances in which the Assembly could be dissolved before the date scheduled by virtue of section 31(1) of the Northern Ireland Act 1998.
Under section 32 of the 1998 Act, the Assembly can be dissolved if a resolution to such an effect is passed by the Assembly, with support of 72 or more members.
Failure to elect the First or deputy First Ministers
The Act provides that if the Assembly fails to elect either the First Minister or deputy First Minister within six weeks, an election is called. Since the enactment of the Northern Ireland (St Andrews Agreement) Act 2006, the First Minister has been nominated by the largest party overall, and the deputy First Minister has been nominated by the single largest party in the largest community designation ("Nationalist", "Unionist" or "Other") to which the largest party overall does not belong.
New Executive Departments
- The Office of the First Minister and deputy First Minister is renamed the Executive Office
- The Department of Agriculture and Rural Development is renamed the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs
- The Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment is renamed the Department for the Economy
- The Department of Finance and Personnel is renamed the Department of Finance
- The Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety is renamed the Department of Health
- The Department for Regional Development is renamed the Department for Infrastructure
- The Department for Social Development is renamed the Department for Communities
- The Department of Justice remains unchanged Department of Justice (Northern Ireland)
- The Department of Culture, Arts and Leisure is dissolved
- The Department of the Environment is dissolved
- The Department for Employment and Learning is dissolved
Parties standing in more than one constituency were:
- Democratic Unionist Party
- Sinn Féin
- Ulster Unionist Party
- Social Democratic and Labour Party
- Traditional Unionist Voice (TUV)
- Green Party
- Progressive Unionist Party
- People Before Profit Alliance
- Cannabis is Safer Than Alcohol
- Northern Ireland Labour Representation Committee
- Cross-Community Labour Alternative
- The Workers Party
Various independents and smaller parties also stood.
Members not seeking re-election
| on NI Execu-
|Sinn Féin||Gerry Adams||39||28||-1||166,785||24.0%||-2.9%||4||+1|
|Green (NI)||Steven Agnew||18||2||+1||18,718||2.7%||+1.8%||-||-|
|People Before Profit||Eamonn McCann||3||2||+2||13,761||2.0%||+1.2%||-||-|
|NI Conservatives||David Cameron||12||-||2,554||0.4%||N/A|
|Labour Alternative||Owen McCracken||3||-||1,939||0.3%||N/A|
|NI Labour||Kathryn Johnston||8||-||1,577||0.2%||N/A|
|Workers' Party||John Lowry||4||-||1,565||0.2%||±0.0|
|South Belfast Unionists||William Dickson||1||-||351||0.0%||N/A|
|Animal Welfare||Vanessa Hudson||1||-||224||0.0%||N/A|
|Democracy First||Frazer McCammond||1||-||124||0.0%||N/A|
|Northern Ireland First||Geoff Dowey||1||-||32||0.0%||N/A|
|Seats total and Valid Votes||108||694,314||98.7%||10||-|
|Total valid poll||703,744||100.0%|
|Electorate and turnout||1,281,595||54.9%|
- Results from Raymond Russell, "Election Report: Northern Ireland Assembly Election, 5 May 2016", Northern Ireland Assembly
- Total valid poll 703,744. Electorate: 1,281,595; turnout: 54.9%.
Distribution of seats by constituency
Party affiliation of the six Assembly members returned by each constituency. The first column indicates the party of the Member of the House of Commons (MP) returned by the corresponding parliamentary constituency in the general election of 7 May 2010 (under the "first past the post" method).
(The constituencies are arranged here in rough geographical order around Lough Neagh from Antrim to Londonderry. To see them in alphabetical order, click the small square icon after "Constituency"; to restore this geographical order, refresh or reload the page.)
|SF||Newry and Armagh||-||6||-||-||3||1||-||1||1||-||-||-||-|
|UUP||Fermanagh & South Tyrone||-||6||-||-||2||1||-||1||2||-||-||SDLP||SF|
|Change since dissolution||-||-||+2||+1||–1||–2||-||+3||-||-||–1||–1||–1|
|Assembly at dissolution||-||108||-||1||29||14||8||13||38||1||2||1 UKIP||1 NI21|
|Change during Assembly term||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||–3||-||-||+1||+1||+1|
|Elected on 5 May 2011||218||108||-||1||29||14||8||16||38||1||1||-|
|Elected on 7 March 2007||256||108||-||1||28||16||7||18||36||-||1||1 Prog. U.|
|Elected on 23 November 2003||108||-||-||24||18||6||27||30||-||1||1 Prog. U.||1 UKUP|
|Elected on 25 June 1998||108||-||-||18||24||6||28||20||-||4||2 Prog. U.||5 UKUP, 2 NIWC|
- Three of the four independents elected in 1998 ran as Independent Unionists
- NIWC = Northern Ireland Women's Coalition; Prog. U. = Progressive Unionist Party; TUV = Traditional Unionist Voice; UKUP = United Kingdom Unionist Party
Share of first-preference votes
Percentage of each constituency's first-preference votes. Three highest percentages in each constituency shaded; absolute majorities underlined. The constituencies are arranged in the geographic order described for the table above; click the icon next to "Constituency" to see them in alphabetical order.
- [The totals given here are the sum of all valid ballots cast in each constituency, and the percentages are based on such totals. The turnout percentages in the last column, however, are based upon all ballots cast, which also include anything from twenty to a thousand invalid ballots in each constituency. The total valid ballots' percentage of the eligible electorate can correspondingly differ by 0.1% to 2% from the turnout percentage.]
|SF||41.1%||Newry & Armagh||0.7||40.9||18.2||1.0||14.1||16.7||5.5||2.9||-||-||58.4%|
|UUP||46.4%||Fermanagh & S. Tyrone||1.9||40.0||8.5||1.1||12.8||32.7||2.5||0.6||-||-||63.5%|
|Change since 2011||+1.2||+1.8||–2.9||–2.2||–0.7||–0.6||–0.8||+1.0||+1.7||+1.0||+42,008||+71,586||–0.7%|
|Election of May 2011||0.9||26.9||14.2||7.7||13.2||30.0||2.5||2.2||2.3||661,736||1,210,009||55.6%|
|Election of March 2007||1.7||26.2||15.2||5.2||14.9||30.1||-||3.8||2.8||690,313||1,107,904||62.9%|
|Election of Nov. 2003||0.4||23.5||17.0||3.7||22.7||25.7||-||5.6||2.8||692,026||1,097,526||63.1%|
|Election of June 1998||0.1||17.6||22.0||6.5||21.3||18.1||-||10.9||3.5||823,565||1,178,556||69.9%|
- Independent Unionist vote in 1998 (2.8%) included in the Independent column (not "others"). TUV = Traditional Unionist Voice.
- Rosie McCorley — Belfast West
- Maeve McLaughlin — Foyle
- Cathal Ó hOisín — East Londonderry
- Phil Flanagan — Fermanagh and South Tyrone
Democratic Unionist Party
Ulster Unionist Party
Social Democratic and Labour Party
- Dolores Kelly — Upper Bann
- Gerard Diver — Foyle
- Karen McKevitt — South Down (stood in Newry and Armagh)
- Fearghal McKinney — Belfast South
- Seán Rogers — South Down
|Polling organisation/client||Sample size||DUP||SF||SDLP||UUP||Alliance||TUV||Green||Others|
|30 Mar – 1 Apr 2016||Lucid Talk/Belfast Telegraph||970||26.5%||25.8%||11.9%||15.6%||8.1%||4.1%||2.6%||5.4%|
|8–12 Feb 2016||Lucid Talk/Belfast Telegraph||2,886||26.6%||24.6%||11.2%||14.5%||8.2%||3.5%||2.6%||8.8%|
|19–21 Oct 2015||Lucid Talk/Belfast Telegraph||2,517||25.8%||25.4%||10.8%||15.0%||7.6%||3.2%||2.4%||9.8%|
|7 May 2015||General Election Results||718,512||25.7%||24.5%||13.9%||16.0%||8.6%||2.3%||1.0%||8.0%|
|22 May 2014||2014 Local Election Results||627,777||23.1%||24.1%||13.6%||16.2%||6.7%||4.5%||0.9%||10.9%|
|22 May 2014||2014 European Election Results||626,125||20.9%||25.5%||13.0%||13.3%||7.1%||12.1%||1.7%||6.3%|
|Sep 2013||Lucid Talk/Belfast Telegraph||N/A||29.3%||26.1%||13.8%||10.8%||10.2%||2.2%||1.3%||6.3%|
|5 May 2011||Assembly Election Results||661,736||29.3%||26.3%||13.9%||12.9%||7.7%||2.4%||0.9%||6.6%|
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