North Darfur

North Darfur State
ولاية شمال دارفور
Shamal Darfor

Farmer irrigating crops in North Darfur


Location in Sudan.
Coordinates: 16°4′N 25°28′E / 16.067°N 25.467°E / 16.067; 25.467Coordinates: 16°4′N 25°28′E / 16.067°N 25.467°E / 16.067; 25.467
Country  Sudan
Region Darfur
Capital Al-Fashir
  Governor Osman Mohamed Yousif Kibir
  Total 296,420 km2 (114,450 sq mi)
Population (2006 (est.))
  Total 1,583,179
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

North Darfur State (Arabic: ولاية شمال دارفور Wilāyat Šamāl Dārfūr; Shamal Darfor) is one of the wilayat or states of Sudan. It is one of the five states composing the Darfur region. It has an area of 296,420 km² and an estimated population of approximately 1,583,000 (2006). Al-Fashir is the capital of the state. Other significant towns include Ailliet,[1][2] Kebkabiya,[3][4] Kutum, Mellit (Malit),[4][5] Tawilah[6] and Umm Kadadah.[4][7]


North Darfur occupies more than half of the territory of the Darfur region, and includes part of the Marrah Mountains (Jebel Marra). The northern part is entirely desert. To the south there is slightly more rainfall with the eastern side being plains with low sandy hills, while the volcanic Marrah Mountains occupy most of the western side of the south. In the southern portion the most important crops are millet, maize and peanuts.[4]

North Darfur is bounded on the northwest by Libya, on the north by Northern State, on the east by Northern State and North Kurdufan, on the southeast by South Kurdufan, on the south by South Darfur, and on the west by West Darfur and the Republic of Chad.


North Darfur shares much of the history of Darfur. It was the center of the Sultanate of Darfur and contained both its capital al-Fashir and its biggest trading city Kobbei.

Notes and references

  1. In Arabic كتم
  2. "Ailliet, Sudan"
  3. In Arabic كبكابية
  4. 1 2 3 4 "ولاية شمال دارفور (The state of North Darfur)" Sudanese Government site, in Arabic, accessed 9 September 2010
  5. In Arabic مليط
  6. "Tawilah, Sudan"
  7. In Arabic أم كدادة،
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