For the Ottoman revolutionary, see Ahmed Niyazi Bey. For other people, see Niazi.
Niyazi Hajibeyov
Niyazi Hacıbəyov
Also known as Maestro Niyazi; Nijazi Zul'fagarovich Tagi-zade-Hajibeyov[1]
Born (1912-08-20)August 20, 1912
Origin  Russian Empire, Tbilisi

August 2, 1984(1984-08-02) (aged 71)

Baku,  Azerbaijan SSR
Genres Classical
Occupation(s) Composer, conductor
Years active 46 years
Associated acts "Rast" symphonic mugam

Niyazi Zulfigar oglu Tagizade Hajibeyov (Azerbaijani: Niyazi Zülfiqar oğlu Hacıbəyov) (1912–1984) was a prominent Soviet Azerbaijani conductor, and composer of the renowned symphonic mugam "Rast".

Early life

Niyazi was born on August 20, 1912 in Tbilisi in a family of prominent Shusha musicians.[2] His father was the composer Zulfugar Hajibeyov. He is the nephew of Uzeyir Hajibeyov, the founder of the Azeri classical music. He was playing the violin in "Qırmızı Kadet" Turkish military orchestra in 1921. He studied at the Gnessin Music School in Moscow in 1925-1926. In 1929-30 he studied at the Central Musical Technical School in Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg), but dropped out due to health problems. He returned to Baku in 1931. Right after that he was sent to Dagestan where he met his future wife Həchər khanum. Hecher Khanum's family would not approve of the marriage. So she and Niyazi decided to run away and secretly married. They lived a very difficult yet fulfilling life. The great love of his wife gave him strengths to produce most of his masterpieces, which contributed to Azerbaijan's and the musical treasury of the rest of the world.


Niyazi conducted many of the major symphony orchestras in Prague, Berlin, Budapest, Bucharest, New York, Paris, Istanbul, London, Tehran, Beijing and Ulan-Bator and played an important role in making the Azeri classical music known to the world.

Niyazi was also a talented composer. Building upon the traditions of Uzeyir Hajibeyov, he splendidly synthesized the traditional Azeri folk songs and mugam with western classical symphonic music. Niyazi's most significant works include the opera "Khosrow and Shirin" (1942), and the ballet "Chitra" (1960). His symphonic mugam "Rast" achieved worldwide popularity and was included to the repertoire of many symphony orchestras around the world.

Niyazi was the conductor and music director of the Azerbaijan State Symphony orchestra for 46 years, from 1938 to his death. He died on August 2, 1984.[2]

Niyazi was honored as the People's Artist of the USSR (1959) and received the USSR State Prize (1951, 1952) and highest title of the USSR, the Hero of Labor (1982).


  1. I.M. Yampol'sky. "Nijazi". In L. Root, Deane. Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press. (subscription required)
  2. 1 2 "Maestro Niyazi". Retrieved 2010-12-10.

See also

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