Nigerian Civil Service

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Nigeria portal

The Nigerian Civil Service consists of employees in Nigerian government agencies other than the military. Most employees are career civil servants in the Nigerian ministries, progressing based on qualifications and seniority. Recently the head of the service has been introducing measures to make the ministries more efficient and responsive to the public.[1][2]


The word civil is derived from an old french word "civil" which means "relating to law" and directly from Latin word "civilis" which means "relating to citizen". while the word service is derived from an old french word "servise" which means "aids". The Nigerian Civil Service has its origins in organizations established by the British in colonial times. Nigeria gained full independence in October 1960 under a constitution that provided for a parliamentary government and a substantial measure of self-government for the country's three regions. Since then, various panels have studied and made recommendations for reforming of the Civil Service, including the Margan Commission of 1963, the Adebo Commission of 1971 and the Udoji Commission of 1972-74. A major change occurred with the adoption in 1979 of a constitution modeled on that of the United States. The Dotun Philips Panel of 1985 attempted to reform to the Civil Service. The 1988 Civil Service Reorganization Decree promulgated by General Ibrahim Babangida had a major impact on the structure and efficiency of the Civil Service. The later report of the Ayida Panel made recommendations to reverse some of the past innovations and to return to the more efficient Civil Service of earlier years.[3] The Civil Service has been undergoing gradual and systematic reforms and restructuring since May 29, 1999 after decades of military rule.[4] However, the civil service is still considered stagnant and inefficient, and the attempts made in the past by panels have had little effect.[5]

In August 2009 the Head of the Civil Service, Stephen Osagiede Oronsaye, proposed reforms where permanent secretaries and directors would spend a maximum of eight years in office. The reform, approved by President Umaru Yar'Adua, would result in massive retirement of Permanent Secretaries and Directors, many of whom are from the North.[6] Stephen Oronsaye has said that his goal is for the Nigerian civil service to be among the best organized and managed in the world.[7] Oronsaye retired in November 2010 at the statutory age of 60 and was succeeded by Oladapo Afolabi.[8]


The civil service is mainly organized around the federal ministries, headed by a minister appointed by the President of Nigeria, who must include at least one member of each of the 36 states in his cabinet. The President's appointments are confirmed by the Senate of Nigeria. There are less than 36 ministries. In some cases a Federal minister is responsible for more than one ministry(e.g. Environment and Housing may be combined)and a minister may be assisted by one or more ministers of State. Each ministry also has a Permanent Secretary, who is a senior civil servant. The ministries are responsible for various[parastatals(government-owned corporations) such as universities (Education), National Broadcasting Commission, Information and Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation. Other parastatals are the responsibility of the Office of the Presidency, such as the Independent National Electoral Commission, the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission and the Federal Civil Service Commission. The service has six additional units which provide services to all departments on the Civil Service:


A sense of the relative expenditure on the different areas is given by the table below, which shows the 2008 budget for Federal ministries, departments and agencies.[9]

MDA (Ministry, Department or Agency) Budget (Naira)
Agriculture & Water Resources113,673,666,845
Code of Conduct Bureau1,126,777,207
Commerce and Industry7,758,202,700
Culture & National Orientation11,655,900,664
Environment, Housing and Urban Development15,915,443,907
Federal Capital Territory37,958,110,000
Federal Character Commission2,366,945,741
Federal Civil Service Commission925,690,890
Foreign & Intergovernmental Affairs40,873,686,687
Independent Corrupts Practices Commission3,588,338,165
Independent National Electoral Commission12,693,517,785
Information & Communications18,183,376,503
Labour and Productivity6,142,634,383
Mines and Steel Development6,592,555,334
National Planning Commission6,400,000,000
National Population Commission5,219,851,968
National Salaries, Income and Wages Commission441,347,573
National Sports Commission5,562,611,171
Office of the Head of the Civil Service6,836,928,125
Police Service Commission599,570,075
Public Complaints Commission2,008,996,208
Revenue Mobilization Allocation and Fiscal Allocation Commission2,370,007,697
Science and Technology16,306,271,658
Women Affairs2,988,935,104
Youth Development45,591,142,712

Note: As of January 2008, one Naira was worth about 0.0057 Euros, or 0.0084 US Dollars.

Permanent Secretaries

Permanent secretaries head the civil service departments. In August 2009, Stephen Oronsaye announced a major reshuffle where almost half of the permanent secretaries were assigned to new departments.[10] A partial list of the new line-up as of December 2009 follows:[11]

Mass Sacking Of Permanent Secretaries by President Buhari

On November 10,2015, President Muhammadu Buhari summoned all the permanent secretaries to the Presidential Villa in Aso Rock and sacked all 17 of them; their terminations in force with immediate effect.[12] [13]


Name Ministry Joined
Dr. Oderinde idowu yusuf Agriculture & Rural Development 2010 present
Idris Adamu Kuta Aviation
Dr A.K. Mohammed Commerce & Industry
Sheidu Bello Ozigis Culture, Tourism & National Orientation 1976-11-30 2005-12-21
Ezikiel O. Oyemomi Defense
Dr. Folasade Yemi-Esan Education
Dr. Safiya Muhammed Environment 1982-01-19 2001-01-01
Dr. Ochi C. Achinivu Finance
Amb J C Keshi Foreign Affairs
Binta A. Bello Health
Ammuna Lawan-Ali Information & Communication 1977-02-17 2001-01-01
Dr A.S Adegoroye Interior
Abdullahi Yola Justice
Dr. Haruna Usman Sanusi Labour 1977-07-01 2001-04-09
Suleiman D. Kassim Mines & Steel Development 1978-08-01 2005-12-21
Elizabeth B.P. Emuren Petroleum 1980-12 2005-12-21
I B Sali Power
Dr N A Damachi Science and Technology
A. S. Olayisade Transport
Dr D B Ibe Women Affairs
Dr. Tukur. B. Ingawa Works, Housing and Urban Development
Danladi I Kifasi Youth Development


Name Commission Joined
Deaconess Joan Ayo Federal Civil Service Commission
Dr. Yahaya A. Abdullahi Niger Delta
Bukar Goni Aji Police Affairs
Engr (Mrs) E.G. Gonda Police Service Commission
S. D. Matankari State House 1977-08-01 2001-11-01

theophilus erebho, unn, PALG

Internal departments

Name Department Joined
S.A.D Osuagwu OHCSF ---
T.O Iroche OHCSF ---
Dr. (Mrs.) E. A. Abebe OHCSF (CSO)
B. U. Maitambari OSGF SSO 1976-08-03 1999-06-14
Dr Alex Chike Anigbo OSGF-PAO
S. Oronsaye OHOSF 1995-12-18 2001-04-09
M. N. B. Danbatta OHOSF-ERO 1980-07-01 2001-01-01
Pius I Major OHOSF-MDO
Dr. Imoro Kubor OSGF (Ecological Funds)
Dr. Hakeem Baba-Ahmed OSGF (GSO) 1978-08-16 1999-03-18
E. I. Ogbile OSGF -CS
Garba Buwai OSGF-EAO 1979-01-01 2001-01-01


Name Joined
Dr. Lanre Femi 1980-08-01 2001-01-01
Ibrahim Talba 1981-10-19 2001-01-01
Engr. S. M. Mahmood 1974-07-12 2002-07-15
Prof. Ignatius A. Ayua, SAN, OFR 1974-06 2003-03-05
Dr. (Mrs) Timiebi K. Agary 1980-04-18 2003-12-18
Engr. Raymond N. Okenwa 1981-07 2005-12-21

See also


  1. Habeeb I. Pindiga (26 October 200). "New Service Tenure - Oronsaye, FCSC Boss Clash Over Exams". Daily Trust. Retrieved 2009-12-21. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. "FG to train 4600 civil servants -- HOSF". News Agency of Nigeria. Dec 9, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-21.
  3. "BACKGROUND TO THE NIGERIAN CIVIL SERVICE". Office of the Head of Service of the Federation. Retrieved 2009-12-21.
  5. "New Policy in The Civil Service". Daily Trust. 2 September 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
  6. "Ripples of tenure system in the civil service". Nigerian Tribune. 18 Sep 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
  7. Atiku S. Sarki (June 19, 2009). "'Nigerian civil service'll be best in Africa'". Daily Triumph. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
  8. Daniel Idonor & Emma Ovuakporie (NOVEMBER 16, 2010 · in NEWS). "Jonathan appoints Afolabi Head of Service as Oronsaye retires". Vanguard (Nigeria). Retrieved 2011-06-01. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  9. "FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OF NIGERIA 2008 BUDGET". Federal Ministry Of Finance. Retrieved 2009-12-21. horizontal tab character in |title= at position 30 (help)
  10. Franca Ochigbo (2009-08-13). "Yar'Adua moves Perm Secs". The Nation. Retrieved 2009-12-21.
  11. "Permanent Secretaries". Office of the Head of Service of the Federation. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/30/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.