Nicolae Crețulescu

Nicolae Crețulescu
(Nicolae Kretzulescu)
2nd Prime Minister of Romania
In office
24 June 186211 October 1863
14 June 1865  11 February 1866
Monarch Alexandru Ioan Cuza
Preceded by Barbu Catargiu
Mihail Kogălniceanu
Succeeded by Mihail Kogălniceanu
Lascăr Catargiu
Personal details
Born 1 March 1812
Bucharest, Romania
Died 26 July 1900(1900-07-26) (aged 88)[1]
Leordeni, Argeș County, Romania

Nicolae Crețulescu (Romanian pronunciation: [nikoˈla.e kret͡suˈlesku], surname also spelled Kretzulescu; 1 March 1812 – 26 July 1900) was a Wallachian, later Romanian politician and physician. He served two terms as Prime Minister of Romania: from 1862 to 1863, and from 1865 to 1866. He was elected to the Romanian Academy.

Born in Bucharest, he studied medicine in Paris, having Gustave Flaubert as a colleague. As a physician, his notable work was the translation of Jean Cruveilhier's manual of anatomy.

A member of the Liberal faction, Creţulescu first became prime minister after the assassination of Barbu Catargiu, under Domnitor Alexandru Ioan Cuza. He avoided debating the issue of land reform, at that time the most contentious subject in Romanian politics; instead, Crețulescu focused on unifying the public health system, creating the Directorate General of the Public Archive, and establishing a Council for Public Instruction. Additionally, he laid the groundwork for further laws secularizing (nationalizing) the property of monasteries.


  1. Viața și opera lui Cuza Vodă - Constantin C. Giurescu - Google Books. 2008-07-02. Retrieved 2012-06-20.

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