Nepal Workers Peasants Party

Nepal Workers Peasants Party
नेपाल मजदुर किसान पार्टी
Abbreviation ने. म. कि. पा.
President Narayan Man Bijukchhe
Founded January 25, 1975 (1975-01-25)
Headquarters Golmadhi, Bhaktapur
Student wing Nepal Revolutionary Students' Union
Youth wing Nepal Revolutionary Youths' Union
Women's wing Nepal Revolutionary Womens' Union
Peasant Wing Nepal Revolutionary Peasants' Union
Cultural Wing Nepal Revolutionary Culturals' Union
Teacher Wing Nepal Revolutionary Teachers' Union
Worker Union Nepal Revolutionary Workers' Union
Political position Far-left
Constituent Assembly
4 / 601
Election symbol

Nepal Workers Peasants Party (Nepali: नेपाल मजदुर किसान पार्टी, abbreviated नेमकिपा) is a communist party in Nepal. The party president is Narayan Man Bijukchhe alias 'Comrade Rohit'. NWPP has a strong base in the Bhaktapur area, and limited presence otherwise. Rohit and Sunil Prajapati are Members of Parliament of the party.


Installing posters for the Nepal Workers Peasants Party, at a hiti (public fountain) in Thamel

Nepal Workers and Peasants' Party (NWPP)the then Nepal Workers' and Peasants' Organisation (नेपाल मजदुर किसान संगठन) was founded on the firm base peasants' movement in Nepal on January 23, 1975. The then Nepal Communist Party was not ready to accept the downfall of Russian revisionism into social imperialism. It was hesitating to launch peasant movements in Nepal. So, NWPP was founded in order to fight for the working-class people in Nepal as well as the whole world.[1]

NPWO united Rohit's group (Rohit had broken away from the Communist Party of Nepal (Pushpa Lal) in protest over Pushpa Lal Shrestha's support for Indian intervention in East Pakistan), the Proletarian Revolutionary Organisation, Nepal and the Kisan Samiti. The organ of NWPO was Majdur-Kisan. In 1976 the Western Regional Committee published Rato Jhanda.

For the sake of social change and national development, NWPP has been struggling since its establishment, to raise working class up to ruling class. The cadres of this party struggle even in inconveniences and crisis and serve the people and the country with sincerity. They never bow down and surrender in front to injustice and exploitation, rather sow the seeds of socialism among the people. NWPP takes Marxism as its guiding principle and follows Leninism. NWPP has never faced self-criticism regarding its political thought and policy since it has gained maturity in this regard.

In 1981 NWPO suffered a severe split, and two separate NWPOs came into existence. One NWPO led by Rohit (which later took the name NWPP) and one NWPO led by Hareram Sharma.[2] The current party is a continuation of Rohit's NWPO.

Promoting people's awareness and organizing the oppressed people, NWPP led Tenats' Rights Safreguard Movement, Harvesting Crop Campaign, Struggling against Corruption and Price Hike and Tenant Receipt Movement.

The ploughmen who became aware and involved in organized struggle only benefitted from Panchayati Land Reform. The feudal parties conspired against the tenant's right. They went for elimination of dual land ownership, which made 85% tenants deprive of their right. The bourgeois parties helped this conspiracy with united force. NWPP has been raising the voice against this great conspiracy for the protection of the tenats' right. The party stands for Revolutionary Land Reform that gives the ploughmen the right to own the land they tend.

NWPP puts forward that education should be included with productive labour to minimize the number of educated unemployment. It raises the voice for fair wage and guarantee of employment. This will reduce poverty and help industrialization of the country. NWPP always struggles against imperialism, expansionism, and foreign interference, border encroachment and oppression by big countries. It has been struggling against Indian encroachment in Nepali land at Susta, Maheshpur, Illam. Lalapatti and Tilathali, Kalapani and many other places.

NWPP organized huge mass demonstration against American imperialist's atrocious attack in Vietnam in 1978. That was first demonstration with international issue during Panchayat system. Similarly, NWPP showed international solidarity for raising voice of the people against war, oppression, and US threatens to Cuba, Afghanistan, Haiti, Iraq, Korea and so forth.

Rohit's NWPO formed part of the United Left Front and had taken part in the 1990 Jana Andolan uprising. It took part in the formation of the Samyukta Janamorcha Nepal, but left just ahead of the 1991 election.[3] The group changed its name to the Nepal Workers Peasants Party, and contested the election separately. It launched 30 candidates, out of whom two were elected. The party got 91335 votes (1.25%).

Ahead of the 1992 elections to local bodies NWPP took part in forming a front together with the Samyukta Janamorcha Nepal, Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist), Communist Party of Nepal (15 September 1949) and Nepal Communist League.[4]

Current situation

NWPP mural in Bhaktapur

NWPP is committed to the communist movement of Nepal and the struggle for achieving people's democracy and human right. It is getting more aspiration from its sacrificial and struggling history.

In the parliamentary election held on 3 and 16 May 1999, the party won 0.6% of the popular vote and 1 out of 205 seats.

NWPP was active in the protest movements against undemocratic regression in Nepal and is a member of the Seven Party Alliance which spearheaded the 2006 Loktantra Andolan. After the restoration of democratic system, the party decided not to join the government (which it was invited to do), but stayed in the Seven Party Alliance (later converted into the Eight Party Alliance). When the interim legislature was formed in January 2007, Rohit was joined by three nominated MPs: Lila Nyaichai (Bhaktapur), Sunil Prajapati (Bhaktapur), Jagya Bahadur Shahi (Dailekh) and Nawaraj Koirala (Kalikot).[5]

Mass Organizations

Communism in Nepal


Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nepal Workers and Peasants Party.
  1. Central Committee, NRSU (February 2011). "The Role of Nepal Workers and Peasants' Party in the Communist Movement of Nepal". The Workers Bulletin. 1. 1 (1): 1–6.
  2. Rawal, Bhim Bahadur. Nepalma samyabadi andolan: udbhab ra vikas. Kathmandu: Pairavi Prakashan. Chart nr. 1.
  3. Upreti, B.C.. The Maoist Insurgency in Nepal: Nature, Growth and Impact. In South Asian Survey 13:1 (2006), page 37
  4. Hoftun, Martin, William Raeper and John Whelpton. People, politics and ideology: Democracy and Social Change in Nepal. Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point, 1999. p. 190
  5. name list of mp
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