Temporal range: Late Carboniferous–Recent
|Honeybee (order Hymenoptera)|
Neoptera is a classification group that includes most part of the winged insects, specifically those that can flex their wings over their abdomens. This is in contrast with the more basal orders of winged insects (the "Palaeoptera" assemblage), which are unable to flex their wings in this way.
Originally, the taxon Neoptera was proposed by А.М. Martynov, in the following classification:
- division Palaeoptera
- division Neoptera
- subdivision Polyneoptera
- subdivision Paraneoptera
The order Thysanoptera originally had uncertain systematic position, and later was attributed to Paraneoptera.
Later, a number of other classifications had been proposed. According to various points of view, Neoptera is subordinated either directly to Pterygota (as in the Martynov's classification), or to Metapterygota: 1. Pterygota Gegenbaur 1878 1.1. Ephemeroptera Hyatt & Arms 1890 1.2. Metapterygota Börner 1909 1.2.1. Odonata Fabricius 1793 1.2.2. Neoptera Martynov 1923
The most recent rank-free classification of Neoptera is shown in the cladogram: