National Assembly (Mauritius)

Mauritian National Assembly
10th National Assembly of Mauritius
Coat of arms or logo
Maya Hanoomanjee
Since December 10, 2014
Sir Anerood Jugnauth, MSM-PMSD-ML
Since December 11, 2014
Paul Berenger, MMM
Since December 11, 2014
Seats 62 plus 8 non-voting members
Political groups


  •      MSM (34)
  •      PMSD (11)
  •      ML (7)
  •      OPR (2)

Opposition parties

  •      MMM (7)
  •      MLP (4)
Last election
December 10, 2014
Meeting place
Parliament House, Port Louis

The National Assembly is Mauritius's unicameral legislature, which was called the Legislative Assembly until 1992, when the country became a republic. The Constitution of Mauritius provides for the parliament of Mauritius to consist of the President and the National Assembly. The parliament of Mauritius is modelled after the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy, where members of parliament are voted in at regular general elections, on the basis of a first past the post system.

It consists of 70 members, 62 directly elected for five-year terms in multi-member constituencies and 8 additional members, known as "best losers", appointed by the Electoral Supervisory Commission to ensure that ethnic and religious minorities are equitably represented. The Government is primarily responsible to the National Assembly and the prime minister stays in office only as long as he or she retains the support of a majority of its members.

Constitutional Role

The National assembly is supreme and determines the functioning of various constitutional institutions of the country.


The President and Vice-President are both elected by the assembly for a five-year term.


The National Assembly is essential to determine which party/group forms the government and therefore the executive of the country. As per the constitution, the prime minister is answerable to, and must maintain the support of the assembly. Thus, whenever the office of prime minister falls vacant, the President appoints the person who has the support of the House, or who is most likely to command the support of the House—normally the leader of the largest party in the assembly.


The political party or alliance which has the second largest majority forms the Official Opposition and its leader is normally nominated by the President of the Republic as the Leader of the Opposition.


The Assembly is made of up of 70 members, of whom 62 are directly elected in 21 constituencies. The island of Mauritius is divided into 20 constituencies returning three members each and that of Rodrigues is a single constituency returning two members. After a general election, the Electoral Supervisory Commission may nominate up to a maximum of 8 additional members in accordance with section 5 of the First Schedule of the Constitution with a view to correct any imbalance in community representation in Parliament. This system of nominating members is commonly called the best loser system.

The political party or party alliance which wins the majority of seats in the Assembly forms the government and its leader usually becomes the Prime Minister. It is the Prime Minister who selects the members of the composition of the Cabinet from elected members of the Assembly, except for the Attorney General, who may not be an elected member of the Assembly.

List of political parties represented in the Assembly

A new assembly was elected on December 10, 2014 and a new coalition government was appointed with Sir Anerood Jugnauth as prime minister. The following political parties are represented in the assembly (based on the number of MPs):

Alliance Party Party Leader Seats
Alliance Lepep - 53 seatsMSMPravind Jugnauth33
PMSDXavier Luc Duval11
Muvment LiberaterIvan Collendaveloo7
OPRMP Buisson Leopold serves as Leader in the assembly while Serge Clair is currently Chief Commissioner of Rodrigues2
Parties with no alliance currently - 15 seatsMMMPaul Berenger7
Mouvement PatriotiqueAlan Ganoo5
Labour PartyNavin Ramgoolam (MP Shakeel Mohammed serves as Leader in the assembly as Ramgoolam was not elected to serve as MP)4


After a new assembly is elected, the President, by proclamation, may open the new session fixing the date and time of the sitting. The government message (replacing the speech of the throne) is read by the President. The Assembly normally sits on Tuesdays as from 11:30 AM when it is in session. The President acting on the advice of the prime minister may at any time adjourn, prorogue or dissolve the assembly.

Officials/Functions of the Assembly

The following positions/body have important functions in the assembly. They are as follows:

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

2014 legislative election

Party Votes % Seats
Elected Top-up Total
Alliance Lepep (MSMPMSDML)[lower-alpha 1]1,016,55149.8347451
PTR/MMM[lower-alpha 2]785,64538.5113316
Mauritian Solidarity Front41,8152.05000
Rezistans ek Alternativ23,1171.13000
Rodrigues People's Organisation21,8741.07202
Mauritian Social Democratic Movement19,3380.95000
Rodrigues Movement11,1130.54000
Agreement for Parliamentary Democracy10,5480.52000
Les Verts Fraternels10,1910.50000
Source: Electoral Commission
  1. Of the 47 elected Lepep seats, 33 were won by the MSM, 7 by the PMSD and 7 by the ML. All four top-up seats were taken by the PMSD
  2. Of the 13 elected PTR/MMM seats, 9 were won b the MMM and four by the PTR. All three top-up seats were taken by the MMM.

2010 legislative election

 Summary of the 5 May 2010 National Assembly of Mauritius election results
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Additional seats Total seats
Alliance de L'Avenir (PTR-PMSD-MSM) 1,001,903 49.69 41 4 45
Alliance du Coeur (MMM-UN-MMSD) 847,095 42.01 18 2 20
Front Solidarité Mauricien (FSM) 51,161 2.54 1 1
Mouvement Rodriguais (MR) 20,933 1.04 2 2
Organisation du Peuple Rodriguais (OPR) 18,815 0.93 1 1
Total (Turnout ~78%) 2,016,427 96.21 62 7 69

See also

Coordinates: 20°09′47″S 57°30′12″E / 20.1630°S 57.5033°E / -20.1630; 57.5033

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