The DNA structure at left (schematic shown) will self-assemble into the structure visualized by atomic force microscopy at right. Image from Strong.[1]

A nanostructure is a structure of intermediate size between microscopic and molecular structures. Nanostructural detail is microstructure at nanoscale.

In describing nanostructures, it is necessary to differentiate between the number of dimensions in the volume of an object which are on the nanoscale. Nanotextured surfaces have one dimension on the nanoscale, i.e., only the thickness of the surface of an object is between 0.1 and 100 nm. Nanotubes have two dimensions on the nanoscale, i.e., the diameter of the tube is between 0.1 and 100 nm; its length can be far more. Finally, spherical nanoparticles have three dimensions on the nanoscale, i.e., the particle is between 0.1 and 100 nm in each spatial dimension. The terms nanoparticles and ultrafine particles (UFP) are often used synonymously although UFP can reach into the micrometre range. The term nanostructure is often used when referring to magnetic technology.

Nanoscale structure in biology is often called ultrastructure.

Properties of nanoscale objects and ensembles of these objects are widely studied in physics.[2] Employment of nanostructures gives advantage to development of such fields as energy storage[3] and quantum computing.[4]

List of nanostructures

See also


  1. M. Strong (2004). "Protein Nanomachines". PLoS Biol. 2 (3): e73–e74. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0020073. PMC 368168Freely accessible. PMID 15024422.
  2. Hubler, A.; Lyon, D. (2013). "Gap size dependence of the dielectric strength in nano vacuum gaps". IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation. doi:10.1109/TDEI.2013.6571470.
  3. Shinn, E.; Hubler, A.; Lyon, D.; Grosse-Perdekamp, M.; Bezryadin, A.; Belkin, A. (2012). "Nuclear energy conversion with stacks of graphene nanocapacitors". Complexity. doi:10.1002/21427.
  4. Hubler, A.; Osuagwu, O. (2010). "Digital quantum batteries: Energy and information storage in nanovacuum tube arrays". Complexity. doi:10.1002/cplx.20306.
  5. A., Belkin; A., Hubler; A., Bezrydin (2015). "Self-Assembled Wiggling Nano-Structures and the Principle of Maximum Entropy Production". Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 8323. doi:10.1038/srep08323.
  6. Stephenson, C.; Hubler, A. (2015). "Stability and conductivity of self assembled wires in a transverse electric field". Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 15044. doi:10.1038/srep15044.

External links

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