Naberezhnye Chelny

Naberezhnye Chelny (English)
Набережные Челны (Russian)
Яр Чаллы (Tatar)
-  City[1]  -

Clockwise from top: Boulevard of Enthusiasts, «2/18» Business Centre, City view from Kama River, IT park

Location of the Republic of Tatarstan in Russia
Naberezhnye Chelny
Location of Naberezhnye Chelny in the Republic of Tatarstan
Coordinates: 55°41′N 52°19′E / 55.683°N 52.317°E / 55.683; 52.317Coordinates: 55°41′N 52°19′E / 55.683°N 52.317°E / 55.683; 52.317
Coat of arms
City Day August 10
Administrative status (as of December 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of Tatarstan[1]
Administratively subordinated to city of republic significance of Naberezhnye Chelny[1]
Administrative center of Tukayevsky District,[1] city of republic significance of Naberezhnye Chelny[1]
Municipal status (as of January 2005)
Urban okrug Naberezhnye Chelny Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Naberezhnye Chelny Urban Okrug,[2] Tukayevsky Municipal District[3]
Mayor Vasil Shaykhraziyev
Representative body City Council
Population (2010 Census) 513,193 inhabitants[4]
- Rank in 2010 35th
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[5]
Founded c. 1172
City status since April 10, 1930
Previous names Naberezhnye Chelny (until November 18, 1982),
Brezhnev (until 1988)
Postal code(s)[6] 423800-423849
Dialing code(s) +7 8552
Official website
Naberezhnye Chelny on Wikimedia Commons

Naberezhnye Chelny (Russian: Набережные Челны; IPA: [ˈnabʲɪrʲɪʐnɨjə tɕɪlˈnɨ]; Tatar: Cyrillic Яр Чаллы, Latin Yar Çallı) is the second largest city in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. A major industrial center, Naberezhnye Chelny stands on the Kama River 225 kilometers (140 mi) east of Kazan near Nizhnekamsk Reservoir. Population: 513,193(2010 Census);[4] 509,870(2002 Census);[7] 500,309(1989 Census).[8]


It was granted town status on August 10, 1930, and was called Brezhnev (after Leonid Brezhnev) from 1982 to 1988.[9]

The city of Naberezhnye Chelny was one of the residence centers of the Udmurt Jews, who spoke Udmurtish Yiddish.[10]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Naberezhnye Chelny serves as the administrative center of Tukayevsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of republic significance of Naberezhnye Chelny—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of republic significance of Naberezhnye Chelny is incorporated as Naberezhnye Chelny Urban Okrug.[2]


Kamaz and ZMA trucks are produced there, and the city is one of the largest planned centers in the world related to vehicle production. With more than two square miles dedicated to production, the Kamaz plant is the largest vehicle factory in the world.

SPRUT Technology, Ltd. oldest Russian's developers of PC-based  CAx software including SprutCAM was founded at 1987 in Naberezhnye Chelny.


Long-distance transport

Naberezhnye Chelny is a major railway, motor transport, and aviation hub, known on the Kama river port.

The city has a structural unit of the Kuibyshev Railway JSC "Russian Railways" - Kama KBS railway department, which carries out operational management of transport in the Kama region (railroad Agryz Akbash). Immediately Naberezhnye Chelny city is served by two railway stations.

First, this station Round the field with 28 station ways for receiving and departure of trains, freight yard for loading and unloading cars, sorting slide for the formation and dissolution of the trains.

Second, its cargo-passenger station Naberezhnye Chelny accommodates loading and unloading of wagons supplied by access roads to distribution centers and processing plants. A modern combined train and bus station was built allowing simultaneous reception of 1,500 passengers. The station Naberezhnye Chelny long-distance trains follow a direct line to Moscow, Kazan, Ulyanovsk, Izhevsk, Bugul'ma, and in the summer to Adler. Local train service provided flights rail buses to Mendeleyevsk and Bugul'my.

In addition, the city has departmental railway sector, belonging to OJSC "KAMAZ" and JSC "Kamgesenergostroy" that can handle up to 1,200 cars per day.

River port Naberezhnye Chelny allows you to receive treatment under dry cargo and passenger ships mixed "river-sea". It has a dock for the processing, storage of packaged cargoes and containers. Its length is 217 linear meters, with design possibilities for cargo up to 112 tons in the navigation. The port has a river and a passenger station, which can simultaneously dock four vessels. Infrastructure station can serve up to 200,000 passengers for navigation.

International Airport Begishevo serves the cities Nizhnekamsk agglomeration and Nizhnekamsk WPK.


City - a large knot of highways, bus station has numerous suburban and intercity bus routes.[11]
Pass federal highway "Volga"Template:The plate-eu Moscow - Vladimir - Nizhny Novgorod - Kazan - 'Naberezhnye Chelny' - Ufa (entrance to the city Izhevsk and Perm).
entrances to other federal roads (through the city Almetevsk and Bugul'ma):
Urals | | Moscow - Ryazan - Penza - Samara - Ufa
Kazan - Orenburg

Public transportation

Public transport represents 13 tram routes, more than 30 bus routes and taxi, the taxi (including the so-called Social taxi carrying several passengers fares in taxis).

Naberezhnochelninsky tram is one of the latest new tram systems in the USSR and Russia, which is close to the light rail. It was created to provide a large passenger flows between the residential areas of the city and a vast industrial complex KAMAZ and other large enterprises. One of the very few in post-Soviet Russia, a tram system of the city has increased in the 1990s and 2000s, and has plans for further development, including both new construction sites in the city, and creating inter-city light rail line to the Yelabuga, a project which was developed in the Soviet period. Served by the system now LLC "Electric transport".

In the late 1980s - early 1990s there was a project of the city also trolley motion, which was eventually rejected due to dispersion of resources not appropriate in the presence of a large tram system.


Alkonost, a Russian doom-folk metal band, was formed in Naberezhnye Chelny in 1995.


FC KAMAZ Naberezhnye Chelny is an association football club based in Naberezhnye Chelny, playing in the Russian First Division.


Sister cities



  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Order #01-02/9
  2. 1 2 3 Law #47-ZRT
  3. Law #42-ZRT
  4. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  5. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  8. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  9. Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 289. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  10. Altyntsev A.V., "The Concept of Love in Ashkenazim of Udmurtia and Tatarstan", Nauka Udmurtii. 2013. № 4 (66), p. 131. (Алтынцев А.В., "Чувство любви в понимании евреев-ашкенази Удмуртии и Татарстана". Наука Удмуртии. 2013. №4. С. 131: Комментарии.) (Russian)
  11. | Schedule intercity bus, rail, flights Naberezhnye Chelny


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