A NACA score is a scoring system of the severity in cases of medical emergencies such as injuries, diseases or poisonings. It was developed from the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics for accidents in aviation.
|NACA 0|| No injury or disease. |
This category is often deleted replaced by NACA I.
|NACA I||Minor disturbance. No medical intervention is required.||E.g. slight abrasion.|
|NACA II||Slight to moderate disturbance. Outpatient medical investigation, but usually no emergency medical measures necessary.||for example, fracture of a finger bone, moderate cuts, dehydration.|
|NACA III||Moderate to severe but not life-threatening disorder. Stationary treatment required, often emergency medical measures on the site||e.g. femur fracture, milder stroke, smoke inhalation.|
|NACA IV||Serious incident where rapid development into a life-threatening condition can not be excluded. In the majority of cases, emergency medical care is required||for example. vertebral injury with neurological deficit, severe asthma attack; drug poisoning.|
|NACA V||Acute danger||for example, third grade skull or brain trauma, severe heart attack, significant opioid poisoning.|
|NACA VI||respiratory and/or cardiac arrest||---|
- ÖGAN / Scoring systems in emergency medicine (in German)