N. T. Rama Rao

"N.T.R" redirects here. For other uses, see NTR.
Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao
10th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
In office
9 January 1983  16 August 1984
Governor K. C. Abraham
Thakur Ram Lal
Preceded by Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy
Succeeded by Nadendla Bhaskara Rao
In office
16 September 1984  2 December 1989
Governor Shankar Dayal Sharma
Preceded by Nadendla Bhaskara Rao
Succeeded by Marri Chenna Reddy
In office
12 December 1994  1 September 1995
Governor Krishan Kant
Preceded by Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy
Succeeded by Nara Chandrababu Naidu
Personal details
Born Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao
(1923-05-28)28 May 1923
Nimmakuru, Andhra Pradesh, India
Died 18 January 1996(1996-01-18) (aged 72)
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
(now Telangana, India)
Cause of death Cardiac arrest
Political party Telugu Desam Party
Other political
National Front (1989–1996)
Spouse(s) Basavatarakam (m. 1942–85) (deceased)
Lakshmi Parvathi (m. 1993)
Children Nandamuri Ramakrishna Sr. (deceased)
Nandamuri Jayakrishna
Nandamuri Saikrishna (deceased)
Nandamuri Harikrishna
Nandamuri Mohanakrishna
Nandamuri Balakrishna
Nandamuri Ramakrishna Jr.
Nandamuri Jayashankar Krishna
Garapati Lokeswari
Daggubati Purandeswari
Nara Bhuvaneswari
Kantamaneni Uma Maheswari
Alma mater Andhra-Christian College, Guntur
Religion Hinduism
Awards Padma Shri (1968)
National Film Awards

Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (28 May 1923 – 18 January 1996), popularly known as N. T. Rama Rao or by his initials NTR, was an Indian film actor, writer, director, producer, and politician who also served as the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh for three terms.

NTR has received three National Film Awards for co-producing Thodu Dongalu (1954) and Seetharama Kalyanam (1960) under National Art Theater, Madras,[1] and directing Varakatnam (1970),[2] NTR has received the erstwhile Rashtrapati Awards for his performance(s) in the films Raju Peda (1954), and Lava Kusa (1963).[3][4][5] He garnered the Nandi Award for Best Actor for Kodalu Diddina Kapuram in 1970, and the Inaugural Filmfare Award for Best Actor – Telugu in 1972 for Badi Panthulu.[3][5][5][6]

NTR made his debut as an actor in a Telugu social film Mana Desam, directed by L. V. Prasad in 1949. He gained popularity in the 1950s when he became well known for his portrayals of Hindu deities, especially Krishna and Rama,[7] roles which have made him a "messiah of the masses".[8] He later became known for portraying antagonistic characters and Robin Hood-esque hero characters in films. In total he starred in 300 films, and has become one of the most prominent figures in the history of Telugu cinema.[9][10][11][12] He was voted 'Greatest Indian Actor of All Time' in a CNN-IBN national poll conducted in 2013 on the occasion of the Centenary of Indian Cinema.[13][14][15][16]

He has starred in films like Patala Bhairavi (1951), which premiered at the first India International Film Festival, held in Mumbai on 24 January 1952,[17][18] Malliswari (1951), premiered at Asia Pacific Film Festival,[19] the enduring classics Mayabazar (1957), and Nartanasala (1963), featured at Afro Asian film festival in Jakarta.[20] All the four films were included in CNN-IBN's list of hundred greatest Indian films of all time.[21]

He co-produced, Ummadi Kutumbam nominated by Film Federation of India as one of its entries to the 1968 Moscow Film Festival.[9][22] Besides Telugu, he has also acted in a few Tamil films.[23] Widely recognised for his portrayal of mythological characters, NTR was one of the leading method actors of Indian cinema,[7] He was referred to in the media as Viswa Vikhyatha Nata Sarvabhouma.[24] He was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India in 1968, recognizing his contribution to Indian cinema.

After his career in films, NTR entered politics. He founded the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) in 1982 and served three tumultuous terms as Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh between 1983 and 1995. He was known as an advocate of Andhra Pradesh's distinct cultural identity, distinguishing it from the erstwhile Madras State with which it was often associated. At the national level, he was instrumental in the formation of the National Front, a coalition of non-Congress parties which governed India from 1989 until 1990.[25]

Early life

N. T. Rama Rao (NTR) was born on 28 May 1923 in Nimmakuru, a small village in Gudivada taluk of Krishna District, which was a part of the erstwhile Madras Presidency of British India. He was born to a farming couple, Nandamuri Lakshmaih and Venkata Ramamma, but was given in adoption to his paternal uncle. He attended school at first in his village, and later in Vijayawada. After his matriculation in 1940, he studied at SRR & CVR college in Vijayawada and at the Andhra-Christian College in Guntur. In 1947, he joined the Madras Service Commission as a sub-registrar, a much-coveted job that he nevertheless quit within three weeks to devote himself to acting.[26] He developed a baritone singing voice as a young man.[7]

Acting career

A still of N. T. Rama Rao, in 1952.

NTR started his film career with a walk-on role as a policeman in Mana Desam (1949).[7] Following this, he appeared in Palletoori Pilla, directed by B. A. Subba Rao.[27] His first mythological film was in 1957, where he portrayed Krishna in the blockbuster film Maya Bazaar.[28] He essayed the role of Krishna in 17 films,[28] including some landmark films like Sri Krishnarjuna Yudham (1962), the Tamil film Karnan (1964) and Daana Veera Soora Karna (1977). He was also Known for his portrayal of Lord Rama, essaying that role in films like Lava Kusha (1963), and Shri Ramanjaneya Yuddham (1974) to name a few. He has also portrayed other characters from the Ramayana, such as Ravana in Bhookailas (1958) and Seetharama Kalyanam (1961) among others. He portrayed Lord Vishnu in films like Sri Venkateswara Mahatyam (1960) among others and Lord Shiva in Dakshayagnam (1962). He has also enacted the roles of Mahabharatha characters, such as Bheeshma, Arjuna, Karna and Duryodhana.

Later in his career, he stopped playing the role of a prince in his commercial films and began to play roles of a poor yet heroic young man fighting against the existing system. These films appealed to the sentiments of the common man. Some of these films are Devudu Chesina Manushulu (1973), Adavi Ramudu (1977), Driver Ramudu (1979), Vetagadu (1979), Sardar Papa Rayudu (1980), Kondaveeti Simham (1981), Justice Chowdhary (1982) and Bobbili Puli (1982). He also portrayed fantasy roles, his notable film in that genre being Yamagola (1977). His film Lava Kusa, in which he starred as Rama, collected 10 million rupees in 1963. He directed and acted in the hagiographical film Shrimad Virat Veerabrahmendra Swami Charitra (1984). He also acted in films like Brahmasri Viswamitra (1991) and Major Chandrakanth (1993). His last film was Srinatha Kavi Sarvabhowmudu, a biopic on the Telugu poet Srinatha which released in 1993.

In the later half of his career, NTR became a screenwriter. Despite having no formal training in scriptwriting, he authored several screenplays for his own movies as well as for other producers. He also produced many of his films as well as other actor's films through his film production house National Art Theater Private Limited, Madras and later Ramakrishna Studios, Hyderabad. He actively campaigned for the construction of a large number of cinemas through this production house.[29] He was influential in designing and implementing a financial system that funded the production and distribution of movies.[30] He was so dedicated to his profession that he would often learn new things in order to portray a particular character on-screen perfectly and realistically. At the age of 40, he learnt dance from the renowned Kuchipudi dancer Vempati Chinna Satyam for his role in the film Nartanasala (1963).[31]

Political career

NTR entered politics when he founded the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) on 29 March 1982 in Hyderabad. He said that this decision was based on a historic need to rid Andhra Pradesh of the corrupt and inept rule of the Indian National Congress which had governed the state since its formation in 1956 and whose leadership had changed the Chief Minister five times in five years.[32]

In the elections, the TDP allied with the Sanjaya Vichara Manch party and decided to field educated candidates who had a good name in the society and were not indulging in corruption, which was an innovative political concept at the time. NTR himself decided to contest from two assembly constituencies, Gudivada and Tirupati. NTR used many innovative ways of campaigning, such as being the first politician in India to use rath yatras for campaigning. However it was MGR who had started the opentop van campaigning for elections, as it was felt that he can address the roadshows as an alternative to the mammoth meetings, which involves large amount of money as well as manpower.[33] For this, he used a modified Chevrolet van which was given the name of Chaitanya Ratham. In this, NTR travelled across the state of Andhra Pradesh, crisscrossing all the districts. With his son Nandamuri Harikrishna, also a film actor, driving the van, NTR notched up over 75,000 kilometres during his campaign, a distinctive sight with the van's yellow party flags and banners and NTR sitting on top of the vehicle hailing the crowds.[34] NTR campaigned for restoring the dignity of the Telugu people and advocated the forming a closer bond between the government and the common people, going into the elections with the slogan, Telugu Vari Atma Gauravam (lit. Telugu people's self-respect).[35]

In the elections, the TDP won by an absolute majority, winning 199 out of the 294 seats in the state assembly, with NTR himself winning both the seats he contested.[36][37] Their alliance with the Sanjaya Vichara Manch fetched 202 seats. NTR was sworn in as the 10th and the first non-Congress Chief Minister of the state on 9 January 1983 with ten cabinet ministers and five ministers of State.[38]

On 15 August 1984, NTR was removed from office by the then-governor Ramlal while he was in the USA to undergo open heart surgery.[39] His finance minister, Nadendla Bhaskara Rao, a former Congressman who joined the TDP during its inception, was made the Chief Minister by Ramlal. Bhaskar Rao purportedly had the support of majority of the TDP MLAs which was never the case. NTR returned to India immediately after his surgery, disputed the claims by Bhaskara Rao and demonstrated his strength by bringing all the MLAs supporting him, which was a majority in the 294 member assembly, to the Raj Bhavan (Governor's Office).[39] Ramlal did not relent, as a result of which NTR relaunched his Chaitanya Ratham campaign, this time campaigning for the restoration of democracy by mobilizing the support of people and various anti-Congress political parties in the country including the Janata Party (JP), the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the Left Front, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), and the National Conference (NC). During the one month crisis, the MLAs supporting NTR were secured in a secret place to avoid horse-trading. Due to mobilization of several political parties and the people and due to press, Indira Gandhi, unwillingly removed Governor Ramlal and appointed a Congress veteran, Shankar Dayal Sharma, as the governor of Andhra Pradesh to pave the way for restoring NTR.[40] Shankar Dayal Sharma removed Bhaskara Rao from power and restored NTR as the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh in September 1984.

Statue of NTR

A month later, Indira Gandhi was assassinated and was succeeded as prime minister by her son, Rajiv Gandhi. In the ensuing national elections to the Lok Sabha, the Congress, riding on the sympathy wave caused by Gandhi's assassination, won convincingly all over the country except in Andhra Pradesh where the TDP secured a landslide victory. TDP achieved the rare distinction of becoming the first regional party to become the main opposition party in the Lok Sabha. Meanwhile, in the state, NTR recommended dissolution of the Assembly and called for fresh elections the following year in the state the following year to ensure the people had a fresh choice to elect their representatives. The TDP again won with a massive majority in those elections, with NTR winning from 3 seats; Hindupur,[41] Nalgonda[42] and Gudivada,[36] thus marking the beginning of his second term as Chief Minister. Senior Leaders of the Congress in the state including former Chief Ministers Kasu Brahmananda Reddy and Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy lost in their constituencies of Narasaraopet and Kurnool respectively to the TDP.

NTR completed his five-year term as Chief Minister. In the December 1989 assembly elections however, he was voted out of power due to a wave of anti-incumbency sweeping the state as a result of which the Congress returned to power. NTR himself lost from Kalwakurthy by a narrow margin to the Congress,[43] but retained the Hindupur assembly seat.[41] During this time, he suffered a mild stroke, as a result of which he was unable to campaign, which, according to some political analysts and TDP supporters, was the reason for the TDP's loss. However, during this period, he established himself in national politics, forming a coalition of non-Congress parties opposed to the Congress known as the National Front. It included parties, besides the TDP, such as the Janata Dal, the DMK, the Asom Gana Parishad (AGP) and the Indian Congress (Socialist). This alliance governed India between 1989 and 1990 with support from the Left Front and the BJP. Meanwhile, NTR assumed the position as the Leader of Opposition in the state.

NTR returned to power for a third and final time in the December 1994 state assembly elections with his party in alliance with the Left Front. This alliance won 250 seats in the 294 seat Assembly, with the TDP alone winning 226. The Congress, which once again had multiple Chief Ministers in the state during its five-year rule between 1989 and 1994, won only 26 seats. NTR contested again from Hindupur and won the seat for the third consecutive time,[41] achieving a rare hat-trick of wins from the same assembly constituency. He also won from another assembly constituency, Tekkali.[44]

NTR's third term only lasted nine months. On 23 August 1995, he was removed as Chief Minister and as the president of the TDP by his son-in-law, Nara Chandrababu Naidu, who engineered an internal party coup against him and took over the offices.[45] Naidu claimed that the reason for overthrowing NTR was that the latter was planning to hand over the reins of the party to his second wife Lakshmi Parvathi and felt that the party was in danger of disintegrating under her rule. Most of the TDP MLA's sided with Naidu and camped at the Viceroy Hotel in Hyderabad, the centre of the revolt.[46] NTR's sons Nandamuri Harikrishna, Nandamuri Balakrishna and his other son-in-law Daggubati Venkateswara Rao played a crucial role in the coup but all of them fell out with Naidu soon afterwards.[47] The reason for this is that Naidu is said have promised to make Venkateswara Rao the Deputy Chief Minister and Harikrishna the party's general secretary, but he sidelined all of them soon after becoming the Chief Minister and Party President.[46] In an emotional interview after the coup, NTR called the coup a planned treachery and lambasted Naidu for being power-hungry and untrustworthy, likening him to Aurangzeb, the Mughal Emperor who jailed his father and killed his siblings to become the King of the Mughal Empire.[48]

Achievements as Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh

NTR reflected socialist and populist views in several of his policies and provided basic necessities such as home, clothes and food and subsidies on them for people below the poverty line. He was also an advocate of women's rights and worked on a bill to amend inheritance law to provide equal rights for women to inherit ancestral property, enacted in 1986. He introduced many populist schemes such as the Midday Meal Scheme for poor children, rice at 2/kg, subsidised electricity and prohibiting the sale of alcohol in the state among others. He started the EAMCET (Engineering, Agricultural and Medical Common Entrance Test) which allowed students to join a professional college on merit. He was also a champion of social justice and introduced various measures that broke the upper-caste hegemony in various areas. He passed legislations allowing private transport operators to compete with the government-owned APSRTC. He also pioneered the Telugu Ganga project with support from the Government of Tamil Nadu, which provides water from the Krishna river for drinking and irrigation purposes to Rayalaseema and Chennai. He was a fierce advocate of Telugu pride and was instrumental in shifting the Telugu Film Industry from Madras to Hyderabad. [33]

Achievements at the national level

NTR earned a seat for the poor in Andhra Pradesh at the centre via well-thought out political decisions. NTR extended un-qualified support (cleared an MP seat and did not field a TDP candidate) to Congress leader and former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh P. V. Narasimha Rao resulting in the latter winning from the state and entering Parliament for the first time in his long career with a record majority. While the Congress wanted Narasimha Rao to be a powerless un-elected (Rajya Sabha member) yes-man of the Nehru-Gandhi family, NTR actively made sure Narasimha Rao had independent power. This earned Telugu people some influence even when the Congress was in power at the centre. His National Front government at the centre led by V. P. Singh was at the forefront of social justice by implementing the provisions in the Mandal Commission for providing 27% reservation for Other Backward Classes (OBC's).

Campaigning in other states

NTR also campaigned in other states, besides Andhra Pradesh. In 1984, when the then Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu and fellow actor M. G. Ramachandran (MGR) was unable to campaign in the state elections due to his being hospitalised in the USA. NTR, who was a close friend of MGR, campaigned for his party, the 'All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), despite the fact that party was an ally of the Congress at the time. As leader of the National Front, he campaigned extensively for the constituent parties when they faced elections, again using his Chaitanya Ratham campaigning concept.[49]

Personal life

In May 1943, at the age of 20, while still pursuing his Intermediate, NTR married Basava Tarakam, the daughter of his maternal uncle. The couple had eight sons and four daughters.[50]

His eldest son, Nandamuri Ramakrishna Sr., died in 1962, soon after NTR completed shooting of the film Dakshayagnam. NTR founded the film studio Ramakrishna Studios in Nacharam in his memory. His fourth son, Nandamuri Harikrishna, is a child actor-turned-politician elected to the Rajya Sabha, representing the TDP. Harikrishna's sons Nandamuri Kalyan Ram and Jr. NTR are also actors in the Telugu film industry (Tollywood),[51] with the latter being one of the top actors in the industry today. His sixth son, Nandamuri Balakrishna is one of the leading actors in Tollywood from the mid-1980s. He also started his career as a child artist. Balakrishna has contested 2014 assembly elections as a TDP candidate.[52] He won the Hindupur Assembly Constituency. His seventh son, Nandamuri Ramakrishna Jr. is a film producer. His third son,Nandamuri Saikrishna, who was a theatre owner, died in 2004 following diabetic complications.[53] The other sons Jayakrishna and Mohanakrishna are noted cinematographers. Mohanakrishna's son Taraka Ratna is also a Tollywood actor.

NTR's second daughter, Daggubati Purandeswari has represented the Indian National Congress in the Lok Sabha and was a Union Minister. She shifted her allegiance to the Bharatiya Janata Party.[54][55]

Basava Tarakam died of cancer in 1985.[56] In her memory, NTR established the Basavatarakam Indo-American Cancer Hospital in Hyderabad in 1986.[57] In 1993, NTR married Lakshmi Parvathi, a Telugu writer.[58] She was the author of his 2-volume biography of NTR, published in 2004. The first volume 'Eduruleni Manishi' deals with his younger days and the film career. The second volume, 'Telugu Tejam' deals with his political career.[59][60]

Awards and honors

Civilian honor
National Film Awards
Rashtrapati Awards
Nandi Awards
Filmfare Awards South

Other honors

Awards instituted in the honor of NTR

The NTR National Award is a national award in honour of NTR. It was instituted in 1996 by the Government of Andhra Pradesh to recognise notable film personalities for their lifetime achievements and contributions to the Indian film industry.[63]

The NTR National Literary Award was instituted by the NTR Vignan Trust, as an annual award to recognise people for their lifetime achievements and contributions to Indian literature. [64]

Universities placed in the honor of NTR

Dr. N.T.R. University of Health Sciences was established as University of Health Sciences by the government of Andhra Pradesh and was inaugurated on 9 April by N. T. Rama Rao, the then Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh in the city of Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India. It started functioning on 1 November 1986.[65] After the death of Rama Rao, it was decided to rename the University after him, and this was carried out on 2 February 1998.[66] The university celebrated its silver jubilee from 1–3 November 2011.[67]

Selected filmography

As an actor, director and producer.

Below is the selected filmography, of some prominent films of N. T. Rama Rao. For the full list of 300 films, see N. T. Rama Rao filmography.

Year Film Role Director Producer Genre Notes
1 1949 Mana Desam Police officer L.V. Prasad C. Krishnaveni
Mirjapuram Raja
Social Small role
2 1950 Shavukaru Satyam L.V. Prasad Aluri Chakrapani
B. Nagi Reddy
3 Palletoori Pilla Jayanth B. A. Subba Rao B. A. Subba Rao Social First film shot as actor in lead role. Shavukaru shot later released earlier.
4 Samsaram Raghu L.V. Prasad K.V.Krishna
C.V.Ranganatha Das
5 1951 Patala Bhairavi Thota Ramudu K.V.Reddy Nagi Reddy
6 Malliswari Nagaraju B.N.Reddy Historical
7 1952 Pelli Chesi Choodu Ramana L.V. Prasad Nagi Reddy
8 Palletooru Chandram T. Prakash Rao P. Sivaramaiah Social
9 1953 Pitchi Pullaiah Pullaiah T. PrakasaRao N. Trivikrama Rao Social
10 1954 Vaddante Dabbu Shyam Y.R.Swami Social
11 Thodu Dongalu Paramesam D. Yoganand N. Trivikrama Rao Social National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu
- Certificate of Merit[2][61]
12 Rechukka Kannaiah P. Pullaiah Ghantasala Krishnamurthy Classical
13 Raju Peda Poligadu (Thief) B. A. Subba Rao B. A. Subba Rao Classical Filmfare Best Film Award (Telugu)
14 Parivartana Ananda Rao T. Prakash Rao Janatha Pictures Social
15 1955 Missamma L.V. Prasad Aluri Chakrapani
B. Nagi Reddy
16 Kanyasulkam Gireesam P. Pullaiah D. L. Narayana Social
17 Jayasimha Jayasimha D. Yoganand N. Trivikrama Rao Classical
18 1956 Tenali Ramakrishna Sri Krishna Deva Raya B. S. Ranga Vikram Productions Historical All India Certificate of Merit for Best Feature Film
National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu[18]
19 Chiranjeevulu Mohan Vedantam Raghavaiah D. L. Narayana Social
20 1957 Vinayaka Chaviti Lord Krishna Samudrala Raghavacharya K. Gopala Rao Mythological
21 Bhagya Rekha Ravi B.N.Reddy A.Sankar Reddy Social National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu[68]
22 Kutumba Gauravam Gopal B. S. Ranga B. S. Ranga Social
23 Panduranga Mahatyam Pundarika Kamalakara Kameshwara Rao N. Trivikrama Rao Mythological
24 Mayabazar Lord Krishna K.V.Reddy Aluri Chakrapani
B. Nagi Reddy
25 1958 Bhookailas Ravana K. Shankar A.V. Meiyappan Mythological
26 1959 Appu Chesi Pappu Koodu Raja Rao L. V. Prasad B.Nagi Reddy Social
27 Rechukka-Pagati Chukka Kumar Kamalakara Kameswara Rao N. Trivikrama Rao Classical
28 Sabash Ramudu Ramachandra Rao (Rickshaw driver) C. S. Rao Sunderlal Nahata, T. Aswathanarayana Social
29 Banda Ramudu Ramudu (Thief) P. Pullaiah S. Bhavanarayana, D.B.Narayana Social
30 1960 Sri Venkateswara Mahatyam Vishnu,
P. Pullaiah P. Pullaiah Classical
31 Rajamakutam Prince Pratap B.N.Reddy B.Nagi Reddy Classical
32 Devanthakudu Vijay S. A. Chandrasekhar Narayana Rao Classical First socio fantasy film in Telugu[69][70]
33 Bhatti Vikramarka Vikramarka Jampana P. V. V. Satyanarayana Murthy Classical
34 1961 Seetharama Kalyanam Ravana N. T. Rama Rao National Art Theater, Madras Mythological National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu
— Certificate of Merit[71]
35 Jagadeka Veeruni Katha Yuvaraju Prathap Kadiri Venkata Reddy Kadiri Venkata Reddy Classical
36 Kalasi Vunte Kaladu Sukham Kishtaiah Tapi Chanakya Y. Rama Krishna Prasad,C. V. R. Prasad Social
37 1962 Gulebakavali Katha Vijay N. T. Rama Rao N. Trivikrama Rao Classical
38 Bhishma Bhishma B. A. Subba Rao B. A. Subba Rao Mythological
39 Dakshayagnam Lord Shiva Kadaru Nagabhushanam Kadaru Nagabhushanam
40 Raktha Sambandham Raju (Brother) V. Madhusudan Rao Doondi
Sunderlal Nahata
41 Gundamma Katha Anjaneya Prasad Kamalakara Kameswara Rao Nagi Reddy
42 Mahamantri Timmarusu Sri Krishna Deva Raya Kamalakara Kameshwara Rao Atluri Pundarikakshaiah
N. Ramabrahmam
Historical National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu[72]
43 1963 Sri Krishnarjuna Yudham Lord Krishna Kadiri Venkata Reddy Kadiri Venkata Reddy
Pattabhirama Reddy
44 Irugu Porugu Ravi I.S.Murthy Chilamkuri Vijaya Madhavi Social
45 Valmiki Raksha, Valmiki C. S. Rao S. K. Habeebulla Historical
46 Lava Kusa Lord Rama C. Pullaiah
C. S. Rao
Shankar Reddy Mythological National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu[73]
47 Bandipotu Narasimha B. Vittalacharya Sunderlal Nahta, Doondy Classical
48 Nartanasala Arjuna,
Kamalakara Kameswara Rao Lakshmi Rajyam
Sridhar Rao
Mythological National Film Award for Second Best Feature Film[73]
49 Manchi Chedu Gopi (Thief) T. R. Ramanna T. R. Ramanna Social
50 1964 Ramudu Bheemudu Ramudu,
Bheemudu (Dual role)
Tapi Chanakya D. Rama Naidu Social
51 Gudi Gantalu V. Madhusudhan Rao Rajyalakshmi Art Movies Social
52 1965 Pandava Vanavasam Bheemudu Kamalakara Kameshwara Rao Madhavee Productions Mythological
53 Satya Harishchandra Harishchandra K.V.Reddy K.V.Reddy Mythological
54 1966 Shri Krishna Pandaviyam Duryodhana,
Lord Krishna
N. T. Rama Rao Mythological
55 Palnati Yudham Brahma Naidu Gutha Ramineedu Tagirisa Hanumantha Rao Historical National Film Award for Second Best Feature Film[74]
56 1967 Gopaludu Bhoopaludu Gopi, Raja (Dual role) G. Viswanathan S. Bhavanarayana Classical
57 Ummadi Kutumbam D. Yoganand N. Trivikrama Rao Social
58 Shri Krishnavataram Lord Krishna Kamalakara Kameshwara Rao Atluri Pundarikakshaiah Mythological
59 Aada Paduchu Satyam (Brother) K. Hemambharadhara Rao K. Hemambharadhara Rao Social
60 1968 Uma Chandi Gowri Shankarula Katha Lord Shiva, Sankara K. V. Reddy K. V. Reddy Classical
61 Tikka Shankaraiah Mohan, Shankaraiah
(Dual role)
D. Yoganand D. V. S. Raju Social
62 Ramu A. C. Tirulokchandar A. V. Meiyappan Social
63 1969 Varakatnam Devasimha N. T. Rama Rao N. Trivikrama Rao Social National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu
64 Kathanayakudu K. Hemambaradhara Rao Social
65 Bhale Thammudu Shyam, Ram/Paul
(Dual role)
B. A. Subba Rao Atluri Pundarikakshayya Social
66 1970 Thalla Pellama N. T. Rama Rao N. T. Rama Rao Social
67 Ali Baba 40 Dongalu alibaba B. V. Vittalachrya Classical
68 Kodalu Diddina Kapuram D. Yoganand N. Trivikrama Rao Social Nandi Award for Best Feature Film
Nandi Award for Best Actor
69 1971 Raithu Bidda B. A. Subba Rao K. Venkata Ramaiah Social
70 1972 Sri Krishna Satya Lord Krishna Kadiri Venkata Reddy N. Trivikrama Rao Mythological
71 Badi Panthulu Raghava Rao (Teacher) P. Perraju Social Filmfare Best Actor Award (Telugu)
72 1973 Devudu Chesina Manushulu V. Ramachandra Rao V. Ramachandra Rao
Tripuraneni Maharadhi
73 Vaade Veedu D. Yoganand Ramabrahmam Social
74 1974 Tatamma Kala Dual role N. T. Rama Rao N. T. Rama Rao Social
75 Nippulanti Manishi S. D. Lal Y. V. Rao Social
76 1975 Kathanayakuni Katha D. Yoganand K. D. V. Prasad Social
77 1976 Neram Nadi Kadu Akalidi Vikram S.D.Lal YV Rao Social
78 1977 Daana Veera Soora Karna Karna,
Lord Krishna (3 roles)
N. T. Rama Rao N. T. Rama Rao Mythological
79 Adavi Ramudu Ramu K. Raghavendra Rao Satyanarayana Suryanarayana (Satya Chitra) Social
80 Yamagola Ramu/Satyam Tatineni Rama Rao S. Venkataratnam Social
81 1978 Sri Rama Pattabhishekam Lord Rama, Ravana N. T. Rama Rao N. T. Rama Rao Mythological
82 1979 Sri Madvirata Parvam Lord Krishna, Arjuna, Duryodhana, Brihannala
& Kichaka (5 roles)
N. T. Rama Rao N. T. Rama Rao Mythological
83 1980 Sardar Papa Rayudu Papa Rayudu, Ram
(Dual role)
Dasari Narayana Rao Kranthi Kumar Historical
84 1981 Gaja Donga Raja, Krishna/Gold Man
(Dual role)
K. Raghavendra Rao Chalasani Gopi K. Nageswara Rao Social
85 1982 Bobbili Puli Chakradhar Dasari Narayana Rao Vadde Ramesh Social
86 Justice Chowdary Chowdary, Ramu
(Dual role)
K. Raghavendra Rao Social
87 Naa Desam Bharath K. Bapaiah K. Devi Vara Prasad S. Venkataratnam Social
88 1983 Chanda Sasanudu Harishchandra Prasad, Raja (Dual role) N. T. Rama Rao N. T. Rama Rao Social
89 1984 Shrimad Virat Veerabrahmendra Swami Charitra Veerabrahmam,
Gautama Buddha,
Aadi Shankaracharya,
Ramanujacharya &
Yogi Vemana
N. T. Rama Rao N. T. Rama Rao Historical
90 1991 Brahmashri Vishwamitra Vishvamitra N. T. Rama Rao N. T. Rama Rao Mythological
91 1992 Samrat Ashoka Ashoka N. T. Rama Rao N. T. Rama Rao Historical
92 1993 Major Chandrakanth Chandrakanth K. Raghavendra Rao Mohan Babu Social
93 1993 Srinatha Kavi Sarvabhowmudu Srinatha Bapu Nandamuri Ramakrishna Historical Last Film

As a writer

State elections contested

As Assembly member

Year General Election Party Constituency Result
1983 7th Assembly Telugu Desam Party Gudivada Won
1985 8th Assembly Telugu Desam Party Gudivada
1989 9th Assembly Telugu Desam Party Hindupur
Kalwakurthy lost
1994 10th Assembly Telugu Desam Party Hindupur Won


NTR died of a heart attack on 18 January 1996 at his residence in Hyderabad, aged 72.[75] He was cremated and his ashes were immersed at Srirangapatna by his second wife eight years later, in 2004.[76]

See also


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  8. Burns, John F. (19 January 1996). "N. T. Rama Rao, 72, Is Dead; Star Status Infused His Politics". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
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External links

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Preceded by
Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy
Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
Succeeded by
Nadendla Bhaskara Rao
Preceded by
Nadendla Bhaskara Rao
Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
Succeeded by
Marri Chenna Reddy
Preceded by
Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy
Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
Succeeded by
Nara Chandrababu Naidu
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