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Multiconfessionalism describes the existence, acceptance, or promotion of multiple religious traditions within a single jurisdiction, usually considered in terms of religion associated with a state. It is used when describing countries with three or more significant confessional groups.

Examples of modern countries deemed multiconfessional are Lebanon[1][2] and Bosnia and Herzegovina.[3] The "National Pact" is an unwritten agreement that laid the foundation of Lebanon as a confessionalist state, having shaped the country to this day; state offices are divided between the major ethno-religious groups.[4]


See also


  1. Dawahare 1998.
  2. Sjur Bergan; Hilligje van't Land (2010). Speaking Across Borders: The Role of Higher Education in Furthering Intercultural Dialogue. Council of Europe. pp. 167–. ISBN 978-92-871-6941-9.
  3. Mary McIntosh; Dan Abele; University of Strathclyde. Centre for the Study of Public Policy (1996). Tolerance for a multiethnic Bosnia-Hercegovina: testing alternative theories. Centre for the Study of Public Policy, University of Strathclyde.
  4. R. Rabil (12 September 2011). Religion, National Identity, and Confessional Politics in Lebanon: The Challenge of Islamism. Palgrave Macmillan US. ISBN 978-0-230-33925-5.

Further reading

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