Mongolian nobility

The Mongolian nobility (Mongolian: язгууртан yazgurtan; Mongolian: сурвалжтан survaljtan) arose between the 10th and 12th centuries, became prominent in the 13th century, and essentially governed Mongolia until the early 20th century.

The Mongolian word for nobility, Yazgurtan, derives from the Mongol word yazgur, meaning "root".

Mongol Empire (1206–1368) and Yuan dynasty (1271–1368)

A Mongol ruler on his way through the empire. Illustration of Rashid al-Din's Jami' al-tawarikh.

Nobility titles

Military ranks

Female titles

Northern Yuan dynasty (1368–1635)

Nobility titles

Female titles

Non-gentry estates

Qing dynasty (1691–1911) and Bogd Khaganate (1911–1924)

A Khalkha Mongol noblewoman (c. 1908)

Nobility titles

The following six titles were the same as those used by members of the Manchu nobility. (See here for details.) These titles were usually hereditary, and were decorated with styles to form a longer title (e.g. Khorchin Jasagh Darhan Chin-Wang 科爾沁扎薩克達爾罕親王) to indicate which hoshun the noble was from.

A Mongolian noble child in 1914

Generic titles

Apart from the above ranks, the nobles were also divided into two types:

Other titles used to refer to Mongolian nobles include:

Non-noble titles

See also

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