Minnesota Golden Gophers football
|Minnesota Golden Gophers football|
|Athletic director||Mark Coyle|
1st year, 10–8 (.556)
|Stadium||TCF Bank Stadium|
|NCAA division||Division I FBS|
|All-time record||666–500–42 (.569)|
|Bowl record||6–12 (.333)|
|Claimed nat'l titles||7 (1904, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1940, 1941, 1960)|
Maroon and Gold|
|Fight song||Minnesota Rouser|
|Marching band||Minnesota Marching Band|
Penn State Nittany Lions
The Minnesota Golden Gophers football program represents the University of Minnesota in college football at the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) level. Founded in 1882, the program is one of the oldest in college football. Minnesota has been a member of the Big Ten Conference since its inception in 1896 as the Western Conference. The Golden Gophers claim seven national championships: 1904, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1940, 1941, and 1960. Since 2009, the Gophers have played all their home games at TCF Bank Stadium in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The team's current head coach is Tracy Claeys.
The Minnesota Golden Gophers college football team played its first game on September 29, 1882, a 4–0 victory over Hamline University. Eight years later in 1890, the Gophers played host to Wisconsin in a 63–0 victory. With the exception of 1906, the Gophers and Badgers have played each other every year since then. The 124 games played against each other is the most played rivalry in Division I-A college football.
The sport's beginnings were humble. Students began gathering to play the game recreationally and its popularity grew.
Once the sport had taken off, it was only a matter of time before a team was formed to play against other schools. Early teams were very loosely organized, not requiring all of the players to be students and not having designated coaches. The players on the team started to recruit faculty members who had played football at schools in the East to help organize the team. Some years, they played without a coach. Other years, they played with multiple coaches. In total, from 1882 through 1899, the team played 16 seasons of football and had 15 different coaches. As the years went by, the leadership structure started to become more formal. In 1900, the hiring of Dr. Henry L. Williams, the school’s first full-time salaried coach, signaled the end of the early, chaotic days.:15
The Gophers enjoyed quite a bit of success in the early 20th century, posting winning records from 1900 to 1919. Head coach Henry L. Williams developed the "Minnesota shift", a predecessor to later quick line shifts, which was adopted widely. Also Henry L. Williams led Minnesota to one of the NCAA's longest unbeaten streaks of 35 games, from 1903 to 1905 with 34 wins and 1 tie. In 1932, Bernie Bierman became the Gopher head coach and led the Gophers to their first dynasty. From 1934 to 1936 the Gophers went on a run of winning three straight National Championships, the last Division I team to accomplish this feat. During the run, Minnesota went unbeaten in 28 straight games, 21 of which were consecutive victories. The school record for consecutive victories is 24, which spanned 3 seasons from 1903 to 1905. The Gophers also won two more national championships in 1940 and 1941. Those two seasons comprised most of an 18-game winning streak that stretched from 1939 to 1942.
After some mediocre seasons throughout the remainder of the 1940s and 1950s, the Gophers rose back to prominence in 1960 with their seventh national championship (because polling ended after the regular season, the Gophers were crowned AP and UPI national champions despite losing the Rose Bowl to Washington). That national championship followed a 1-8 record in 1958 and 2-7 record in 1959. Minnesota played in bowl games the two following years as well, in 1961 and 1962. The Gophers earned their first berth in the Rose Bowl by winning the 1960 Big Ten title. The following year, Minnesota returned to Pasadena despite a second-place finish in the conference. The Ohio State Buckeyes, the Big Ten champions in 1961, declined an invitation to the Rose Bowl because of tension between academics and athletics at the school. Minnesota beat UCLA 21-3 to claim its first and only Rose Bowl victory. Minnesota's last Big Ten title was in 1967, tying the Indiana Hoosiers and Purdue Boilermakers atop the standings.
The 2006 team had the dubious distinction of blowing a 38–7 third-quarter lead in the Insight Bowl against Texas Tech, losing 44-41 in overtime. The collapse, which was the biggest in the history of Division I-A postseason football, directly led to the firing of head coach Glen Mason. On January 17, 2007, Tim Brewster was officially announced as the next head coach of the Minnesota Golden Gophers.
In 1981, the Gophers played their last game in Memorial Stadium and played their home games in the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome until 2008. The Gophers moved back to campus with a 20-13 win against Air Force on September 12, 2009, when their new home, TCF Bank Stadium, opened.
In 2010, after a 1-6 record to start the season, the Gophers football head coach Tim Brewster was fired. Jeff Horton served as the interim head coach going 2-3. On December 6, 2010, Jerry Kill, former Northern Illinois University head coach, was hired to take over the University of Minnesota football program.
In 2014, The Gophers reached an 8-4 record while going 5-3 in Big Ten games, falling just short of making the Big Ten Championship Game by losing to The Wisconsin Badgers in the season finale. After being revitalized in the Big Ten contention, The Gophers were awarded an appearance in the Citrus Bowl on January 1 against Missouri.
All-time record vs. Big Ten opponents
This is the Gophers football record against current Big Ten Conference opponents.
|School||Total Games||W||L||T||Pct.||PF||PA||First Year||Last Year||Streak|
|Michigan State||46||17||29||0||.370||832||1132||1950||2013||Lost 4|
|Ohio State||51||7||44||0||.137||661||1568||1921||2014||Lost 9|
|Penn State||13||5||8||0||.385||226||332||1993||2013||Won 1|
|13 Opponents||795||366||398||12||.480||14,183||15,249||1890||2014||119 Seasons|
The University of Chicago was a Big Ten Conference member from 1896 to 1946.
|School||Total Games||W||L||T||Pct.||PF||PA||First Year||Last Year|
The NCAA itself does not award a championship for Division I-A/FBS football. A number of different organizations and publications designate a national champion. The following are the national championships that Minnesota recognizes.
|1904||Henry L. Williams||Billingsley||13–0|
|1934||Bernie Bierman||Billingsley, Boand, Dickinson, Football Research, Helms, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation||8–0|
|1935||Bernie Bierman||Billingsley, Boand, Football Research, Helms, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, Poling||8–0|
|1936||Bernie Bierman||AP, Billingsley, Dickinson, Dunkel, Helms, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, Poling||7–1|
|1940||Bernie Bierman||AP, Berryman, Billingsley, Boand, DeVold, Dickinson, Football Research, Houlgate, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation||8–0|
|1941||Bernie Bierman||AP, Billingsley, Boand, DeVold, Dunkel, Football Research, Helms, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, Poling||8–0|
|1960||Murray Warmath||AP, FB News, NFF, UPI||8–2||Lost Rose Bowl|
Minnesota was a member of the short-lived Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the Northwest in 1892 and 1893 and won the conference title both seasons.
|Season||Coach||Overall Record||Conference Record|
Minnesota joined the Big Ten (originally known as the Western Conference) as charter members in 1896.
|Season||Coach||Overall Record||Conference Record|
|1900†||Henry L. Williams||10-0-2||3-0-1|
|1903†||Henry L. Williams||14-0-1||3-0-1|
|1904†||Henry L. Williams||13-0||3-0|
|1906†||Henry L. Williams||4-1||2-0|
|1909||Henry L. Williams||6-1||3-0|
|1910†||Henry L. Williams||6-1||2-0|
|1911||Henry L. Williams||6-0-1||3-0-1|
|1915†||Henry L. Williams||6-0-1||3-0-1|
|1927†||Dr. Clarence Spears||6-0-2||3-0-1|
|† Denotes co-champions|
|Tracy Claeys||Head Coach, Defensive Coordinator|
|Jay Johnson||Offensive Coordinator & Quarterbacks Coach|
|Bart Miller||Offensive Line Coach|
|Jay Sawvel||Defensive Backs Coach & Special Teams Coordinator|
|Brian Anderson||Wide Receivers Coach|
|Jeff Phelps||Defensive Line Coach|
|Pat Poore||Running Backs Coach|
|Rob Reeves||H-Backs & Tight Ends Coach|
|Dan O'Brien||Assistant Defensive Backs Coach & Co-Special Teams Coordinator|
|Mike Sherels||Linebackers Coach|
TCF Bank Stadium
TCF Bank Stadium is the football stadium for the Minnesota Golden Gophers college football team at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The 52,525-seat on-campus "horseshoe" style stadium is designed to support future expansion to seat up to 80,000 people, and cost $303.3 million to build. The stadium was the temporary home of the Minnesota Vikings of the National Football League for the 2014 and 2015 seasons while U.S. Bank Stadium was being built.
Gibson-Nagurski Football Complex
The complex is a state-of-the-art facility housing the team administrative offices, team locker room, team meeting rooms, equipment room, training room, and players’ lounges.
Gopher football attendance (1982-Present)
|1991||218,219||6||San Jose State (47,914)||36,369|
|2007||362,538||7||North Dakota State (63,088)||51,791|
|2009(TCF Bank Stadium)||355,635||7||All Games Sellout(50,805)||50,805|
All-time coaching records
|1884–1885||No games played||2||0–0||.000|
|1886–1888||Frederick S. Jones||3||3–3||.500|
|1889|| Al McCord, D. W. McCord,|
Frank Heffelfinger, Billy Morse
|1894||Tom Cochrane Jr.||1||3–1||.750|
|1899||John Harrison, William C. Leary||1||6–3–2||.682|
|1900–1921||Henry L. Williams||22||136–33–11||.786|
|1922–1924||William H. Spaulding||3||11–7–4||.611|
|1932–1941, 1945–1950||Bernie Bierman||16||93–35–6||.727|
|Totals||31 coaches||131 seasons||668–498–44||.570|
Rivalries / trophy games
- Trophy: Paul Bunyan's Axe, Rival: Wisconsin Badgers, a Big Ten West Division Border Rivalry played since 1890 a total of 124 games played.
- Trophy: Floyd of Rosedale, Rival: Iowa Hawkeyes, a Big Ten West Division Border Rivalry played since 1894 a total of 108 games played.
- Trophy:Little Brown Jug, Rival: Michigan Wolverines, an Inter-Division Big Ten played since 1902 a total of 101 games played.
- Trophy: Governor's Victory Bell, Rival: Penn State Nittany Lions, an Inter-Division Big Ten played since 1993 a total of 13 games played.
- Trophy: *$5-Bits-O-Broken-Chair Trophy , Rival: Nebraska Cornhuskers, a Big Ten West Division Rivalry played since 1900 a total of 55 games played.
Individual award winners
|Minnesota Golden Gophers retired numbers|
|No.||Player||Position||Career||Date of Retirement|
|10||Paul Giel||Tailback||1951-53||September 24, 1991|
|15||Sandy Stephens||QB||1959-61||November 18, 2000|
|54||Bruce Smith||RB||1940-41||June 27, 1977|
|72||Bronko Nagurski||FB/T||1927-29||October 27, 1979|
|78||Bobby Bell||LB/DE||1960-62||September 18, 2010|
Big Ten Conference
College Football Hall of Famers
|Bernie Bierman||Head Coach||1955||1932-1941|
|Fritz Crisler||Head Coach||1954||1930–1931|
|Lou Holtz||Head Coach||2008||1984–1985|
|Bronko Nagurski||T, FB||1951||1927–1929|
|Leo Nomellini||T, G||1977||1946–1949|
|Henry L. Williams||Head Coach||1951||1900–1921|
Pro Football Hall of Famers
|Bobby Bell||DE, LB||1983||Kansas City Chiefs, 1963–1974|
|Tony Dungy||Head Coach||2016||Tampa Bay Buccaneers, 1996-2001|
Indianapolis Colts, 2002-2008
|Carl Eller||DE||2004||Minnesota Vikings, 1964-1978|
Seattle Seahawks, 1979
|Bud Grant||Head Coach||1994||Minnesota Vikings, 1967–1983, 1985|
|Bronko Nagurski||FB||1963||Chicago Bears 1930–1937, 1943|
|Leo Nomellini||DT||1969||San Francisco 49ers 1950-1963|
|Charlie Sanders||TE||2007||Detroit Lions 1968-1977|
Canadian Football Hall of Fame
|Tom Brown||DL||1984||BC Lions, 1961–1967|
|1983||Winnipeg Blue Bombers, 1953–1966|
Current professional players
|Golden Gophers in the NFL|
|NFL Draft selections|
|Hall of Famers:||6|
|Player||Position(s)||Draft Class||Current Team|
|Briean Boddy-Calhoun||CB||Undrafted in 2016||Cleveland Browns|
|De'Vondre Campbell||LB||2016||Atlanta Falcons|
|David Cobb||RB||2015||Chicago Bears|
|Eric Decker||WR||2010||New York Jets|
|Isaac Fruechte||WR||Undrafted in 2015||Minnesota Vikings|
|MarQueis Gray||TE||Undrafted in 2013||Miami Dolphins|
|Ra'Shede Hageman||DT||2014||Atlanta Falcons|
|Eric Murray||CB||2016||Kansas City Chiefs|
|Marcus Sherels||CB||Undrafted in 2010||Minnesota Vikings|
|Cedric Thompson||S||2015||Minnesota Vikings|
|Maxx Williams||TE||2015||Baltimore Ravens|
|Damien Wilson||LB||2015||Dallas Cowboys|
- Cedric McKinley - Defensive Tackle, Edmonton Eskimos
- Simoni Lawrence - Linebacker, Hamilton Tiger-Cats
|Bronko Nagurski||Bruce Smith||Carl Eller||Bobby Bell||Butch Nash||Paul Giel||Neil Fredenburg||Practice Squad||Tony Dungy||Gary Tinsley|
|1933||Francis "Pug" Lund|
|1934||Francis "Pug" Lund|
|1935||Vernal "Babe" LeVoir|
|1939||Harold Van Every|
|1973|| Matt Herkenhoff|
|1978||Marion Barber Jr.|
|1979||Mark Carlson||Elmer Bailey||Keith Edwards|
|1980||Marion Barber Jr.||Garry White||Jeff Schuh|
|1981||Mike Hohensee||Chester Cooper||Randy Rasmussen|
|1982||Mike Horensee||Jim Fahnhorst||Karl Mecklenburg|
|1983||Randy Rasmussen||Jay Carroll||Peter Najarian|
|1984||Rickey Foggie||Mark Vondehaar||Peter Najarian||Larry Joyner||John Kelly||Dwayne McMullen|
|1985||Rickey Foggie||Ray Hitchcock||Peter Najarian||Chip Lohmiller||Andy Hare||David Puk|
|1986||Darrell Thompson||Darrell Thompson||Mark Dusbabek||Chip Lohmiller||Anthony Burke||Norries Wilson|
|1987||Rickey Foggie||Darrell Thompson||Jon Leverenz||Chip Lohmiller||Brian Bonner||Dan Rechtin|
|1988||Chris Gaiters||Chris Gaiters||Joel Brown||Brent Herbel||Ross Ukkelberg||Pat Hart|
|1989||Darrell Thompson||Darrell Thompson||Eddie Miles||Brent Berglund||Dan Liimatta||Jon Melander|
|1990||Mike Sunvold||Marquel Fleetwood||Mike Sunvold||Kenneth Sebree||Frank Jackson||Jim King|
|1991||Sean Lumpkin||Patt Evans||Sean Lumpkin||Ken McClintock||Joel Staats||Scott Schaffner|
|1992||Keith Ballard||Antonio Carter||Dennis Cappella||Jon Lewis||Russ Heath||Ken McClintock|
|1993||Omar Douglas||Omar Douglas||Andrew Veit||Scott Williams||Omar Douglas||Antonio Carter|
|1994||Chris Darkins||Chris Darkins||Craig Sauer||Rishon Early||Justin Conzemius||Ed Hawthorne|
|1995||Craig Sauer||Cory Sauter||Craig Sauer||Mike Chalberg||Justin Conzemius||Chris Darkins|
|1996|| Ryan Thelwell|
|Tutu Atwell||Parc Williams||Rishon Early||Cory Sauter||Jerome Davis|
|1997||Lamanzer Williams||Tutu Atwell||Lamanzer Williams||Tutu Atwell||Parc Williams||Cory Sauter||Michael Mullen||Curtese Poole|
|1998||Tyrone Carter||Luke Leverson||Tyrone Carter||Adam Bailey||Parc Williams||Troy Duerr||Scooter Baugus||Karon Riley|
|1999||Tyrone Carter||Thomas Hamner||Tyrone Carter||Dan Nystrom||Ben Mezera||Ben Hamilton||Sean Hoffman||Ben Utecht||DaVonta Bell|
|2000|| Ben Hamilton|
|Ron Johnson||Karon Riley||Preston Gruening||Ben Hamilton||Justin Hall||Sean Hoffman||Clarence Woods||Darrell Reid|
|2001||Ron Johnson|| Ron Johnson|
|Jack Brewer||Marion Barber III||Derek Burns||Jack Brewer||Steve Murray||Jerry Macken||Charlton Keith|
|2002||Jermaine Mays||Terry Jackson II||Eli Ward||Jermaine Mays||Dan Kwapinski||Jeremiah Carter||Jeremiah Carter||Zack Kartak|| Eric Clark|
|2003||Asad Abdul-Khaliq||Asad Abdul-Khaliq||Eli Ward||Rhys Lloyd||Greg Eslinger||Joe Quinn||Dan Kwapinski||Kevin Salmen||John Shevlin|
|2004|| Marion Barber III|
|Marion Barber III||Darrell Reid||John Shevlin||Mark Setterstrom||Dominique Sims||Jakari Wallace||Tommy Jacobs||Seth Thompson|
|2005|| Greg Eslinger|
|Greg Eslinger||John Pawielski||Jakari Wallace||Greg Eslinger||Mark Setterstrom||Matt Spaeth||Joe Swanson||Brody Grandas|
|2006||Matt Spaeth||Logan Payne||Mike Sherels||Tom Hennessey||Dominic Jones||Dom Barber||Mike Sherels||Matt Krueger||Mike Hart|
|2007||Dom Barber||Eric Decker||Dom Barber|| Justin Kucek|
| John Shevlin|
| Todd Meisel|
| Mike Sherels|
|Kyle Moore||Andre Tate’||Amir Pinnix|
|2008||Willie VanDeSteeg|| Adam Weber|
| Lee Campbell|
|Nathan Triplett|| Jeff Tow-Arnett|
| Tony Mortensen|
| Jack Simmons|
|Matt Carufel||Kim Royston||Deon Hightower|
|2009||Eric Decker||Eric Decker||Lee Campbell||Jon Hoese|| Jon Hoese|
| Adam Weber|
| Eric Small|
|Ed Olson||Aaron Hill||Eric Decker|
|2010||Adam Weber|| Da'Jon Mcknight|
|Gary Tinsley||Troy Stoudermire|| D.J. Burris|
|Duane Bennett|| Jon Hoese|
|Lamonte Edwards||Cameron Botticelli||R.J. Buckner|
|2011||MarQueis Gray||MarQueis Gray||Kim Royston||Jordan Wettstein||Aaron Hill||Adam Lueck||Duane Bennett||Cole Banham||Jephte Matilus||Brandon Kirksey|
|2012||MarQueis Gray||Donnell Kirkwood||Michael Carter||Christian Eldred||Aaron Hill||MarQueis Gray||Mike Rallis|| Cole Banham|
| Matt Garin|
|2013||Ra'Shede Hageman||David Cobb||Ra'Shede Hageman||Peter Mortell||Jon Christenson|| Brock Vereen|
|Aaron Hill||Jephte Matilus||Chris Wipson||Chris Hawthorne||David Cobb|
|2014||David Cobb||David Cobb||Damien Wilson||Peter Mortell||Jon Christenson||Donnell Kirkwood||Mitch Leidner||Matt Leidner||Cody Poock||Luke McAvoy||Briean Boddy-Calhoun|
|2015||Mitch Leidner||Mitch Leidner||Eric Murray||Peter Mortell||Jon Christenson||Jon Christenson||Mitch Leidner||Conor Rhoda|| Gary Moore|
|Jon Christenson||Adekunle Ayinde|
Other notable coaches and players
- Marion Barber Jr. - Retired NFL Running Back
- Phil Bengtson - Retired NFL Head Coach
- Rene Capo - Olympic judoka
- Gino Cappelletti - All-time AFL scoring leader
- Gil Dobie - Won two national championships as head coach of the Cornell Big Red football team
- Tony Dungy - Retired NFL Head Coach
- Verne Gagne - Professional wrestler; founder AWA
- Tony Levine - Head coach of the Houston Cougars football team
- Len Levy - American football player and professional wrestler
- Chip Lohmiller - Retired NFL Kicker
- Karl Mecklenburg - Retired NFL Linebacker
- Cory Sauter - Retired NFL Quarterback
- Darrell Thompson - Retired NFL Running Back, current Gopher football radio announcer
- Rick Upchurch - Retired NFL Wide Receiver
- DeWayne Walker - Current defensive backs coach Jacksonville Jaguars
- Murray Warmath - Last head coach to lead Minnesota to the Rose Bowl and National Championship
- Bud Wilkinson - Won three national championships as head coach of the Oklahoma Sooners football team
- Norries Wilson - Head Coach, Columbia Lions football team, first African American head football coach in the Ivy League
- Wayne Robinson Retired NFL linebacker, CFL and NFL coach
Big Ten West-division opponents
Minnesota plays the other six Big Ten West opponents once per season.
|Even Numbered Years||Odd Number Years|
|vs Iowa||at Iowa|
|at Wisconsin||vs Wisconsin|
|at Nebraska||vs Nebraska|
|vs Northwestern||at Northwestern|
|at Illinois||vs Illinois|
|vs Purdue||at Purdue|
Big Ten East-division opponents
|Year||Indiana||Maryland||Michigan||Michigan State||Ohio State||Penn State||Rutgers|
Future non-conference opponents
|vs Buffalo||vs Miami (OH)||vs South Dakota State||vs Miami (OH)||at Colorado||vs Colorado||at BYU||vs Mississippi State||at Mississippi State|
|at Oregon State||vs New Mexico State||at Fresno State||vs New Mexico State|
|vs Middle Tennessee||vs Fresno State||vs Georgia Southern|
- "Our Brand, How to convey it". umn.edu. Retrieved 2015-01-13.
- Men's Intercollegiate Athletic Department of the University of Minnesota (1981). Ralph Turtinen, ed. 100 Years of Golden Gopher Football. John Roberts.
- Mary Mapes Dodge, St. Nicholas: A Monthly Magazine for Boys and Girls, Volume 42, Part 1, p. 43, 1915.
- (http://fs.ncaa.org/Docs/stats/footba...s/2011/FBS.pdf - pp. 70-79)..
- Gopher football history ericthrall.com
- Jeff Shelman, New U coach: Rose Bowl is the goal, Star Tribune, January 17, 2007
- 2006 Minnesota Football Yearbook, Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Communications
- Official 2006 NCAA Divisions I-A and I-AA Football Records Book (PDF), Indianapolis, IN: National Collegiate Athletic Association, archived from the original (PDF) on December 22, 2006
- Joe Nelson (October 28, 2015). "Jerry Kill retires from Gophers as seizures return: 'I love this game'".
- "Bruce Smith". heisman.com. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Tom Brown". Football Writers Association of America. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Bobby Bell". gophersports.com. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Greg Eslinger". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Tyrone Carter". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Matt Spaeth". gophersports.com. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Bernie Bierman". afca.com. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Murray Warmath". Football Writers Association of America. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Murray Warmath". .gophersports.com. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Biggie Munn". University of Minnesota Football. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Pug Lund". University of Minnesota Football. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Paul Giel". University of Minnesota Football. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Tom Brown". University of Minnesota Football. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Sandy Stephens". University of Minnesota Football. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Greg Eslinger". gophersports.com. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- "Karon Riley". ohiostatebuckeyes.com. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- "Darrell Thompson". by STATS LLC and Associated Press. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- "Laurence Maroney". bigten.org. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- "Glen Mason". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- College Football Hall of Fame
- Keiser, Jeff (2007), 2007 Media Guide (PDF), p. 178
- Keiser, Jeff (2007), 2007 Media Guide (PDF), p. 177
- Canadian Football Hall of Fame
- Keiser, Jeff (2007), 2007 Media Guide (PDF), pp. 183–184
- Keiser, Jeff (2007), 2007 Media Guide (PDF), pp. 187–189
- NFL Players By College - Minnesota
- "Marion Barber Jr". Pro-Football Reference.com. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- "Phil Bengtson". Pro-Football Reference.com. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- "Rene Capo". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- "Gino Cappelletti". Pro-Football Reference.com. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- "Gil Dobie". University of Washington. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- "Tony Dungy". Pro-Football Reference.com. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- "Verne Gagne". wwe.com. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- "Tony Levine". uhcougars.com. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- "Levy, Len "Butch"". jewsinsports.org. Archived from the original on December 5, 2010. Retrieved July 26, 2015.
- "Chip Lohmiller". Pro-Football Reference.com. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- "Karl Mecklenburg". Pro-Football Reference.com. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- "Cory Sauter". Southwest Minnesota State Athletics. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- "Darrell Thompson". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- "Rick Upchurch". Pro-Football Reference.com. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- "DeWayne Walker". Jacksonville Jaguars, LLC. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- "Murray Warmath". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- "Bud Wilkinson". http://espn.go.com/. Retrieved 23 February 2014. External link in
- "Norries Wilson". scarletknights.com. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- "Minnesota Golden Gophers Football Schedules and Future Schedules". fbschedules.com. Retrieved 2014-08-26.
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