Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Wèishēngbù
|Jurisdiction||People's Republic of China|
|Parent agency||State Council|
The Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China (MOH) is an executive agency of the state which plays the role of providing information, raising health awareness and education, ensuring the accessibility of health services, and monitoring the quality of health services provided to citizens and visitors in the mainland of the People's Republic of China. In the reforms of 2013 the ministry has been dissolved and its functions integrated into the new agency called the National Health and Family Planning Commission.
The MOH is also involved in the control of illness and disease, coordinating the utilisation of resources and expertise where necessary. It also cooperates and keeps in touch with other health ministries and departments, including those of the special administrative regions, and the World Health Organization (WHO).
As part of the National Health and Family Planning Commission it is now headed by Ms. Li Bin (Simplified Chinese:李斌;Hanyu Pinyin:Lǐ Bīn). Until 2013 it was headed by the Minister for Health, a position last held by Dr Chen Zhu (陈竺) who was then the only minister in the State Council, and one of the two ministers who are not members of the Communist Party of China. He is the chairman of the Central Committee of the Chinese Peasants and Workers Democratic Party, one of the "8 democratic parties" of the PRC.
Functions and responsibilities
- Drafting laws, regulations, plans and policies related to public health
- Formulating policies for maternity and child-care programs
- Overseeing disease prevention and treatment
- Controlling the spread of epidemics
- Supervising blood collection
- Reforming medical institutions
- Overseeing state hospitals
- Drawing up medical science and technology development projects
- Setting quality standards for foods and cosmetics
- Overseeing medical education and setting related standards
- Controlling the Beijing Medical College and the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences; and
- Overseeing the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine
List of Health Ministers
|№||Name||Took office||Left office|
|1||Li Dequan||November 1949||January 1965|
|2||Qian Xinzhong||January 1965||June 1968|
|3||Qiu Guoguang (邱国光)||June 1968||June 1970|
|4||Chen Renhong (陈仁洪)||June 1970||July 1973|
|5||Liu Xiangping (刘湘屏)||July 1973||October 1976|
|6||Jiang Yizhen (江一真)||November 1977||April 1979|
|(2)||Qian Xinzhong||April 1979||May 1982|
|7||Cui Yueli (崔月犁)||May 1982||March 1987|
|8||Chen Minzhang (陈敏章)||March 1987||March 1998|
|9||Zhang Wenkang||March 1998||April 2003|
|10||Wu Yi||April 2003||April 2005|
|11||Gao Qiang||April 2005||June 2007|
|12||Chen Zhu||June 2007||16 March 2013|
- Ministry of Health
- The State Council
- Ministry of Health (Chinese)
- "Critical health literacy: a case study from China in schistosomiasis control"
- "Children's Health and Care" in China.
- "Relationship with China's Ministry of Health and the Chinese Nursing Association" in the University of Michigan.