Military of Montenegro
|Military of Montenegro|
Montenegrin: Vojska Crne Gore
|Founded||1879 (reconstituted 2006)|
Montenegrin Ground Army|
Montenegrin Air Force
|Minister of Defence||Milica Pejanović-Đurišić|
|Chief of Staff||Admiral Dragan Samardžić|
|Conscription||Abolished in 2006|
|Active personnel||1,950 (2015)|
|Budget||42 million Euro (2016)|
|Percent of GDP||1,3% (2016)|
|Domestic suppliers||TARA group|
Battle of Krusi (1796)|
Battle of Lopate (1796)
Siege of Cattaro (1813)
Battle of Grahovac (1858)
Battle of Kolašin (1858)
Battle of Vučji Do (1876)
Battle of Fundina (1876)
First Balkan War (1912-1913)
Siege of Shkoder ( 1913)
Second Balkan War (1913–1913)
First World War (1914-1918)
Christmas Uprising (1919)
The military currently maintains a force of 1,950 active duty members. The bulk of its equipment and forces were inherited from the armed forces of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro; as Montenegro contained the entire coastline of the former union, it retained practically the entire naval force.
Montenegro is a member of NATO's Partnership for Peace program and is an official candidate for full membership in the alliance. Montenegro applied for a Membership Action Plan on 5 November 2008, which was granted in December 2009. In 2015, it was reported that international support for Montenegro's NATO membership was growing.
Montenegro participates in peace operations under the NATO and UN auspices as military troops and observers. Minister of Defense said that 85 soldiers are trained for international missions. Montenegrin soldiers are trained by the German Bundeswehr.
|Current Mission||Organization||Country||Nr. of personnel|
|RS||NATO||Afghanistan||25 Members (Military troops and medical team)|
|UNMIL||United Nations||Liberia||Officers as military observers|
|UNFICYP||United Nations||Cyprus||Officers as military observers|
|EU-NAVFOR||EU||Somalia||Navy officers (3)|
- Commander in Chief: President Filip Vujanović
Ministry of Defense
Bar Naval base, (Bar)
"Pero Ćetković" base, (Bar)
Pristan base, (Herceg Novi)
Army base "Milovan Šaranović", (Danilovgrad)
Army base "13 jul", Nikšić, (Nikšić)
Army base "V. K. Volođa", (Pljevlja)
Army base "Breza", (Kolašin)
Units & Structure
- General Staff - Podgorica
- Infantry Battalion
- 1st Infantry Company
- 2nd Infantry Company
- Mountain Company
- Fire Support Company
- Engineer Company
- Signal Platoon
- NBC Defence Platoon
- Service Squad
- Patrol Boat 33
- Patrol Boat 34
- Training Ship "Jadran"
- Auxiliary Boats Squad
- Marine Platoon
- Coastal Surveillance Company
- Support Company
- Air Force
- Flying Squadron
- Support Company
- Air-Defense Company
- Air Base Security Platoon
- Logistic Battalion
- Logistic Maintenance Company
- Logistic Mixed Company
- Logistic Warehouse Company
- Medical Platoon
- Training Center
- First Subcenter
- Second Subcenter
- Teaching Resources Service
- Shooting Range
- Service Squad
- Honorary Guard Company
- Intelligence-Reconnaissance Company
- Military Police Company
- Signal Company
Ranks and insignia
Enlisted rank insignia
|Title||Razvodnik||Desetar||Mladji Vodnik||Vodnik||Vodnik Prve Klase||Stariji Vodnik||Stariji Vodnik Prve Klase||Zastavnik||Zastavnik Prve Klase|
Ground Army and Aifrorce Officer rank insignia
|Title||Potporučnik||Poručnik||Kapetan||Major||Potpukovnik||Pukovnik||Brigadir||General Major||General Potpukovnik||General Pukovnik|
Navy Officer rank insignia
|Title||Poručnik Korvete||Poručnik Fregate||Poručnik Bojnog Broda||Kapetan Korvete||Kapetan Fregate||Kapetan Bojnog Broda||Komodor||Kontra Admiral||Vice Admiral||Admiral|
The Military before 1918
After military successes in the wars 1876-1878 during which the Principality of Montenegro was enlarged by a large territory, from the Tara River in the north to the Adriatic Sea in the south (liberated towns Podgorica, Nikšić, Kolašin, Andrijevica, Bar and Ulcinj), reorganization in Montenegrin army was conducted in 1880. Each kapetanija (municipality) formed its reserve battalion. There were 42 battalions in total. Since 1881, regular military exercises were conducted.
Supreme Commander of the Montenegrin army was the monarch, Prince / King Nikola I. Operational command, organization and financial support of the Montenegrin army was entrusted to the Ministry of Defence, the department of the Government of the Principality / Kingdom of Montenegro.
General Staff of the Montenegrin army was part of the Ministry of Defence.
In 1882 first 14 Montenegrins were sent to officer schools abroad, particularly in Italy and Russia. In 1886, 10 of them completed their education and they become first trained officers in Montenegrin warrior history. These Montenegrin officers held courses in Podgorica, Nikšić and Cetinje.
In September 1895, the first permanent Infantry NCO school in Podgorica was opened, and the first NCOs got desečar rank. At the end of 1896, artillery officer school in Cetinje was established - the first Montenegrin officer school.
Formations and ranks
In 1906 Montenegrin army received the first systematized regulations, and the Law on Organization of the Army was adopted in 1910. Infantry and artillery, were established, followed by two specialized branches (reconnaissance and pioneering), and additional branches (medics, military workshop, the military court staff, gendarmerie and logistics).
In 1913 the Montenegrin gendarmerie become a special Military Police unit.
Since the establishment of the internal Montenegrin telecommunications system in 1869, vital for the flow of military-defense information, it was under the jurisdiction of Ministry of the military.
Until 1912, the territory of the Kingdom of Montenegro was divided into four divisional areas:
- 1.Cetinje divisional area
- 2.Podgorica divisional area
- 3.Nikšić divisional area
- 4.Kolašin divisional area
After wars 1912th-1913th established additional two divisions field:
By 1912, the Montenegrin Army had 11 brigade areas, 52 districts and 322 battalion troop areas. Divisions were composed of 2-3 Infantry Brigade.
Each divisional command had three artillery batteries. On the eve of the First Balkan War Kingdom of Montenegro lined up 55,000 soldiers.
All Montenegrins between 18 and 62 years were conscripts. Recruitment was done three times a year, and the recruits are in peacetime had to have at least 25 years.
- Officer ranks were: potporučnik, poručnik, kapetan, komandir, brigadir, divizijar
- NCO ranks were: desečar, donarednik, narednik
- Ceremonial ranks were: serdar, vojvoda
After the establishment of the Kingdom of Montenegro in 1910, Montenegro was involved in three wars with the first one being the First Balkan War, in alliance with Serbia, Greece, Romania, and Bulgaria against the Ottoman Empire. The Second Balkan War was fought between Montenegro, Serbia, Greece, Romania and the Ottoman Empire against Bulgaria, with Bulgaria consequently losing significant territory in the north, Thrace, and Macedonia.
The Military of Montenegro before 1918, was much larger than today's military. During World War I, Montenegro mobilised 50,000 troops. The Commander-in-Chief was King Nikola I of Montenegro, while the General of Staff was Božidar Janković. Units included:
- Pljevlja Division
The Pljevlja Division was commanded by brigadier Luka Gojnić. The division was made up of 10 battalions. It had around 6,000 soldiers, and patrolled the area east from Pljevlja.
- Herzegovina Detachment
- Lovćen Detachment
The Lovćen Detachment was commanded by divizijar Mitar Martinović. The detachment was made up of 18 battalions. It had around 8,000 soldiers, and patrolled the areas of Lovćen and Sutorman.
- Old Serbia' Detachment
The 'Old Serbia' Detachment was commanded by brigadier Radomir Vešović. The detachment was made up of 13 battalions. It had around 6,000 soldiers, and secured the Albanian border.
|Kotor class frigate||2 in active service||Yugoslavia|| - P-33 Kotor
- P-34 Novi Sad
|Fast attack craft|
|Končar class fast attack craft||2 overhauled and in storage||Yugoslavia|| - RTOP-405 Jordan Nikolov Orce
- RTOP-406 Ante Banina
|Transport and support|
|PO class||1 in reserve||Yugoslavia||- PO91|
|Salvage tug||2 in active service||Yugoslavia|| - PR-41 (Orada)
|Jadran||1 in active service||Germany||Used as a training ship|
|Motor sailboat||2 in active service||Yugoslavia|| - Bojana
|Diving boat||2 in active service||Yugoslavia|| -Ronilačka baraksa 81
-Ronilačka barkasa 85
|Motor boat Polycat||1 in active service||Netherlands|
|Motor boat||1 in active service||Yugoslavia||- ČM 33|
|Valiant 620PT||2 in active service||United Kingdom||Used by Marine Platoon|
|Jadranka||1 in active service||Yugoslavia||VIP Yacht|
|Floating Crane||1 in active service||Yugoslavia||LDI 18|
- Special forces
- Montenegrin troops in Afghanistan
- Montenegrin troops in Afghanistan
- Infantry Company
- Infantry Company
- Achleitner RCV Survivor
- BOV M86
- Combat drill
- NBC Defence
- Military Police
- Montenegrin navy boat
- Montenegrin soldier holding a HK MP5
- Spremaju se za Avganistan
- David Noack: Subsidiary Troops (German: Hilfstruppen), german-foreign-policy.com, 17.03.2008.
- Kasarna Danilovgrad: Svečanost za vojnike koji idu u Avganistan.
- http://www.gov.me/files/1256832119.pdf Page 15
- Montenegro army land ground armed forces military equipment armored vehicle intelligence pictures - Army Recognition
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Military of Montenegro.|
- Official Website (Montenegrin)
- Montenegro in NATO (Montenegrin)
- "Europe’s Newest State Trims the Army" (DefenseNews.com)
- "Appointment of the Acting Chief of the General Staff of the Army of Montenegro" (Website of the President of Montenegro)
- Montenegrin Armed Forces / Vojska Crne Gore - VCG
- Perspective of the Military of Montenegro, in English
- Montenegrin Armed Forces before 1918 / Vojska Crne Gore prije 1918
- Debate on NATO in Montenegro
- Milo Đukanović appoints himself as Minister of Defense
- / Forum article about Montenegrin military (Serbian)