For other uses of the term "Midlothian" and "Edinburghshire", see Midlothian (disambiguation).
Meadhan Lodainn
Coordinates: 55°53′39″N 3°04′07″W / 55.89417°N 3.06861°W / 55.89417; -3.06861Coordinates: 55°53′39″N 3°04′07″W / 55.89417°N 3.06861°W / 55.89417; -3.06861
Admin HQ Dalkeith
  Body Midlothian Council
  Control SNP + GRN + Ind (council NOC)
  Total 137 sq mi (354 km2)
Area rank Ranked 21st
Population (2010 est.)
  Total 83,000
  Rank Ranked 27th
  Density 590/sq mi (229/km2)
ONS code 00QW
ISO 3166 code GB-MLN
Website http://www.midlothian.gov.uk/

Midlothian (/mɪdˈlðiən/; Scots: Midlowden, Scottish Gaelic: Meadhan Lodainn) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland. It borders the City of Edinburgh, East Lothian and the Scottish Borders council areas.

Midlothian was also the name of a historic county formed in the Middle Ages. The county included Edinburgh and was formerly known as Edinburghshire, or more formally as the County of Edinburgh, until 1890. The historic county remains a lieutenancy area and a registration county[1] for which purposes Edinburgh is included.

Midlothian Council area was created in 1996, under the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, with the boundaries of the Midlothian district of the Lothian region. The district had been created in 1975, under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, and it consisted of the local government county of Midlothian, minus the burgh of Musselburgh with the areas of Inveresk, Wallyford and Whitecraig being lost to East Lothian, the Calders (East Calder, Midcalder and West Calder) and the Midlothian part of Livingston to West Lothian, the electoral division of Heriot and Stow to the Ettrick and Lauderdale district of Borders Region, and Currie, Balerno, Ratho and Newbridge to Edinburgh.


There is a Midlothian constituency of the House of Commons. There was a Midlothian constituency of the Scottish Parliament up to the 2011 elections when it was divided between Midlothian North and Musselburgh and Midlothian South, Tweeddale and Lauderdale.

Places of interest

Towns and villages

Civil Parishes in the County of Midlothian

(Unitary authority indicated where not Midlothian. Boundaries defined by Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973)[2][3]

Midlothian or Edinburghshire Civil Parish map c.1854. Boundaries outlined in red
Map contrasting the area comprising Midlothian council (dark blue) within the historic county of Midlothian (light blue).

Former civil parishes outside Edinburgh now merged in the City of Edinburgh

Abolished 1902:[5]

Abolished 1920 [6]

The above list does not include parishes which have been within the City of Edinburgh for county purposes since 19th century, namely within the "County of the City" of which the Lord Provost was and is Lord Lieutenant. [7]

Notable people associated with Midlothian

Schools in Midlothian

Primary schools

Secondary schools

Special schools

Twin towns and sister cities

Midlothian is twinned with Komárom-Esztergom in Hungary and Kreis Heinsberg in Germany. It is a sister city with Midlothian, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago.[8]

Famous battle

The Battle of Roslin was a battle of the First War of Scottish Independence, taking place on 24 February 1303 at Roslin, Midlothian. A Scottish army led by Simon Fraser and John Comyn defeated the English. The English force was raised in Northumberland and was tasked with intervening in support of the occupation forces of Edward I. The much smaller Scottish force rode through the night from Biggar, intercepted them and defeated them in two, possibly three, sharp fights. The site of the battle has been said to be the field opposite the old and new burial grounds. Members of the Comyn, Fraser and possibly Sinclair families fought at the Battle of Roslin.


  1. "Land Mass Coverage Report" (PDF). Registers of Scotland. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
  2. List from Contents page of the Statistical Account of Edinburghshire, publ by William Blackwood and Sons, Edinburgh, 1845, including only those parishes appearing in the 2011 Census
  3. Census of Scotland 2011, Table KS101SC – Usually Resident Population, publ. by National Records of Scotland. Web site http://www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk/ retrieved March 2016. See “Standard Outputs”, Table KS101SC, Area type: Civil Parish 1930
  4. Partly in West Lothian. Article on Kirkliston in Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland, by, Francis Groome, 2nd Edition, 1896
  5. Order of the Secretary State for Scotland, effective from 15th May 1902, publ. in Edinburgh Gazette 1 April 1902, p. 350
  6. Edinburgh Boundaries Extension and Tramways Act 1920
  7. The Statistical Account of Edinburghshire, publ by William Blackwood and Sons, Edinburgh, 1845;p.648
  8. http://www.illinoissistercities.org/?page_id=2650
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Towns and villages in Midlothian.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Midlothian.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 9/13/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.