Me Against the Music
|"Me Against the Music"|
|Single by Britney Spears featuring Madonna|
|from the album In the Zone|
|Released||October 14, 2003|
|Britney Spears singles chronology|
"Me Against the Music" is a song recorded by American singers Britney Spears and Madonna for Spears' fourth studio album, In the Zone (2003). It was written by Spears, Madonna, Christopher "Tricky" Stewart, Thabiso "Tab" Nikhereanye, Penelope Magnet, Terius Nash and Gary O'Brien. The song was released on October 14, 2003, by Jive Records, as the lead single of In the Zone. After bonding with Spears during a night in New York City, Stewart and Magnet started working on the song for her. During rehearsals for the 2003 MTV Video Music Awards, Spears played Madonna the track and asked her to do the song with her.
"Me Against the Music" contains influences of hip hop and usage of funk guitars. Spears and Madonna trade lines during the verses, and Madonna sings the bridge. Lyrically, the song talks about battling the music and the pleasures of letting go on the dancefloor. The song received generally mixed reviews from music critics. Some felt it was a strong dance track of In the Zone, while others referred to it as lackluster and disappointing. The song was a commercial success, peaking atop of the charts in countries such as Australia, Denmark, Hungary, Ireland and Spain, as well as the European Hot 100 Singles. It also peaked at number two in Canada, Italy, Norway and the United Kingdom, and inside the top five in many other nations. The song won the "Hot Dance Single of the Year" accolade at the 2004 Billboard Music Awards.
The accompanying music video for "Me Against the Music" shows Spears and Madonna playing opposites in a nightclub. A cat-and-mouse chase ensues, and Spears finds Madonna in the end, only for the latter to disappear before they kiss. The video received positive reviews from critics, who noted it as symbolic of the sexual roles between the women. Spears has performed the song in a number of live appearances including the 2003 NFL Kickoff Live, Saturday Night Live, 2003 American Music Awards and TRL. She has also performed remixed versions with elements of bhangra music at The Onyx Hotel Tour (2004) and The Circus Starring Britney Spears (2009). Spears is currently performing the song on her Las Vegas residency show Britney: Piece of Me. "Me Against the Music" has been sampled by Justice, while the music video was recreated by television series Glee and included an appearance by Spears.
Background and writing
American producers Christopher "Tricky" Stewart and Penelope Magnet, known collectively as RedZone Entertainment, presented Spears with the third song they had written and produced, "Pop Culture Whore". While her management liked the track, she rejected it, telling them the song "sucked". After bonding with Spears during a night in New York City to "get in her world", as Magnet explained, it was easier to "actually write and know what she would and wouldn't say, to know where her real vibe is". Stewart and Magnet began working on the first version of the song; Stewart came up with the track, while Magnet developed the melody on a piano and some of the lyrics. American producer The-Dream became involved after Stewart proposed him to work together on the track for Spears. He explained, "I was just getting into the business. I'm in Atlanta, driving home in a '92 Cadillac, and I get the call [...] I hung up and just screamed out joyous sounds." During the recording sessions, Stewart recalls that the studio's air-conditioning died for three days, but Spears "didn't complain or anything, and for me that shows she's where she is for a reason."
While rehearsing for their performance at the 2003 MTV Video Music Awards, Spears played a finished version of "Me Against the Music" to Madonna. After Madonna commented that she liked the track, Spears asked her to do the song with her. RedZone then handed "Me Against the Music" to Madonna, who arranged and recorded her vocal additions on her own, therefore making the song a duet. Spears, who has been a Madonna fan for years, was "beyond surprised" when she heard Madonna's verse. She said "I just asked her to do a little thing, but she really went there. She did a lot of stuff to it." Jive Records hoped "Outrageous" would be released as the first single from the album, but Spears pushed for "Me Against the Music". After she performed the song for the first time at the 2003 NFL Kickoff Live, Spears refused to answer if it was the first single from the album, but said that "there are some surprises that are going to come up in the song that I'm really excited about." On September 16, 2003, it was confirmed that "Me Against the Music" would be released as the first single from In the Zone.
'Me Against the Music'
A 22-second sample of "Me Against the Music", featuring the first verse where Spears and Madonna trade lines.
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
"Me Against the Music" is a dance and hip hop song with usage of funk guitars. The song features Madonna, but was constructed as a duet after she was added to the track. Spears and Madonna trade lines during the verses, and Madonna sings solo in the bridge. Stewart described the sound as "half-rapping, half-singing" and "beat-driven". According to the sheet music published at Musicnotes.com by Hal Leonard Corporation, "Me Against the Music" is set in a moderate dance beat, with a tempo of 120 beats per minute. Spears's vocal range span from the low-note of G2 to the high-note of B4. Gavin Mueller of Stylus Magazine deemed Spears's vocals as "sexy and sultry" and compared them to those of Prince.
In the song, Spears and Madonna sing of the pleasures of letting go on the dancefloor, in lyrics such as "I'm up against the speaker / Trying to take on the music / It's like a competition". Spears explained the concept of the song as "basically about just going to a club and letting yourself go and battling with whoever is around you and battling against the music as well." Magnet continued, saying, "Like she was hearing the music and trying to out-dance the track or out-beat the drum or out-pluck the guitar. It's as if she's in the club, losing herself in the music." William Shaw of Blender stated Madonna's verse could be interpreted as her passing the baton to a new talent, as well as "a taunt from the old guard to the uptight youngster."
Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic selected "Me Against the Music" as one of the 'track picks' from In the Zone. Caryn Ganz of Spin called the song "a fine specimen of Britney 4.0—a fast-paced dance anthem, all grinding percussion shuttling through a traffic jam of synths." Dave De Sylvia of Sputnikmusic said that "Aside from numerous rather awful name-dropping passages and a disappointing chorus, the track is an ideal way to open the album. It's an up-tempo dance track with a big name attached; what else could you ask for?" Sal Cinquemani of Slant Magazine deemed it as "arguably one of Britney's finest moments and one of her mentor's worst". Nick Southall of Stylus Magazine said that "Madonna vamps it up (literally – her appearance here is not Sapphic but vampiric, the wizened old crone bleeding another period of forced longevity into her career like a cruenating corpse leaking plasma backwards) on 'Me Against The Music', but can't make it a bad tune." Gavin Mueller, also writing for Stylus Magazine, said that the single "benefits from a kinetic garage-inspired beat, even when a tepid Madonna threatens to spoil the fun."
Spence D. of IGN commented, "Initially catchy, it's ultimately forgettable other than it's the musical counterpart/fallout to/from the duo's lip lock publicity stunt on the 2003 MTV Music Video Awards." Jamie Gill of Yahoo! Music Radio stated that "Madonna's appearance on the brilliantly titled but deeply dreary 'Me Against The Music' was a postmodern prank designed to make all sane listeners think 'actually, American Life was pretty good, after all.'" While reviewing The Singles Collection, Mayer Nissim of Digital Spy said that "the only arguable weak link is the Madonna-featuring 'Me Against The Music', but in this context what once looked like a respectful passing of the baton now seems like an unconditional surrender of pop Queendom to its rightful heir." David Browne of Entertainment Weekly called "Me Against the Music" "the album's coy, overly busy single". Dorian Lynskey of The Guardian noted it as "the only duff track" of the album. Jon Pareles of Rolling Stone wrote, "Madonna shows up in the album's first song, 'Me Against the Music', as if endorsing Spears's foray into come-hither posing and club-land beats."
Larry Flick from The Advocate denounced the track as an "'Into the Groove' redux". He added that the song "propels the listener into Spears' collaborations with heavy-hitting producers. There's nary a hint of her pristine pop past on Kelly's hip-grinding 'Outrageous' or Perry's 'Girls & Boys'. Instead Spears swims through dark, often hip-hop hued waters with occasional forays into minor keyed electro dance terrain." Ali Fenwick of The Johns Hopkins News-Letter said, "Despite bringing out the big guns in a duet with Madonna, 'Me Against The Music' is not danceable, the measure of success in any pop tune." Linda McGee of RTÉ.ie commented that although much of the content of In the Zone is "catchy", "it is hard to see any potential singles impressing as much as 'Me Against The Music'." Kelefa Sanneh of The New York Times deemed it as "an odd, overstuffed track, not so much a song as a series of party chants". Mim Udovitch of Blender called it "lackluster".
A number of remixes were commissioned by Jive Records, to accompany the song. The Australian CD singles included remixes by artists such Peter Rauhofer, Rishi Rich, Passengerz and Terminalhead. The US CD single also contained remixes by Trak Starz, Gabriel & Dresden, Bloodshy & Avant and Kanye West. The Rishi Rich's Desi Kulcha Remix was later included in the tracklist of In the Zone. The remix removes the original melody of the song and adds a clattering backbeat and Punjabi shouts. Kelefa Sanneh of The New York Times called the remix "excellent", noting that it is "so frenetic you barely notice Ms. Spears and Madonna – it's odd to hear two such ubiquitous figures sounding so anonymous." Britney had also contacted Outkast to remix "Me Against the Music" but the remix was not released.
On October 25, 2003, "Me Against the Music" debuted at number 50 on the Billboard Hot 100. It was Spears 10th chart hit, as well as the first of her entries that she had co-written. "Me Against the Music" was incidentally Madonna's 50th chart entry, 20 years after her first appearance on the Hot 100 with "Holiday" the week of October 29, 1983. It was also the first song in chart history to feature Madonna, and her first chart entry not produced by her since "Love Don't Live Here Anymore" in 1996. On the issue dated November 29, 2003, "Me Against the Music" peaked at number 35. On the component charts, the song peaked at the top of Hot Dance Club Songs and at number 11 on Pop Songs. It won the "Hot Dance Single of the Year" accolade at the 2004 Billboard Music Awards. As of June 2012, it has sold 60,000 physical copies and 281,000 digital downloads according to Nielsen Soundscan. "Me Against the Music" also peaked at number two on the Canadian Singles Chart.
In Australia, "Me Against the Music" debuted at number one on November 17, 2003, replacing Kylie Minogue's "Slow", and remained at the top for two weeks. It was certified platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) for shipments of 70,000 units. On November 24, 2003, the song debuted at number 13 in New Zealand. "Me Against the Music" debuted in the United Kingdom at number two, on the week of November 16, 2003. It was blocked from ascending the top spot by Busted's "Crashed the Wedding". The song became Spears' most successful single since "I'm Not a Girl, Not Yet a Woman" in April 2002. According to the Official Charts Company, the song has sold 240,000 copies there. "Me Against the Music" also topped the Eurochart Hot 100 Singles chart for three consecutive weeks. The song topped the charts in Denmark, Hungary and Ireland; reached number two in Italy and Norway; the top five in Belgium (Flanders and Wallonia), Czech Republic, Finland, Sweden, Switzerland and the Netherlands. "Me Against the Music" also charted in the top 20 of Austria and France.
The music video for "Me Against the Music" was filmed over three days in October 2003, at Silvercup Studios in Long Island City, New York. It was directed by Paul Hunter, who revealed that the concept was setting Spears and Madonna apart, hence Spears wore a black outfit whereas Madonna sported a white suit. Spears stated, "The video is more sensual than I'm used to [...] It was my first time doing a collaboration and I got Madonna. It's really interesting to see the two different styles together." Kevin Tancharoen was the choreographer of the video. The vehicle used in the video, a Mazda RX-8, was autographed by Spears on the hood and auctioned off to benefit the Britney Spears Foundation. In 2009, Hunter talked to MTV News about the video, saying, "Madonna is an icon of an earlier generation, and then Britney of the newer generation. She was at her peak at that point [...] So it was a challenge to kind of bring both of the worlds together. I wanted it to be a bit of a cat-and-mouse sort of game and a little bit of a foreplay between Britney and Madonna and just sort of tease the audience."
The video starts with Britney parking the Mazda vehicle and going into a New York nightclub. She enters a wooden room populated with 'cool kids' flaunting pink and purple hair while taking whiffs from an oxygen tank. Madonna, who is in a room filled with men smoking cigars, observes her from television monitors throughout the club. She wears a white trouser suit and carries a cane, signifying a position of moneyed power. Her suit is also notably fitted, especially in the waistcoat, revealing Madonna's body to be female and not masculine. Although the areas are separated by a wall, Spears and Madonna sense their presences through extrasensory perception and dance in synchronicity. Julie Andsager in Sex in consumer culture (2006) noted that the video hints at a same-sex relationship between the two.
This is followed with Spears performing a dance routine inside a blacklight paint graffiti room, and the two women dancing around a metal bedframe. Spears then begins chasing Madonna in a wooden-like maze, and the latter enters a room covered with fallen leaves and stands in a swing. Once Spears finds the room, Madonna is nowhere to be found. Throughout the video, Madonna gradually loses her symbolic power, paralleled by her disposing the cane and jacket, becoming less phallic and more noticeably female biologically and more feminine socially. Although it ultimately seems that Spears becomes the dominant figure, Madonna recovers her phallic power in the form of a cigar from an onlooking male. Spears appears in Madonna's room and throws her against the wall, and Madonna vanishes just as they are about to kiss. The video ends as Madonna's laugh is heard in the background.
Release and reception
The video premiered on television on Making the Video on October 21, 2003 at 23:00 EDT. Its online premiere was on Yahoo! Music. It was viewed more than 2 million times in its first five days. The video reached number one on the AOL Music Top Video chart in November 2003, with 3,356,007 million streams. In January 2004, the video topped the same chart again with 1,198,920 million streams. Jocelyn Vena of MTV said, "It was the changing of the guard — or at least the meeting of two of the most influential pop divas of all time. [...] The superstars tantalize the audience (and each other) throughout the flirty video." Antonella Lazzeri of The Sun commented, "Just weeks after snogging at the MTV Video Music Awards they teamed up for another raunchy double act. [...] The video highlight comes with the pair embracing against a wall, only for Madonna [...] to vanish just as they are about to kiss."
Julie Andsager stated the 'fantasy-fulfillment' strategy of Spears continued with the Madonna kiss and the "Me Against the Music" video, but added that "she has, perhaps, taken her sexuality to its extreme—for network television, at least—at the age of 22". Laurenz Volkmann said that it showcases an entire range of different female roles between 'older' and 'younger' sign systems. Author Judith Ann Peraino commented, "In 1963, Judy Garland presented Barbra Streisand as her protégée as songstress and gay icon; in 2003, Madonna instated Spears as her protégée in same-sex erotica and icon of polymorphous sexuality."
Spears performed "Me Against the Music" at the 2003 NFL Kickoff Live on September 4, 2003 at the National Mall. She sported shoulder-length blond hair and was dressed in black football pants, a black-and-white referee halter top and boots from Reebok. The performance segued into a medley of "...Baby One More Time" and "I'm a Slave 4 U", which included pyrotechnics. Her outfit was later auctioned off to benefit the Britney Spears Foundation. On September 14, 2003, Spears played a surprise concert at Rain Nightclub in the Palms Casino Resort, and "Me Against the Music" was the first song in the set. On October 18, 2003, the song was performed by Spears during the twenty-ninth season of the American comedy show Saturday Night Live. William Shaw of Blender stated, "Dancing and singing, Spears is in her element. She drips song-and-dance confidence. Within a few seconds, her shiny hat falls off, sending her blond hair everywhere, but Spears doesn't miss a step. When it comes to Madonna's verse, she can't help mouthing along to the words." Spears opened the 2003 American Music Awards telecast with a performance of "Me Against the Music". She floated down on a wire from the rafters in a gold overcoat, which she quickly shed to reveal a pink bustier, black vinyl thigh-high boots and black hot pants. She was accompanied by a troupe of brightly dressed faux punk rock dancers and a dizzying set that featured shooting flames, Vegas-style neon signs and a massive video screen.
It was also performed by Spears at Britney Spears: In the Zone, a concert special that aired in ABC on November 17, 2003. The following day, she performed on the American music show TRL at Times Square, wearing a fedora and her signature half-shirt. "Me Against the Music" was also performed on American late-night show The Tonight Show with Jay Leno and American morning show Live with Regis and Kelly on November 17 and 24, 2003. She performed the song as the headliner of the Jingle Ball on December 8, 2003, at the Staples Center. The Rishi Rich's Desi Kulcha Remix of "Me Against the Music" was performed as the encore number of 2004's The Onyx Hotel Tour. It began with a system malfunction where a female voice counted down as the screens sketched Spears's outline, which then rose to reveal her at the top of a staircase. Spears wore a red ensemble, an ended the performance on the staircase where the screen is lowered. She made her exit as a shower of confetti was shot towards the audience. "Me Against the Music" was also performed on 2009's The Circus Starring Britney Spears, in a Bollywood-inspired group dancing routine which included mudras. Spears wore green and gold harem pants ensemble. Jim Farber of Daily News said, "In a nod to trendiness, the shows included a mock-Bollywood dance sequence during 'Me Against The Music,' eagerly riding the 'Slumdog' gravy train." Spears performed the song during her Las Vegas residency show Britney: Piece of Me. During the performance, Spears is seen doing a dance routine with walls made of wood, which is a resemblance to the labyrinth scene from its music video.
Cover versions and samples
The music video was parodied during the 2003 French & Sanders Christmas Special episode of American comedy show MADtv. "Me Against the Music" was sampled by Justice on their tracks "D.A.N.C.E." and "Valentine", from their debut album † (2007). The music video was recreated on the 2010 American series Glee episode "Britney/Brittany". The characters of Brittany Pierce (Heather Morris) and Santana Lopez (Naya Rivera) are put under general anesthesia during a trip to the dentist's office. They share an hallucination, in which Morris appears as Spears, whereas Rivera plays Madonna. Morris explained, "The 'Me Against the Music' montage, it's literally copied exactly from the video, the shots and looks, but the choreography is made so much more for a dancer — none of it is from the video. [...] It's insane." At the end of the number, Spears replaces Santana and pins Brittany against the wall, announcing to her that she is in a fantasy. Spears applauded the cover, pointing out that it "looks just like the original," and adding, "Santana does a great Madonna impression." The song charted at number ninety-three in Australia, fifty-four in Canada and fifty-six in the United States.
Credits and personnel
Credits adapted from the liner notes of In the Zone.
- Britney Spears' vocals recorded at Battery Studios, New York City; Triangle Sound Studios, Atlanta, Georgia
- Madonna's vocals recorded at Olympic Studios, London
- Mixed at MixStar Studios, Virginia Beach, Virginia, and at Olympic Studios, London
- Britney Spears – lead vocals, background vocals, songwriting, arranging
- Madonna – lead vocals, songwriting
- Penelope Magnet – songwriting, co-production, background vocals, arranging
- C. "Tricky" Stewart - songwriting, arranging, programming, all other instruments
- Thabiso Nikhereanye – songwriting
- Terius Nash – songwriting
- Gary O'Brien – songwriting, guitar
- Trixster - producer
- Steve Lunt - arranging
- Brian "B-Luv" Thomas - recording, digital editing
- Mark "Spike" Stent - vocal recording, mixing
- Serban Ghenea - mixing
- John Hanes - digital editing
- P-Dub Walton - digital editing
- Courtney Copeland – background vocals
- Emma Roads – background vocals
- Roxanne Estrada - background vocals
- Charles McCrorey - engineering assistant
- David Treahearn - engineering assistant
- Rob Haggert - engineering assistant
- Tim Roberts - engineering assistant
|Norway (IFPI Norway)||Gold||5,000*|
*sales figures based on certification alone
|United States||October 14, 2003||Contemporary hit radio||Jive|
|October 21, 2003||12"|
|Japan||November 5, 2003||CD single||Sony|
|Germany||November 10, 2003|
|United Kingdom||CD single||RCA|
|United States||December 9, 2003||CD single (Remixes)||Jive|
- List of number-one singles of 2003 (Australia)
- List of number-one songs of the 2000s (Denmark)
- List of European number-one hits of 2003
- List of number-one singles of the 2010s (Hungary)
- List of number-one singles of 2003 (Ireland)
- List of number-one singles of 2003 (Spain)
- List of number-one dance singles of 2003 (U.S.)
- List of number-one dance singles of 2004 (U.S.)
- Moss, Corey (October 15, 2003). "Getting Aggressive With Britney Pays Off For RedZone". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- Vozick-Levinson, Simon (February 27, 2009). "Living The-Dream". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- Hiatt, Brian (October 2, 2003). "Material Girls". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- Vena, Jocelyn (December 20, 2009). "Britney Spears And Madonna 'Tease' Fans In 'Me Against The Music' Video". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
- Shaw, William (December 20, 2003). "Britney Busts Loose! – Blender". Blender. ISSN 1534-0554.
- Strauss, Neil (November 2, 2003). "Growing Up – Britney Did It Again". The New York Times. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
- Staff, MTV News (September 3, 2003). "Britney Talks New Album But Remains Coy On First Single| MTV". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (September 16, 2003). "Britney Gets Down With Madonna Again". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
- "Digital Sheet Music – Britney Spears Me Against the Music". musicnotes.com. Hal Leonard Corporation.
- Mueller, Gavin (November 18, 2003). "Britney Spears – In The Zone – Review – Stylus". Stylus Magazine. Todd Burns. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (November 2003). "allmusic ((( In the Zone > Overview )))". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved June 23, 2010.
- Ganz, Caryn (November 18, 2003). "Britney Spears 'In the Zone'". Spin. Spin Media LLC. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
- De Sylvia, Dave (November 11, 2005). "In the Zone Review". Sputnikmusic. Jeremy Ferwerda. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
- Cinquemani, Sal (November 12, 2003). "Britney Spears : In the Zone | Music Review". Slant Magazine. Keith Uhlich. Retrieved June 23, 2010.
- Southall, Nick (November 18, 2003). "Britney Spears – In the Zone – Review". Stylus Magazine. Todd Burns. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
- D., Spence (November 16, 2004). "Britney Spears Greatest Hits: My Prerogative". IGN. News Corporation. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
- Gill, Jamie (November 20, 2003). "Britney Spears – 'In The Zone'". Yahoo! Music Radio. Yahoo! Inc. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
- Nissim, Mayer (November 20, 2009). "Britney Spears – The Singles Collection Review". Digital Spy. Hachette Filipacchi (UK) Ltd. Retrieved September 28, 2010.
- Browne, David (November 1, 2003). "In the Zone (2003)". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 8, 2009.
- Lynskey, Dorian (November 14, 2003). "Britney Spears: In the Zone". The Guardian. Retrieved March 8, 2009.
- Pareles, Jon (November 19, 2003). "Britney Spears: In The Zone". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 8, 2009.
- Flick, Larry (November 25, 2003). "Brit Young Thing". The Advocate. Here Publishing (903): 65. ISSN 0001-8996. Retrieved September 27, 2010.
- Fenwick, Ali (November 18, 2003). "New Vibrations – Arts". The Johns Hopkins News-Letter. Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
- McGee, Linda (December 5, 2003). "Britney Spears – In The Zone – RTÉ Ten". RTÉ.ie. Radio Telefís Éireann. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
- Sanneh, Kelefa (September 17, 2003). "New CD's — Oops! It and #146 - s Album Time Again, Britney — Review — NYTimes.com". The New York Times. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
- Udovitch, Mim (November 18, 2003). "In the Zone". Blender. ISSN 1534-0554.
- Me Against the Music (Australian CD Single liner notes). Britney Spears. Jive Records. 2003. 82876 57755 2.
- Me Against the Music (Australian CD Single liner notes). Britney Spears. Jive Records. 2003. 82876 57756 2.
- Me Against the Music (U.S. CD Single liner notes). Britney Spears. Jive Records. 2003. 82876 58215 2.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (September 22, 2003). "Britney Gets 'Just A Little Freaky' On In The Zone". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
- "Madonna Hits 50 (Songs)". Billboard. 115 (43). October 25, 2003. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 14, 2010.
- "Britney Spears – Chart history" Billboard Hot 100 for Britney Spears. Retrieved April 2, 2011.
- "Britney Spears – Chart history" Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs for Britney Spears. Retrieved April 2, 2011.
- "Britney Spears – Chart history" Billboard Pop Songs for Britney Spears. Retrieved April 2, 2011.
- Susman, Gary (December 9, 2004). "'Burn' Rate". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 8, 2009.
- Trust, Gary (June 5, 2012). "Ask Billboard: What Are Britney Spears' Best-Selling Singles?". Billboard. Nielsen Company. Retrieved June 6, 2012.
- "allmusic ((( Britney Spears > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles )))". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- "Australian-charts.com – Britney Spears feat. Madonna – Me Against the Music". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2003 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- "Charts.org.nz – Britney Spears feat. Madonna – Me Against the Music". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "Busted beat Britney to number one". BBC News. BBC. November 16, 2003. Retrieved October 15, 2010.
- "Madonna: The Official Top 40". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
- Sexton, Paul (December 8, 2003). "Will Young Overtakes U.K. Charts". Billboard. Retrieved March 8, 2009.
- "Ultratop.be – Britney Spears feat. Madonna – Me Against the Music" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- Grove, Lloyd; Lipsky-Karasz, Elisa (October 14, 2003). "Madge gets mad, lips are sealed". Daily News. Retrieved October 15, 2010.
- Lazzeri, Antonella (October 23, 2003). "Oops, Brit did it again |News". The Sun. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
- "Step Master". Los Angeles. Emmis Communications. 49 (8). August 2004. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 14, 2010.
- Staff report, MTV News (November 24, 2003). "News – Articles – 1480648 – 20031124". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved October 26, 2010.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (October 13, 2003). "When Madonna Co-Stars In Britney Video, Opposites Attract – Music, Celebrity, Artist News | MTV". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved October 15, 2010.
- Fouz-Hernández, Santiago; Freya, Jarman-Ivens (2003). "Re-inventing the Phallus: Madonna and Female Masculinity" (PDF). University of Liverpool. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
- Reichert & Lambiase 2006, p. 43
- Reporter, Rolling Stone (2009). "The Complete Video Guide: "Me Against the Music"". Rolling Stone. ISSN 0035-791X.
- Pavlik 2008, p. 108
- "AOL Music: Total Monthly Streams". Billboard. 115 (47): 48. November 22, 2003. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
- "AOL Music: Total Monthly Streams". Billboard. 116 (3): 39. January 17, 2004. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 14, 2010.
- Delanoy, Helbig & James 2007, p. 99
- Peraino 2006, p. 146
- Huhn, Mary (September 6, 2003). "Britney fumbles the ball". New York Post. Retrieved October 26, 2010.
- Ollison, Rashod D (September 5, 2003). "NFL kicks off the season with sizzle ; Fans 'Dream On' at pop-rock concert on Washington's Mall; Pop MusicReview". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved October 26, 2010.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (September 15, 2003). "Britney Romps On Bed, Loses Her Shirt At Surprise Vegas Show – Music, Celebrity, Artist News | MTV". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved October 26, 2010.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (October 22, 2003). "Britney Album Preview: Sex, Sex And More Sex". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
- Kaufman, Gil (November 17, 2003). "50 Cent, Luther Vandross Take Home Multiple AMAs; Many Artists Skip Out – Music, Celebrity, Artist News | MTV". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- Brown, Joel (November 17, 2003). "Britney Spears previews new album on ABC special before football". The Dispatch. Retrieved October 26, 2010.
- Vena, Jocelyn (August 6, 2009). "Britney Spears' Top 10 Best TV Performances – Music, Celebrity, Artist News | MTV". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved October 26, 2010.
- "In the Zone: The highly-anticipated new album from Britney Spears". Billboard. 115 (47). November 22, 2003. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 26, 2010.
- Moss, Corey (December 8, 2003). "Steamy Britney Set Brings Holiday Concert To An Anticlimax – News Story | MTV News". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved October 26, 2010.
- Wallace, Brian (March 4, 2004). "Britney Strips, Gyrates, Sweats, Flirts At Tour Kickoff". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- Stout, Gene (March 13, 2004). "Britney ready for Vegas in a show rated 'R' for racy". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- Powers, Ann (March 3, 2009). "Acrobats, magicians and a bit of erotica: Britney Spears' 'Circus' opens in New Orleans". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- Farber, Jim (March 4, 2009). "Britney Spears kicks off 'Circus' tour in the Big Easy at New Orleans Arena". Daily News. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- Caulfield, Keith (December 28, 2013). "Britney Spears' Hits-Filled 'Piece of Me' Show Opens In Las Vegas: Live Review". Billboard. Retrieved December 28, 2013.
- Bivona 2009, p. 578
- "Britney Spears Music Sampled by Others | WhoSampled". WhoSampled.com. WhoSampled.com Limited. 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
- Futterman, Erica (September 29, 2010). "Glee Playback: Britney Spears Makes for Mixed Results | Rolling Stone Music". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- Vena, Jocelyn (September 29, 2010). "Britney Spears' 'Me Against The Music': 'Glee' Vs. The Original – Music, Celebrity, Artist News | MTV". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- Dinh, James (September 29, 2010). "Britney Spears Tweets About 'Glee' Tribute Episode – Music, Celebrity, Artist News | MTV". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- "ARIA Top 50 Singles Chart: 11/10/2010". Australian Recording Industry Association. October 11, 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- "Canadian Hot 100: Week of October 16, 2010 (Biggest Jump)". Billboard. October 16, 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- "Top 100 Music Hits, Top 100 Music Charts, Top 100 Songs & The Hot 100 | Billboard". Billboard. October 16, 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- In the Zone (Media notes). Britney Spears. RCA Records. 2003.
- "Austriancharts.at – Britney Spears feat. Madonna – Me Against the Music" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "Ultratop.be – Britney Spears feat. Madonna – Me Against the Music" (in French). Ultratop 50. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "Danishcharts.com – Britney Spears feat. Madonna – Me Against the Music". Tracklisten. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "Britney Spears feat. Madonna: Me Against the Music" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "Lescharts.com – Britney Spears feat. Madonna – Me Against the Music" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "Musicline.de – Britney Spears feat. Madonna Single-Chartverfolgung" (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". Web.archive.org. December 9, 2003. Archived from the original on December 9, 2003. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Single (track) Top 40 lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "Chart Track: Week 46, 2003". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "Italiancharts.com – Britney Spears feat. Madonna – Me Against the Music". Top Digital Download. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "ブリトニー・スピアーズのCDシングルランキング、ブリトニー・ORICON STYLE" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – Britney Spears search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – Britney Spears feat. Madonna – Me Against the Music" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "Norwegiancharts.com – Britney Spears feat. Madonna – Me Against the Music". VG-lista. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "Archive Chart: 2003-11-22". Scottish Singles Top 40. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
- "Hits of the World: Spain". Billboard. 115 (49): 46. December 6, 2003. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
- "Swedishcharts.com – Britney Spears feat. Madonna – Me Against the Music". Singles Top 100. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "Swisscharts.com – Britney Spears feat. Madonna – Me Against the Music". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "Britney Spears: Artist Chart History" Official Charts Company. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "ARIA Charts – End Of Year Charts – Top 100 Singles 2003". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- "Jaaroverzichten 2003 (Flanders)" (in Dutch). Ultratop. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- "Rapports Annuels 2003 (Wallonia)" (in French). Ultratop. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- "Netherlands over het jaar 2003" (PDF). Dutch top 40. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- "JAAROVERZICHTEN - SINGLE 2003". Dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- "Årslista Singlar - År 2003". Sverigetopplistan. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- "SWISS YEAR-END CHARTS 2003". Hitparade.ch. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- "UK Year-end Singles 2003" (PDF). The Official Charts Company. Chartplus.co.uk. p. 1. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
- "ARIA Charts – End Of Year Charts – Top 100 Singles 2004". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- "Norwegian single certifications – Britney Spears – Me Against The Music" (in Norwegian). IFPI Norway. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- Bivona, Michael Bivona (2009). Dancing Around the World with Mike and Barbara Bivona. Trafford Publishing. ISBN 1-4269-2278-7
- Reichert, Tom; Lambiase, Jacqueline (2006). Sex in consumer culture: the erotic content of media and marketing. Routledge. ISBN 0-8058-5090-2
- Delanoy, Werner; Helbig, Jörg; James, Allan (2007). Towards a dialogic anglistics. LIT Verlag Münste. ISBN 3-8258-0549-2
- Peraino, Judith Ann (2006). Listening to the sirens: musical technologies of queer identity from Homer to Hedwig. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-21587-7
- Pavlik, John Vernon (2008). Media in the digital age. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-14209-9