Mayan Sign Language

Maya Sign Language
Native to Mexico, Guatemala
Region Isolated villages in south-central Yucatán, Guatemalan Highlands
Native speakers
17 deaf in Chican (2012)[1]
400 hearing signers Chican (1999); unknown number elsewhere
  • Nohya Sign
  • Highland Maya Sign
Language codes
ISO 639-3 msd
Glottolog yuca1236[2]

Mayan Sign Language is a sign language used in Mexico and Guatemala by Mayan communities with unusually high numbers of deaf inhabitants. In some instances, both hearing and deaf members of a village may use the sign language. It is unrelated to the national sign languages of Mexico (Mexican Sign Language) and Guatemala (Guatemalan Sign Language), as well as to the local spoken Mayan languages and Spanish.

Yucatec Mayan Sign Language

Yucatec Mayan Sign Language, also known as Nohya Sign Language, is used in the Yucatán region by both hearing and deaf rural Maya. It is a natural, complex language which is not related to Mexican Sign Language, but may have similarities with sign languages found in nearby Guatemala.

As the hearing villagers are competent in the sign language, the deaf inhabitants seem to be well integrated in the community – in contrast to the marginalisation of deaf people in the wider community, and also in contrast to Highland Mayan Sign Language.

The oral language of the community is the Yucatec Maya language.

Highland Mayan Sign Language

In the highlands of Guatemala, Maya use a sign language that belongs to a "sign language complex" known locally in the K'iche' language as Meemul Ch'aab'al and Meemul Tziij, "mute language." Researcher Erich Fox Tree reports that it is used by deaf rural Maya throughout the region, as well as some traders and traditional storytellers. These communities and Fox Tree believe that Meemul Ch'aab'al belongs to an ancient family of Maya sign languages.[3] Fox Tree claims that Yucatec Maya Sign Language is closely related and substantially mutually intelligible.[4]


  1. Maya Sign Language at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Yucatec Maya Sign Language". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Navigating North and South for Native Knowledge by Patricia Valdata for, 2005.
  4. Yucatec Maya Sign Language

Further reading

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