Mariam al-Asturlabi

Mariam al-Astrulabi or Al-'Ijliyah bint al-'Ijli al-Asturlabi (Arabic: العجلية بنت العجلي الأسطرلابي),[1] also known as Maeriam al-Ijliya al-Astrulabi, Al-Asturlabiya and Al-'Ijliya, was a 10th-century female astronomer and maker of astrolabes in Aleppo, in what is now northern Syria.[2][3]

Early life

She was the daughter of an astrolabist known as al-'Ijli al-Asturlabi.[3] According to Ibn al-Nadim she was an apprentice (tilmīthah) of Bastulus.[3]


Al-'Ijliyah developed and manufactured astrolabes, an astronomical and navigation instrument, during the 10th century.[1][4][5] She was employed by the Emir of Aleppo, Sayf al-Dawla, who reigned from 944 to 967 AD.[2][3][1]


The main-belt asteroid 7060 Al-'Ijliya, discovered by Henry E. Holt at Palomar Observatory in 1990, was named in her honor.[2] Naming citation was published on 14 November 2016 (M.P.C. 102252).[6]

See also


  1. 1 2 3 Salim Al-Hassani. "Women's Contribution to Classical Islamic Civilisation: Science, Medicine and Politics". Retrieved 2016-08-15.
  2. 1 2 3 "7060 Al-'Ijliya (1990 SF11)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Dodge, Bayard (1970). The Fihrist of Al-Nadīm: A Tenth-century Survey of Muslim Culture. Columbia University Press. p. 671. ISBN 978-0-231-02925-4.
  4. "أول عالمة في التاريخ: اسكندرانية ألهمت عالمة عربية". BBC. 2006-12-07. Retrieved 2016-08-12.
  5. "How astronomers and instrument-makers in Muslim civilisations expanded our knowledge of the universe | Muslim Women's Council". Retrieved 2016-08-12.
  6. "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 21 November 2016.

External links

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