Marginal sea

A marginal sea is a division of an ocean, partially enclosed by islands, archipelagos, or peninsulas, adjacent to or widely open to the open ocean at the surface, and/or bounded by submarine ridges on the sea floor.

Marginal seas of the world

Marginal seas of the Atlantic Ocean:

Marginal seas of the Indian Ocean:

Marginal seas of the Mediterranean Sea:

Marginal sea of the Black Sea:

Marginal seas of the Pacific Ocean:

Marginal seas of the Southern Ocean:

The Caribbean Sea is sometimes defined as a marginal sea,[1] sometimes as a mediterranean sea.[2]


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 James C. F. Wang (1992). Handbook on ocean politics & law. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 14–. ISBN 9780313264344. Retrieved 9 December 2010.
  2. 1 2 3 American Congress on Surveying and Mapping (1994). Glossary of the mapping sciences. ASCE Publications. p. 469. ISBN 978-0-7844-0050-0. Retrieved 9 December 2010.
  3. Andaman Sea, Encyclopædia Britannica
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