IUPAC name
Other names
528-43-8 YesY
3D model (Jmol) Interactive image
ChemSpider 65251 N
ECHA InfoCard 100.127.908
KEGG C10651 N
PubChem 72300
Molar mass 266.34 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Magnolol is an organic compound that is classified as lignan. It is a bioactive compound found in the bark of the Houpu magnolia (Magnolia officinalis) or in M. grandiflora.[2] The compound exists at the level of a few percent in the bark of species of magnolia, the extracts of which have been used in traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine. In addition to magnolol, related lignans occur in the extracts including honokiol, which is an isomer of magnolol.


It is known to act on the GABAA receptors in rat cells in vitro[3] as well as having antifungal properties.[4] Magnolol has a number of osteoblast-stimulating and osteoclast-inhibiting activities in cell culture and has been suggested as a candidate for screening for anti-osteoporosis activity.[5] It has anti-periodontal disease activity in a rat model.[6] Structural analogues have been studied and found to be strong allosteric modulators of GABAA.[7]


  1. Magnolol at Sigma-Aldrich
  2. Lee, Young-Jung; Lee, Yoot Mo; Lee, Chong-Kil; Jung, Jae Kyung; Han, Sang Bae; Hong, Jin Tae (2011). "Therapeutic applications of compounds in the Magnolia family". Pharmacology & Therapeutics. 130 (2): 157–76. doi:10.1016/j.pharmthera.2011.01.010. PMID 21277893.
  3. Ai, Jinglu; Wang, Xiaomei; Nielsen, Mogens (2001). "Honokiol and Magnolol Selectively Interact with GABAA Receptor Subtypes in vitro". Pharmacology. 63 (1): 34–41. doi:10.1159/000056110. PMID 11408830.
  4. Bang, Kyu Ho; Kim, Yoon Kwan; Min, Byung Sun; Na, Min Kyun; Rhee, Young Ha; Lee, Jong Pill; Bae, Ki Hwan (2000). "Antifungal activity of magnolol and honokiol". Archives of Pharmacal Research. 23 (1): 46–9. doi:10.1007/BF02976465. PMID 10728656.
  5. Kwak, Eun Jung; Lee, Young Soon; Choi, Eun Mi (2012). "Effect of Magnolol on the Function of Osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 Cells". Mediators of Inflammation. 2012: 1–7. doi:10.1155/2012/829650. PMC 3306956Freely accessible. PMID 22474400.
  6. Lu, Sheng-Hua; Huang, Ren-Yeong; Chou, Tz-Chong (2013). "Magnolol Ameliorates Ligature-Induced Periodontitis in Rats and Osteoclastogenesis: In Vivo and in Vitro Study". Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2013: 1–12. doi:10.1155/2013/634095. PMC 3618931Freely accessible. PMID 23573141.
  7. "Structural analogues of the natural products magnolol and honokiol as potent allosteric potentiators of GABAA receptors.". Bioorg Med Chem. 22: 6908–17. Dec 15, 2014. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2014.10.027. PMID 25456080.

Further reading

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/27/2015. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.