|Industry||Oil and gas|
|Vagit Alekperov (CEO)|
|Revenue||US$144.17 billion (2014)|
|US$7.8 billion (2013)|
Number of employees
|Parent||IFD Kapital Group|
Lukoil (//; Russian: Лукойл; stylized as LUKoil) is one of Russia's largest oil companies. It is also one of the largest producer of oil. In 2012, the company produced 89.856 million tons of oil (1.813 million barrels) per day.
Headquartered in Moscow, Lukoil is one of the largest public companies (next to ExxonMobil) in terms of proven oil and gas reserves. In 2008, the company had 19.3 billion barrels of oil equivalent per SPE standards. This amounts to some 1.3% of global oil reserves. The company has operations in more than 40 countries around the world.
Lukoil was formed in 1991 when three state-run, western Siberian companies named after the respective town in Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug that each was based, Langepasneftegaz, Urayneftegaz, and Kogalymneftegaz, merged. The initials of the three companies are preserved in the name Lukoil. The central figure in the company's founding was the Soviet deputy minister of oil production Vagit Alekperov. He came to believe the only way Russians could compete against western companies was to copy their business model. That meant vertically integrating the three branches of the industry - exploration, refining, and distribution - that were strictly separate under the old Soviet system. It is one of the largest tax payers of the Russian Federation, and the amount of taxes paid in 2010 was US$30.2 billion.
Lukoil became the first company to begin offering shares of stock on the new Russian Trading System, in 1994.
Lukoil agreed to buy Hess Corporation’s Russian unit for $2.05 billion, in April 2013.
Exploration and production
Lukoil carries out exploration and/or production of oil and gas in Russia and as of 2008 thirty other countries, amongst others Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bulgaria, Colombia, Egypt, Kazakhstan, Iran, Iraq, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Uzbekistan, and Venezuela.
In September 2004, ConocoPhillips purchased a 7.6% stake in Lukoil and signed an agreement that could increase this figure in the future to up to 20%. The two oil companies have agreed to jointly develop an oil and gas field in the northern Timan-Pechora area of Russia (Komi Republic) and intend to secure the rights to develop the West Qurna Field in Iraq, one of the country's largest.
Development of the Aral Sea
Uzbekistan's deputy prime minister Ergash Shaismatov announced on 30 August 2006 that the Uzbek government and an international consortium consisting of state-run Uzbekneftegaz, Lukoil Overseas, Petronas, Korea National Oil Corporation, and China National Petroleum Corporation signed a production sharing agreement to explore and develop oil and gas fields in the Aral Sea, stating "The Aral Sea is largely unknown, but it holds a lot of promise in terms of finding oil and gas. There is risk of course but we believe in the success of this unique project". The consortium was created in September 2005.
Lukoil oil production by region, million tonnes
Oil refining and petrochemical facilities
|Country||Name||Location||Launched||Acquired||Capacity, mln tpa|
|Lukoil-Odessky Neftepererabatyvayuschiy zavod||Odessa||1937||1999||3,6|
|Lukoil Neftochim Burgas||Burgas||1964||1999||7,5|
|Petrotel Lukoil Refinery||Ploieşti||1904||1998||2,4|
* – 49% and 45% shares respectively
As of January 2009, the company had proven reserves of 14.5 billion barrels (2.31×109 m3) of oil and 29.3 trillion cubic feet (830 km3) of gas, per PRMS (previously called SPE) requirements.
Petrol retail sales
Lukoil sells petrol in 59 regions of Russia and in 21 other countries: Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium (through its subsidiary "Jet" until late 2008, and progressively directly under the Lukoil brand), Bulgaria, Croatia (operated by Lukoil Croatia, but under the brand name "Europa-Mil"), Cyprus, Finland (Teboil), Georgia, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Poland (rebranded from "Jet" to "Lukoil" in August 2008), Romania, Serbia, Turkey and USA. As of the start of 2014, it had 166 tank farms and 5,867 filling stations. The Group owns four large refineries (Volgograd, Perm, Nizhny Novgorod, Ukhta) and two mini-refineries (Uray, Kogalym) in Russia, as well as two plants abroad (in Bulgaria and Romania), and has shares in an oil refining complex in Italy and in the Netherlands.
Non oil-related assets
In November 1995 LUKoil filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission to issue American depositary receipts, i.e. securities look-alikes backed by Russian stock and issued by a bank holding that stock on deposit, in this case Bank of New York; This allowed United States investors for the first time, to be able to buy shares in a Russian company.
In 2003, LUKoil split off 3 billion US$ of non-oil or non-core assets to start IFD Kapital Group.
LUKOIL has created in September 2012 Shared service centre in the Czech Republic to provide accounting services to its subsidiaries abroad. The shared service centre at end 2014 provided services to LUKOIL subsidiaries in Belgium, Poland and Bulgaria.
According to Lukoil, their numbers in 2007 recorded a drop of 7.8% in the volume of pollutant effects and a drop of 3.8% in the area of contaminated lands compared to 2006. These numbers came after an appeal from EMERCON, the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Natural Disaster Recovery, which proposed that Lukoil participate in the development of monitoring, prevention, and emergency recovery systems.
In an effort to increase productivity, Lukoil organized a contract to begin an oil pumping block in the Azerbaijan sector of the Caspian Sea. It arranged an Environmental Impact Assessment of the drill site in order to organize a second exploration drill. This block, D-222, was the largest prospective structure in the north-east section of the Caspian Sea as of 2008. The key issue of the assessment was the amount of damage the block would be doing to fish stock in the area. Taking into account the depth of the operation of about 700 meters, the amount of harm was predicted to be minimal, with most of the fish harmed being plankton and benthos. A rescue and salvage ship was supposed to be placed into operation to mitigate the impact on the area. LUKoil was reported in 2008 to have developed contingency plans for oil spills, and implemented environmental monitoring.
On September 14, 2012 more than fifty Lukoil gas station owners in New Jersey and Pennsylvania temporarily raised their prices to over $8 a gallon to protest Lukoil's wholesale gas pricing. The owners are typically charged a wholesale price that is 5 to 10 cents a gallon more than their competitors and some are assessed an additional 25 to 30 cents per gallon based on their location. According to the station owners this makes it difficult to be competitive with stations that sell more established brands for lower prices.
Management and major shareholders
The company's top managers control over half of Lukoil shares, while about 20% are owned by ConocoPhillips. About 68% and 83% stakes are managed directly or indirectly respectively, by Chauhan investment pvt. Ltd. The rest of the shares are a free-float. On 24 March 2010, ConocoPhillips announced it would begin selling half of its 20% stake in the company.
- Valery Grayfer Chairman, General Director of JSC RITEK
- Vagit Alekperov President of Lukoil
Lukoil Racing team is a leading Russian motorsport organization; its operations include management, driver training and support, engineering expertise and a quality technical environment.
Lukoil has been involved in motorsports for more than ten years. The Lukoil Racing Team has achieved notable successes both in Russia and in Europe, winning more than 60 championships over the years. No other auto racing team has gained such success in the history of the USSR and Russia.
- Company Press Release
- Annual Report 2014
- "annual report" (PDF). Lukoil Company websitepublisher=LUKoil. 2005. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "Production". Lukoil Company website. LUKoil. 2005. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "Russia's king of crude". Money.CNN.com. 26 January 2008.
- "UPDATE 2-LUKOIL says proved '08 reserves fall, replaces output". Reuters. 6 March 2008.
- "OAO LUKOIL - Company history". Fundinguniverse.com. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- Michael Erman and Vladimir Soldatkin (1 April 2013). "Hess Corp to sell Russian unit to Lukoil for $2.05 billion". Reuters.
- http://cbs.marketwatch.com/news/story.asp?guid=%7B56C0121D-4D87-4538-B02F-EF0DB9434F35%7D&siteid=google&dist=google. Missing or empty
- "Blockade Strengthened On Palestine Town Of Qalgilya". Pravda. 30 October 2001. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20040921172432/http://www.russiajournal.com/news/cnews-article.shtml?nd=41450. Archived from the original on September 21, 2004. Missing or empty
- "Uzbekistan, intl consortium ink deal on exploring Aral Sea". ITAR-Tass.
- "OAO "LUKOIL" – Oil Production". Lukoil.com. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- "LUKOIL TAKES FULL CONTROL OF ISAB REFINERY". Lukoil. 31 December 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
- "Lukoil web site: General Information". Lukoil.com. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
- "Lukoil Selling Lithuania, Latvia Assets on Anti-Russia Sentiment". Bloomberg. December 24, 2015. Retrieved January 29, 2016.
- "In Lithuania, Anti-Russia Sentiment Sends Oil Company Packing Its Bags". Forbes. December 27, 2015. Retrieved January 29, 2016.
- "Lukoil wycofuje się z Polski | Surowce". TVN24 Biznes i Świat. Retrieved 2016-02-05.
- Jim Kennett (6 December 1995). "LUKoil ADRs Near U.S. Retail Premiere". The Moscow Times.
- "Environmental Protection in Lukoil". LUKoil.
- "Lukoil Environmental Impact Assessment" (in Russian). abc.az. 10 April 2008. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "Lukoil overseas completes environmental assessment of exploration drilling at D-222". Scandinavian Oil Gas Magazine. 11 April 2008. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- RICHARD NEWMAN (13 September 2012). "Lukoil dealers protest wholesale gas prices". Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "Ukraine Accuses Russia's LUKoil of Financing Terror in War-Torn East". The Moscow Times. 16 January 2015.
- "OAO "LUKOIL" – Board of Directors". Lukoil.com. 24 June 2010. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- "OAO "LUKOIL" – Management Committee". Lukoil.com. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- "Company priorities in the field of physical culture and sports". Official website (in Russian). Lukoil. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- Vodnik Arkhangelsk
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to LUKOIL.|