Louis-Emmanuel d'Angoulême

Louis Emmanuel de Valois, portrait by Daniel Dumonstier, 1628, musée Condé, Chantilly

Louis-Emmanuel de Valois (Clermont-en-Auvergne, 28 April 1596 - Paris, 13 November 1653) was count of Auvergne and duke of Angoulême.


He was the son of Charles de Valois, the illegitimate son of King Charles IX and Marie Touchet. His mother was Charlotte de Montmorency, daughter of Henri I de Montmorency.

Louis de Valois became Commendatory abbot of the Abbaye de la Chaise-Dieu in 1608, and Commendatory Bishop of Agde in 1612 until 1622, when he renounced his benefices.

On 1 January 1624 he became Colonel-General of the Cavalry and on 17 April 1635 Maréchal de camp.
On 29 October 1637 he was appointed Governor of the Provence, starting from January 1638. During the Fronde, he refused to obey the orders of Cardinal Mazarin and was recalled to Court in September 1650. He was replaced as governor in February 1653 and became Minister of State on 20 July 1653. He died 4 months later.

After the death of his father in 1650, he had become 5th Count of Auvergne and Duke of Angoulême.

Marriage and children

Louis-Emmanuel de Valois married on 8 February 1629 with Marie Henriette de La Guiche, dame de Chaumont (died 1682), daughter of Philibert de La Guiche, Grand Master of Artillery. They had :

Louis-Emmanuel de Valois also had an illegitimate son : Antoine Charles Louis de Valois (1649-1701), chevalier d'Angoulême.[1]


  1. Histoire Genealogique et Chronologique de la Maison Royale de France ... Troisieme Edition 1726


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