Lorenzo De Medici Sweat

Lorenzo De Medici Sweat (Maine Congressman)

Lorenzo De Medici Sweat (May 26, 1818 July 26, 1898) was a U.S. Representative from Maine.

Early life and education

He was born in Parsonsfield, Maine, where he attended Parsonsfield Seminary, a Free Will Baptist school. Sweat attended Bowdoin College, from which he graduated in 1837, and studied law with Rufus McIntire. He attended Harvard Law School, and after graduating in 1840 he was admitted to the bar and practiced law in New Orleans.

Marriage and family

Sweat returned to Maine and settled in Portland, where he continued to practice law. He married Margaret Jane Mussey in 1849. They did not have children.

Political career

Sweat held various local offices including Portland City Solicitor from 1856 to 1860. He served as a member of the Maine State Senate from 1861 to 1862.

He was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-eighth Congress and served from March 4, 1863 to March 3, 1865. He was defeated for reelection in 1864, and was an unsuccessful candidate for election to Congress in 1866.

He later was a delegate to the Union National Convention held in Philadelphia in 1868, and to the 1872 Democratic National Convention. In 1872 he was selected as a member of the Democratic National Committee. He served until 1876 and received credit for helping Samuel J. Tilden receive that year's Democratic nomination for President.

He was an honorary commissioner to the World's Exposition in Paris in 1867 and that in Vienna in 1873.

His house in Portland, the McLellan-Sweat Mansion, was later adapted for use as the Portland Museum of Art, following a bequest by his wife. Today it is a National Historic Landmark.

His body is interred in Evergreen Cemetery in Portland, Maine.


United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
John N. Goodwin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maine's 1st congressional district

March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1865
Succeeded by
John Lynch
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