# Loch Ness monster surface

In mathematics, the **Loch Ness monster** is a surface with infinite genus but only one end. It appears named this way already in a 1981-year article by Sullivan & Phillips (1981). The surface can be constructed by starting with a plane (which can be thought of as the surface of Loch Ness) and adding an infinite number of handles (which can be thought of as loops of the Loch Ness monster).

## See also

## References

- Sullivan, Dennis; Phillips, Anthony (1981), "Geometry of leaves",
*Topology*,**20**: 209–218, doi:10.1016/0040-9383(81)90039-2, ISSN 0040-9383, MR 0605659 - Ghys, Étienne (1995), "Topologie des feuilles génériques",
*Annals of Mathematics. Second Series*,**141**(2): 387–422, doi:10.2307/2118526, ISSN 0003-486X, MR 1324140 - Walczak, Paweł (2004),
*Dynamics of foliations, groups and pseudogroups*, Instytut Matematyczny Polskiej Akademii Nauk. Monografie Matematyczne (New Series) [Mathematics Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Mathematical Monographs (New Series)],**64**, Birkhäuser Verlag, ISBN 978-3-7643-7091-6, MR 2056374

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