For the pig breed, see Livny (pig).
Livny (English)
Ливны (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -

View of the part of Livny located across the Sosna River

Location of Oryol Oblast in Russia
Location of Livny in Oryol Oblast
Coordinates: 52°25′26″N 37°35′59″E / 52.42389°N 37.59972°E / 52.42389; 37.59972Coordinates: 52°25′26″N 37°35′59″E / 52.42389°N 37.59972°E / 52.42389; 37.59972
Administrative status (as of April 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Oryol Oblast[1]
Administrative center of town of oblast significance of Livny[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2010)
Urban okrug Livny Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Livny Urban Okrug,[2] Livensky Municipal District[3]
Population (2010 Census) 50,343 inhabitants[4]
- Rank in 2010 317th
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[5]
Founded 1586
Livny on Wikimedia Commons

Livny (Russian: Ливны; IPA: [ˈlʲivnɨ]) is a town in Oryol Oblast, Russia. Population: 50,343(2010 Census);[4] 52,841(2002 Census);[6] 51,696(1989 Census).[7]


The town apparently originated in 1586 as Ust-Livny, a wooden fort on the bank of the Livenka River, although some believe that a town had existed on the spot previous to the Mongol invasion of Rus'. The fortress was important in guarding the southern border of the Grand Duchy of Moscow in the case of a Crimean Tatar raid along the Muravsky Trail.

Thirty years later, Ivan the Terrible sent prince Masalsky to build a town of Livny under the umbrella of a garrison stationed in the fort. It was pillaged and burnt by the Tatars on many occasions. In 1606, the citizens of Livny raised a rebellion against Boris Godunov, killing his governor and proclaiming their allegiance to False Dmitry I. Two years later, Ivan Bolotnikov chose it as a base of his military operations against Vasily IV.

In 1618, the wooden town was burnt by the Cossacks of Petro Konashevych. The Crimeans again attacked the town in 1661, burning it to the ground. As soon as the Tatar attacks ceased, the period of prosperity was ushered. In the 19th century, Livny rivaled Yelets as the main trade center of the area.

During World War II, Livny was occupied by the German Army from 26 November to 25 December 1941.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Livny serves as the administrative center of Livensky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the town of oblast significance of Livny—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of oblast significance of Livny is incorporated as Livny Urban Okrug.[2]


Near Livny, there is a 350-meter (1,150 ft) tall guyed TV tower, which was presumably built in 1979.

Notable people

Sergey Bulgakov, a philosopher, was a native of Livny.



  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Law #522-OZ
  2. 1 2 3 Law #449-OZ
  3. Law #442-OZ
  4. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  5. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  7. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.


External links

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